Kumgangsan Chongnyon Line

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Kumgangsan Chongnyon Line
Overview
Other name(s) Tonghae Pukpu Line
동해북부선(東海北部線)
Native name 금강산청년선(金剛山靑年線)
Type Heavy rail, Passenger/freight rail
Regional rail
Status Operarional
Locale Kangwon
Termini Anbyŏn
Kamho
Stations 17
Operation
Opened Stages between 1929-1937
Closed 1950 (Samilp'o - Jejin)
Reopened 17 May 2007 (Samilp'o - Jejin)
Owner Korean State Railway
Operator(s) Korean State Railway
Technical
Line length 114.8 km (71.3 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 3000 V DC Overhead line
(Anbyŏn - Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn)
Route map

DPRK-Kumgangsan Chongnyon Line.png

Kangwŏn Line
0.0 Anbyŏn
Kangwŏn Line
Namdaech'ŏn
Kŭmhwach'ŏn
8.9 Ogye
14.9 Sangŭm Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Anbyŏn-gun/T'ongch'ŏn-gun
25.2 Tongjŏngho
31.4 Myŏnggo
Kŭmbong River
38.0 Kŭmbonggang
Kŭmbong River
47.4 Sijungho
Hanch'ŏn River
54.3 T'ongch'ŏn
Sip'ihyŏnch'ŏn
61.0 Tonghae
Kwanggyoch'ŏn
65.1 Pyŏgŭng Closed
T'ongch'ŏn-gun/Kosŏng-gun
70.2 Ryŏmsŏng
75.7 Tup'o
86.2 Nam'ae
Onjŏng-ri
93.2 Kosŏng
101.0 Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn
109.2 Samilp'o
Nam River
114.8 Kamho
DPRK (Kosŏng-gun)
DMZ
ROK (Goseong-gun)
125.9 Jejin
Donghae Bukbu Line
Kumgangsan Chongnyon Line
Chosŏn'gŭl 금강산청년선
Hancha
Revised Romanization Geumgangsancheongnyeon-seon
McCune–Reischauer Kŭmgangsanch'ŏngnyŏn-sŏn

The Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the North Korean State Railway running from Anbyŏn to Kamho. The total length of the line is 114.8 km (71.3 mi), but it is only in regular use as far as Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn; the length of the line to there is 101 km (63 mi).[1]

History[edit]

The line was originally built by the Chosen Government Railway (Sentetsu) as part of the Tonghae Pukpu Line, from Anbyŏn on Sentetsu's Kyŏngwŏn Line to Yangyang. The construction and opening of the line took place in several stages:

Date Section Length
1 September 1929 Anbyŏn–Hŭpkok (Myŏnggo) 31.4 km
21 July 1931 Hŭpkok–T'ongch'ŏn (Tonghae) 29.6 km
21 May 1932 T'ongch'ŏn–Tubaek (Tup'o) 14.7 km
1 August 1932 Tubaek–Changjŏn (Kosŏng) 17.5 km
16 September 1932 Changjŏn–Oegŭmgang (Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn) 7.8 km
1 November 1935 Oegŭmgang–Kansŏng 49.7 km
1 December 1937 Kansŏng–Yangyang 41.9 km

Plans were made to extend the line from Yangyang to Pohang, but the end of the Pacific War and the collapse of the Japanese General-Government of Korea prevented completion of the extension.

After the partition of Korea, the line was split between the north and south, with the section from Anbyŏn to Kamho becoming the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line in the north, while the section from Chejin to Yangyang became the Tonghae Pukpu Line operated by the Korean National Railway.

Electrification of the line was completed on 15 April 1997.[1]

In 2007, after the reconstruction of the disused section between Kamho and Jejin, passenger trains began operating from the south to bring southern tourists to the Mount Kŭmgang Tourist Region.[2] More than one million civilian visitors crossed the DMZ until the route was closed following the shooting death of a 53-year-old South Korean tourist in July 2008.[3] Plans are being considered which would see the line become part of a trans-Korean line from Pohang to Tumangang, to connect South Korea's railway network to the Trans-Siberian Railway.[2]

Route[edit]

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

Distance Station Name (Transcribed) Station Name (Chosŏn'gŭl) Connections
0.0 Anbyŏn 안변 Kangwŏn Line
8.9 Ogye 오계
14.9 Sangŭm Ch'ŏngnyŏn 상음 청년
25.2 Tongjŏngho 동정호
31.4 Myŏnggo 명고
38.0 Kŭmbonggang 금봉강
47.4 Sijungho 시중호
54.3 T'ongch'ŏn 통천
61.0 Tonghae 동해
70.2 Ryŏmsŏng 렴성
75.7 Tup'o 두포
86.2 Nam'ae 남애
93.2 Kosŏng 고성
101.0 Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn 금강산 청년
v Below here not in regular use v
109.2 Samilp'o 삼일포
114.8 Kamho 감호
Demilitarised Zone
125.9 Jejin, ROK 제진 Donghae Bukbu Line

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6
  2. ^ a b "Trans-Korean Railway" (PDF). Korean Rail Technology (English). 9: 09–11. September 2007. 
  3. ^ "ROK woman tourist shot dead at DPRK resort". China Daily. July 12, 2008.