Kunohe, Iwate

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Kunohe
九戸村
Village
Kunohe Village Hall
Kunohe Village Hall
Flag of Kunohe
Flag
Official seal of Kunohe
Seal
Location of Kunohe in Iwate Prefecture
Location of Kunohe in Iwate Prefecture
Kunohe is located in Japan
Kunohe
Kunohe
 
Coordinates: 40°12′40.9″N 141°25′8.3″E / 40.211361°N 141.418972°E / 40.211361; 141.418972Coordinates: 40°12′40.9″N 141°25′8.3″E / 40.211361°N 141.418972°E / 40.211361; 141.418972
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Iwate
District Kunohe
Area
 • Total 134.02 km2 (51.75 sq mi)
Population (October 2016)
 • Total 5,780
 • Density 43.1/km2 (112/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City symbols  
• Tree Japanese red pine
• Flower Rhododendron
• Bird Copper pheasant
Phone number 0195-42-2111
Address Ihonai dai-10 jiwari 11-6, Kunohe-mura, Kunohe-gun, Iwate 028-6502
Website Official website
ricefields in Kunohe

Kunohe (九戸村?, Kunohe-mura) is a village located in Kunohe District, Iwate Prefecture, in the Tōhoku region of northern Japan. As of 28 February 2017, the village had an estimated population of 5,780 and a population density of 43.1 persons per km2. The total area of the village was 134.05 square kilometres (51.76 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Kunohe is located in north-central Iwate Prefecture, within the Kitakami Mountains, in the river valley of the Niida River. Over 70 percent of the village area is covered by mountains and forests.[1] Portions of the village are within the borders of the Oritsume Basenkyō Prefectural Natural Park.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Kunohe has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa ) characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Kunohe is 8.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1280 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 22.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around -3.2 °C.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Kunohe has declined steadily over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 8,775
1980 8,496
1990 7,985
2000 7,324
2010 6,510

History[edit]

The area of present-day Kunohe was part of ancient Mutsu Province, ddominated by the Nambu clan from the Muromachi period, and part of Hachinohe Domain under the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate. During the early Meiji period, the villages of Toda, Ibonai and Esashika were created within Kita-Kunohe District on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Kita-Kunohe District and Minami-Kunohe Districts merged to form Kunohe District on April 1, 1897. The three villages merged to form the modern village of Kunohe on April 1, 1955.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Kunohe is based on agriculture, the production of charcoal and animal husbandry, primarily poultry.

Education[edit]

Kunohe has five public elementary schools and one public middle school operated by the village government. There is one public high school operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Kunohe is not served by any passenger train routes.

Highway[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Kunohe, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons