# Kunita–Watanabe inequality

In stochastic calculus, the Kunita–Watanabe inequality is a generalization of the Cauchy–Schwarz inequality to integrals of stochastic processes.

## Statement of the theorem

Let M, N be continuous local martingales and H, K measurable processes. Then

${\displaystyle \int _{0}^{t}\left|H_{s}\right|\left|K_{s}\right|\left|\mathrm {d} \langle M,N\rangle _{s}\right|\leq {\sqrt {\int _{0}^{t}H_{s}^{2}\,\mathrm {d} \langle M\rangle _{s}}}{\sqrt {\int _{0}^{t}K_{s}^{2}\,\mathrm {d} \langle N\rangle _{s}}}}$

where the brackets indicates the quadratic variation and quadratic covariation operators. The integrals are understood in the Lebesgue–Stieltjes sense.

## References

• Rogers, L. C. G.; Williams, D. (1987). Diffusions, Markov Processes and Martingales. II, Itô; Calculus. Cambridge University Press. p. 50. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511805141. ISBN 0-521-77593-0.