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Kunming Changshui International Airport

Coordinates: 25°06′7″N 102°55′45″E / 25.10194°N 102.92917°E / 25.10194; 102.92917
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Kunming Changshui International Airport

昆明长水国际机场
Façade of the airport terminal
Summary
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorYunnan Airport Group
ServesKunming
LocationChangshui, Guandu, Kunming, Yunnan, China
Opened28 June 2012; 12 years ago (2012-06-28)
Hub for
Focus city forChina Southern Airlines
Elevation AMSL2,103 m / 6,900 ft
Coordinates25°06′7″N 102°55′45″E / 25.10194°N 102.92917°E / 25.10194; 102.92917
Websitekm.ynairport.com
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
KMG/ZPPP is located in Yunnan
KMG/ZPPP
KMG/ZPPP
Location in Yunnan
KMG/ZPPP is located in China
KMG/ZPPP
KMG/ZPPP
Location in China
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
03/21 4,000 13,123 Asphalt
04L/22R 4,500 14,764 Asphalt
04R/22L Under construction
Statistics (2021)
Passengers32,221,195
Cargo (tonnes)377,225.4
Aircraft movements279,471
Kunming Changshui International Airport
Simplified Chinese昆明长水国际机场
Traditional Chinese昆明長水國際機場

Kunming Changshui International Airport (IATA: KMG, ICAO: ZPPP) is an international airport serving Kunming, the capital of Southwestern China’s Yunnan province. The airport is located 24.5 km (15.2 mi) northeast of the city center in a graded mountainous area about 2,100 m (6,900 ft) above sea level. The airport opened at 08:00 (UTC+8) on 28 June 2012,[1] replacing the old Kunming Wujiaba International Airport, which was later demolished. As a gateway to Southeast and South Asia,[2] Changshui Airport is a hub for China Eastern Airlines, Kunming Airlines, Lucky Air, Sichuan Airlines and Ruili Airlines.

The new airport has two runways (versus the single runway at Wujiaba), and handled 48,075,978 passengers in 2019, making it one of the 50 busiest airports in the world by passenger traffic, the first time it earned this distinction. In 2020, it is expected to handle 50 million passengers.

The main terminal was designed by architectural firm SOM with engineering firm Arup.

History[edit]

Construction began in 2009. At the time, the facility was reported to be named the Zheng He International Airport, named after Zheng He, a Chinese mariner, explorer, and diplomat. The very short construction time was marred by two separate incidents. The first occurred on January 3, 2010, when seven construction workers died as an incomplete overpass collapsed.[3] On June 28, 2011, 11 workers were injured when a tunnel that was under construction collapsed.[4] Construction of the airport's main terminal was completed by July 2011.[5]

Facilities[edit]

Terminal[edit]

The main 548,300 m2 (5,901,852 sq ft) terminal of Changshui International Airport is the second largest terminal building in China.[6] The terminal has 66 gates with jet bridges. Total number of 88 gates are available.

Runways[edit]

Kunming Changshui International Airport now has two runways. East runway is 4,500 metres (14,763 ft 9 in) long while west runway is 4,000 metres (13,123 ft 4 in) long.

Waiting area of Kunming Changshui International Airport

A-CDM[edit]

