Kumarapala (Solanki king)

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Dynasty Solanki
Religion Jainism

Kumarapala (r. 1143 – 1172 CE), son of Tribhuvanpal Solanki, was a famous ruler of the Solanki dynasty of Gujarat at Patan, Anahilavada, India.[1][2]

He was born in Dadhisthali (now Dethali near Sidhpur). During his reign, Jainism became prominent in Gujarat.[2] He was a devoted disciple of the great Jain polymath Acharya Hemachandra.[3]

Under the influence of "Kali Kal Sarvagya" Hemchandracharya, he banned all kinds of cruelty against any living being in his kingdom and thus, laid the foundation of a great kingdom based on the principles of Ahimsa. Kumarapala was a brave ruler who successfully fought many battles. Under the advice of his Guru, he was responsible for restoring ruined temple of Somnath.[4] He also built several Jain Temples, including the temple at Taranga and Mount Girnar. He also constructed Somnath Temple in Pali, Rajasthan. Udayan Mehta, a very wise, brave and influential jain businessman from Khambhat was his chief minister who had assisted Kumarapala in becoming king after the death of his uncle, King Siddharaj Jaisingh; Saddharaj disliked Kumarapala during his lifetime and made an attempt on his life. Kumarapala was also called Gurjareshwar.[5] Period under his ruling was amongst the golden era of Gujarat where trade, culture, literature and other forms of learning greatly flourished. He died within 6 months of death of his Guru Hemchandracharya.


Further reading[edit]

  • Kumarapala Rasa, written 1425 CE[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Michael C. Howard (23 February 2012). Transnationalism in Ancient and Medieval Societies: The Role of Cross-Border Trade and Travel. McFarland. pp. 189–. ISBN 978-0-7864-9033-2. 
  2. ^ a b Bhanwarlal Nathuram Luniya (1978). Life and culture in medieval India. Kamal Prakashan. p. 385. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  3. ^ G. K. Ghosh; Shukla Ghosh (1 January 2000). Ikat textiles of India. APH Publishing. pp. 6–. ISBN 978-81-7648-167-0. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  4. ^ Edalji Dosábhai (1894). A history of Gujarát: from the earliest period to the present time. United Print. and General Agency. pp. 35–. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  5. ^ Anjali Desai (2006). India Guide Gujarat. India Guide Publications. pp. 227–. ISBN 978-0-9789517-0-2. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  6. ^ Kastoor Chand Kasliwal (1967). Jaina grantha bhandārs in Rājasthān. Shri Digamber Jain Atishaya Kshetra Shri Mahavirji. p. 95. Retrieved 26 May 2011.