Kunlun Station (Antarctica)

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Kunlun Station
昆仑站
Antarctic base
Location of Kunlun Station in Antarctica
Location of Kunlun Station in Antarctica
Kunlun Station
Location of Kunlun Station in Antarctica
Coordinates: 80°25′02″S 77°06′59″E / 80.417340°S 77.116449°E / -80.417340; 77.116449Coordinates: 80°25′02″S 77°06′59″E / 80.417340°S 77.116449°E / -80.417340; 77.116449
Country  China
Location in Antarctica East Antarctica
Administered by Polar Research Institute of China
Established 27 February 2009 (2009-02-27)
Elevation 4,087 m (13,409 ft)
Population
 • Total
  • Up to 28
Type Seasonal
Period Summer
Status Operational
Website Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration

Kunlun Station (simplified Chinese: 昆仑站; traditional Chinese: 崑崙站; pinyin: Kūnlún Zhàn) is one of four Chinese research stations in Antarctica.

It is located at 4087 m above sea level, the highest among all research stations, and 7.3 km southwest of Dome A and was officially opened on January 27, 2009. Fully constructed the station is planned to cover an area of 558 m². The main building, covering 236 m², is planned erected in April 2009.[1]

The site is one of the coldest in the world, with temperatures occasionally reaching −80 °C (−112 °F) in the winter. It is indicated from satellite measurements that places nearby could reach a world record −90 °C (−130 °F) temperature.[2]

In April 2012 the first of three Antarctica Schmidt telescopes (AST3) was installed at Kunlun Station. The other two were planned for installation in 2013 and 2014. A bigger optical telescope, Kunlun Dark Universe Survey Telescope (KDUST), is planned to be installed by 2020.

Telescopes at Antarctic Kunlun Station[edit]

Instrument Name Aperture Installation Year Remarks
Chinese Small Telescope Array (CSTAR) [3] 0.145m 2008 CSTAR is an array of four Schmidt telescope with aperture of 14.5 cm,equipped with 1Kx1K CCD each.
Antarctica Schmidt telescopes (AST3) 0.5m 2012-2014 First of three AST3 telescopes was installed at the Antarctic Kunlun Station in April 2012.[4]
Kunlun Dark Universe Survey Telescope (KDUST) 2.5m 2020 KDUST is a 2.5 meter infrared optical telescope designed to detect and observe Earth-like planets in the Milky Way using infrared light.[5]
Dome A Terahertz Explorer-5 (DATE5) 5m 2020 DATE5 is a 5-meter telescope designed to detect light with longer wavelengths, which will allow astronomers to detect and observe nascent stars.[5]
Infrared optical telescope 6-8m 2020+
New terahertz telescope 15m 2020+

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]