Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary
|Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Location||Rajsamand District, Rajasthan, India|
|Area||578 km2 (223 sq mi)|
Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary is in the Rajsamand District of Rajasthan State in western India. It surrounds the Kumbhalgarh fortress and covers an area of 578 km2 (223 sq mi). The sanctuary extends across the Aravalli Range, covering parts of Rajsamand, Udaipur, and Pali districts, ranging from 500 to 1,300 metres (1,600 to 4,300 ft) elevation. Its ecoregion is that of Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests.
It takes name after the impressive historic fort of Kumbhalgarh, which comes into view over the Park. It is 578 km2 (223 sq mi) in area, and at an altitude of 500 to 1,300 metres (1,600 to 4,300 ft). Kumbhalgarh's natural environment attracts tourists, and is accessible from Udaipur, which is 100 km from here. Foot tracking and horse safari organised by local tour operators are also available. A typical safari route enters the sanctuary from the Kumbhalgarh Fort and cuts across the sanctuary it reaches Ghanerao, and then borders an old abandoned road. On this road, one can see chinkaras, neelgais, four horned antelope and birds.
The sanctuary is home to a variety of wildlife, some of which are endangered species. The wildlife includes the Indian wolf, Indian leopard, sloth bear, striped hyena, Golden jackal, jungle cat, sambhar, nilgai, chausingha (the four horned antelope), chinkara and Indian hare. The birds at Kumbhalgarh includes the normally shy and untrusting grey jungle fowl. Peacocks and doves can be sighted feeding on grains scattered by the jungle guards. Birds like the red spurfowl, parakeet, golden oriole, grey pigeon, bulbul, dove and white breasted kingfisher can also be seen near the water holes.
Asiatic Lion Reintroduction Project
Kumbalgarh Sanctuary was one of the places that were considered for the reintroduction of the Asiatic lion. With the recent Supreme Court of India judgment favoring the relocation of lions over that of cheetahs in India, a proposal was made to the Government of Rajasthan, by wildlife conservationist Raza H. Tehsin in April 2009.
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- Negi, Sharad Singh (2002), Handbook of National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves in India (3rd Edition), Indus Publishing, p. 151, ISBN 978-81-7387-128-3
- "Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
- Ashraf, N.V.K.; Chellam, Ravi; Sharma, D.; Molur, Sanjay; Walker, Sally, eds. (May 1995). "Asiatic Lion Report" (PDF). Population & Habitat Viability Assessment P.H.V.A. and Global Animal Survival Plan Workshops (18–21 October 1993, Baroda, India). Zoo Outreach Organisation / CBSG, India. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
- "Courting the king". Deccan Herald. 2017-08-07. Retrieved 2012-10-08.