In July 2014, Kunming airport signed an agreement with the aviation data service company VariFlight regarding the Airport Collaborative Decision Making system (A-CDM) installation in order to improve the efficiency of its operations, reduce fuel consumption and other expenses. Kunming airport became the first aviation hub in China to implement such an information system. In 2017, the airport's on-time performance reached 85.3%.[7]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
9 Air Guangzhou[8]
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International
Air China Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing, Chengdu–Tianfu, Hangzhou, Harbin, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Tianjin, Yangon, Zunyi–Maotai
Air Guilin Guilin[9]
Air Travel Changchun, Changsha,[10] Chengdu–Tianfu,[10] Hailar, Hohhot, Lanzhou, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nantong, Qingdao, Shenyang, Wuxi, Yantai, Zhengzhou[10]
Batik Air Charter: Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta[11]
Batik Air Malaysia Kuala Lumpur–International[12]
Beijing Capital Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Hangzhou, Harbin,[13] Ningbo,[13] Qingdao, Shijiazhuang[14]
Chengdu Airlines Changsha, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chengdu–Tianfu,[15] Dazhou,[15] Xishuangbanna[16]
China Eastern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baoshan, Beijing–Daxing, Cangyuan, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Dali, Dalian, Datong,[17] Dhaka, Diqing, Dubai–International, Fuyang, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, Guilin, Handan, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harbin, Hefei, Ho Chi Minh City, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Huai'an, Huangshan, Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan, Jining, Kathamndu,[18] Kuala Lumpur–International,[19] Lancang, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Lincang, Luang Prabang, Luoyang, Luzhou, Malé,[20] Mandalay, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Ninglang, Ordos, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Pu'er, Qingdao, Rizhao, Sanming,[21] Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shangrao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Siem Reap, Singapore, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Tengchong, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Tongren, Ürümqi, Vientiane, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xinyang, Xishuangbanna, Yancheng, Yangon, Yantai, Yibin, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yiwu, Yongzhou, Yulin (Shaanxi), Yuncheng, Zhanjiang, Zhaotong, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
China Express Airlines Chongqing, Quzhou,[22] Tianjin, Wenshan, Yan'an[23]
China Southern Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Changchun, Changsha, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Haikou, Harbin, Jieyang, Jinan, Liuzhou,[24] Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Ürümqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
China United Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Lüliang,[25] Wenzhou
Chongqing Airlines Huizhou,[26] Mangshi[26]
Citilink Charter: Batam,[27] Manado
Dalian Airlines Dalian, Shiyan
Donghai Airlines Nantong, Shenzhen, Yichang
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou
GX Airlines Haikou
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changsha, Dalian, Haikou, Lanzhou, Shenzhen, Xi'an
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang
Juneyao Air Bijie, Hangzhou, Kuala Lumpur–International,[28] Nanjing, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Yueyang
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon (resumes 14 October 2024)[29]
Kunming Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital,[30] Changsha, Chengdu–Tianfu,[30] Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hanzhong,[30] Harbin, Huaihua,[30] Huizhou, Jinan, Jingzhou,[31] Linyi,[30] Mangshi, Nanjing, Nantong, Phuket, Qinhuangdao,[14] Quanzhou,[32] Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tengchong, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Yangzhou, Yulin (Shaanxi),[30] Zhengzhou, Zunyi–Maotai
Loong Air Changchun,[33] Hangzhou, Linyi,[33] Shenyang,[34] Xuzhou[34]
Lucky Air Anqing, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baoshan, Beijing–Capital, Cangyuan, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing,[35] Diqing, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei, Hohhot, Huai'an,[35] Jieyang, Jinan, Lancang, Lanzhou, Lhasa,[35] Mangshi, Mianyang, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Taiyuan, Tengchong, Ürümqi, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi,[35] Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining,[35] Xishuangbanna, Xuzhou, Yancheng,[35] Yichang, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Okay Airways Changsha, Hefei, Quanzhou,[32] Tianjin
Qingdao Airlines Changchun,[36] Chenzhou, Quanzhou, Tianjin[37]
Ruili Airlines Baotou,[38] Chengdu–Tianfu,[39] Dalian, Enshi, Ezhou, Fuzhou, Hangzhou,[40] Harbin, Hohhot,[41] Jiayuguan, Jinan,[40] Lanzhou, Mangshi, Nanyang, Nha Trang,[42] Ningbo,[13] Qingdao, Quanzhou,[40] Shenyang, Taiyuan, Tangshan,[43] Tianjin, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuhu,[40] Wuxi,[26] Xi'an, Xiangxi,[40] Xining, Zhoushan[40]
Scoot Singapore[44]
Shandong Airlines Jinan, Jingdezhen, Nanjing, Qingdao, Shenyang, Ürümqi, Xiamen, Yantai
Shanghai Airlines Changsha, Hengyang, Jieyang, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Xishuangbanna, Wenzhou, Zhengzhou
Shenzhen Airlines Guangzhou, Nanchang, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Yantai, Yuncheng, Zhengzhou
Sichuan Airlines Bazhong,[45] Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chengdu–Tianfu, Chongqing, Dalian, Dunhuang, Guangyuan, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hefei,[46] Jinan, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Linfen, Lijiang, Longyan, Mangshi, Nanchang, Nanjing, Ningbo, Qingdao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenyang, Tianjin, Ürümqi, Vientiane, Wanzhou, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Xuzhou, Zhengzhou
Spring Airlines Changde, Mangshi,[26] Ningbo, Qianjiang, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shijiazhuang, Yangzhou
Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Airways International Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Tianjin Airlines Changsha, Haikou, Tianjin, Xi'an
Tibet Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu,[47] Lhasa, Mangshi, Xi'an,[47] Yuncheng[47]
Urumqi Air Zhanjiang[48]
Vietnam Airlines Ho Chi Minh City[49]
West Air Hefei, Nanjing,[50] Zhengzhou
XiamenAir Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Xiamen
Baggage claim area

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
YTO Cargo AirlinesBengaluru,[51] Karachi,[52] Lahore

Ground transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

The airport is connected to Kunming by a 13 km (8.1 mi) toll highway known as the Airport Expressway, as well as Provincial Road S101.

Metro[edit]

Kunming Airport station, located within the airport, is the eastern terminus of Line 6 of the Kunming Metro. The line opened on the same day as the airport, and originally terminated at East Coach Station on its west side. Following the completion of Line 6 Phase 2 in September 2020, the line now has its western terminus at Tangzixiang station on the southern side of Kunming's city center.

Bus[edit]

There are several shuttle bus services available from the city centre.

Statistics[edit]

Annual traffic statistics at Kunming Changshui International Airport
Year Passengers % change Aircraft movements Cargo (tons)
2012[53] 23,979,259 Increase07.7% 201,338 262,272
2013[54] 29,688,297 Increase023.8% 255,546 293,628
2014[55] 32,230,883 Increase08.6% 270,529 316,672
2015 37,523,098 Increase016.4% 300,406 355,423
2016[56] 41,980,339 Increase011.9% 325,934 382,854
2017[57] 44,727,691 Increase06.5% 350,273 418,034
2018[58] 47,088,140 Increase05.3% 360,785 428,292
2019[59] 48,075,978 Increase02.1% 357,080 415,776.3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Shi Guanglin (史广林) (25 November 2008). 投资230亿 昆明将拥有国家大型门户枢纽机场 (in Chinese). Chinanews Yunnan. Retrieved 2012-08-05.[permanent dead link]
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  4. ^ 马玉佳. "Kunming airport collapse injures 11". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
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  6. ^ 昆明新机场规划设计创新 (in Chinese). 2010-05-08. Archived from the original on 2012-03-13.
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  11. ^ Batik Air Terbang dari Jakarta ke Kunming China Mulai 19 April 2023
  12. ^ "Batik Air Malaysia Additional Routes Launch in Feb 2024". Aeroroutes. 22 December 2023. Retrieved 22 December 2023.
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  15. ^ a b "1月26日起,金娅机场这些航班加密". Retrieved 29 February 2024.
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External links[edit]