Kunnamkulam

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Kunnamkulam
Kunnamkulangara
Coordinates: 10°39′N 76°05′E / 10.65°N 76.08°E / 10.65; 76.08Coordinates: 10°39′N 76°05′E / 10.65°N 76.08°E / 10.65; 76.08
Country  India
State Kerala
District Thrissur District
Area
 • Total 34.18 km2 (13.20 sq mi)
Elevation 57 m (187 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 54,071
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 680503

Kunnamkulam is a taluk and municipal town situated in the Thrissur District of Kerala in India.

History[edit]

Traditionally it is believed that a cross was installed by Thomas the Apostle, at Chattukulangara (a part of Arthat in Kunnamkulam). During the invasion of Tippu Sultan, the Christians from Chattakulangara migrated to Kunnamkulam town.[1] Kunnamkulam Municipal area was the headquarters of Talappilly taluk up to AD1860.

Geography[edit]

Kunnamkulam is located at 10°39′N 76°05′E / 10.65°N 76.08°E / 10.65; 76.08.[2] It has an average elevation of 57 metres (187 feet). It is around 23 km from Thrissur City and 10 km from Guruvayur. It is located on the route connecting Thrissur, Kochi to North Kerala.

Government[edit]

The Kunnamkulam Municipality was formed as an IVth grade Municipality in the year 1948. The Municipality had an area of 6.96 km2 and is divided into 31 electoral wards. In 2000, it was further upgraded to a Grade-II Municipality by merging adjoining panchayats of Arthat (full) and panchayats of Porkulam and Chowwannur (parts). The original area of the municipality was 7 km2 which is now increased to 34.18 km2. Earlier, there were only 16 municipal wards. The municipality extended its area in 2001 and now has 31 wards. The Total population then was 51,585 of which 24,396 were males and 27,189 females, with the density of population being 2,824 per km2.[3] Kunnamkulam assembly constituency is part of Alathoor (Lok Sabha Constituency). Earlier, it was part of the Ottapalam Constituency.[4]

Economy[edit]

Kunnamkulam region witness a number of traditional, informal and household manufacturing activities. It comprises mainly the creation of rock-cut products, candles, metallic and clay utensils, screw-rings and screw-hooks and paper-based products. Among these, the manufacturing of paper-based products is the bandwagon of these activities for which Kunnamkulam has a unique place in the state. The different paper-based products include, exercise books, X’mas stars, greetings card, paper files, envelopes, cartons and millboards. Printing and binding are the related activities.[5]

Culture[edit]

Kadavallur, Chowannur and Arthat, the nearby places of Kunnamkulam had a rich cultural background. Kadavallur is well known throughout this coast as being the place where Nambudiris of the Thrissur and Tirunavaya Yogams compete for superiority in Vedic proficiency. In Chowannur, there was a Sabha Madom, an endowed college where Sanskrit education was given. Arthat was the chief center of Orthodox Christians. The Arthat St. Mary's Cathedral Church(Arthat Valliyapally) is the main church in the town. All these contributed a cultural rising up in the area which later on helped the development of the publishing industry. These published books were sold during Guruvayur Ekadasi. When the temple was open to all Hindus and a good amount of trade taken place at that time.[5]

A particular residential replica "line houses" (angadi pura (veeducal)), is seen in Kunnamkulam area. The streets of these houses are exceedingly narrow. The "Line Houses" are built in 3–5 cents of land on both sides of the street. The front room of the house functions as a shop while the rear room was used for residential purposes. There used to be rear yards for every so called "Angadi pura" (town house) which was used for processing of their agricultural products.[1][5][6]

Kunnamkulam angadi

Archeology[edit]

  • Roman coins of Eyyal: Archeologists have unearthed a collection of old Roman coins at Eyyal. These coins date from 123 AC to 117 AD. They are currently exhibited in the Archeological Museum of Thrissur.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Urban Observatory". Town & country planning organization. Retrieved 2010-12-04. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kunnamkulam
  3. ^ "Profile". Janasevana Kendram. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  4. ^ Ottapalam Constituency website
  5. ^ a b c "The problems and prospects of paper-based industry in Kunnamkulam". Rajeev G. Retrieved 2010-12-04. 
  6. ^ "Kunnamkulam PinCode". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  7. ^ "Keralathile Sthalanama Charithram" of Sri. V. V. Valath, and "Makothai Pattanam" written by Sri V. T. Induchoodan, in the Mathrubhumi Annual, 1970.