|Established||1661; 359 years ago|
Its lineage extends back to the Amerbach Cabinet, which included a collection of works by Hans Holbein purchased by the city of Basel and the University of Basel in 1661, which made it the first municipally owned and therefore open to the public museum in the world. Its collection is distinguished by an impressively wide historic span, from the early 15th century up to the immediate present. Its various areas of emphasis give it international standing as one of the most significant museums of its kind. These encompass: paintings and drawings by artists active in the Upper Rhine region between 1400 and 1600, and on the art of the 19th to 21st centuries.
The Kunstmuseum possesses the largest collection of works by the Holbein family. Further examples of Renaissance art include important pieces by such masters as Konrad Witz, Hans Baldung (called Grien), Martin Schongauer, Lucas Cranach the Elder and Mathias Grünewald. The main features of the 17th and 18th centuries are the Flemish and Dutch schools (e.g. Peter Paul Rubens, Rembrandt, Jan Brueghel the Elder), German and Dutch still life painting. Key works from the 19th century include the Impressionists represented by Édouard Manet, Edmond Jean de Pury, Claude Monet, Paul Gauguin, Paul Cézanne as well as the paintings by Vincent van Gogh and Switzerland's Arnold Böcklin and Ferdinand Hodler. In the 20th century, the focus is on works of Cubism with Picasso, Braque and Juan Gris. Expressionism is represented by such figures as Edvard Munch, Franz Marc, Oskar Kokoschka and Emil Nolde. The collection also includes works from Constructivism, Dadaism and Surrealism and American art since 1950. Further highlights are the unique compilations of works from Pablo Picasso, Fernand Léger, Paul Klee, Alberto Giacometti and Marc Chagall.
In the realm of more recent and contemporary art, the collection maintains substantial bodies of work by Swiss, German, Italian, and American artists, including Joseph Beuys, Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, Georg Baselitz, A.R. Penck, Brice Marden, Bruce Nauman, Jonathan Borofsky, Roni Horn, Francesco Clemente, Mimmo Paladino, Enzo Cucchi, Martin Disler, Leiko Ikemura, Markus Raetz, Rosemarie Trockel and Robert Gober.
In 1671 the city of Basel decided to make the art collection of the Amerbach cabinet accessible to the public. The collection was exhibited in the House zur Mücke near the Munster of Basel and could be accessed by the public twice a week. In 1823 the public collection was joined with the before private Faesch Museum established by Remigius Faesch and in 1849 the collection moved into a larger building also near the Munster of Basel. In 1936 the Museum moved to the current location.
In the year of 1939 a large body of work by German-Jewish artists, whose paintings were considered to be degenerate art by the Nazi-Regime in Germany could be saved by the Kunstmuseum, were brought to Switzerland and are on display in the museum up to this day. In 1980 the Museum joined forces with the Museum for Contemporary Art, which displays artworks from the 1960s onwards. It was the first museum focused on contemporary art at the time.
The Kunstmuseum's current and main building was designed and constructed 1931-1936 by architects Paul Bonatz and Rudolf Christ, adjacent to the former building of the Swiss National Bank in Basel. In 1980, a building beside the Rhine in St.Alban neighborhood was added as an additional location of the Kunstmuseum.
In 2008, the museum acquired land on the other side of Dufourstrasse and an architectural competition was held. With international star competitors, such as five Pritzker Prize laureates (Peter Zumthor, Zaha Hadid, Rafael Moneo, Tadao Ando and Jean Nouvel) — all pitching, eventually a young local firm, Christ & Gantenbein, won the project. The final design is an angled building, faced with concrete bricks, and at the same height as the original museum. The new building is joined with the main building through an underpass.
The extension adds 2,750 square meters of galleries, to a total of nearly 10,000 square meters. The original museum now houses art from the 15th century to 1950, with later works in the extension. The upper floor of the new building houses temporary exhibitions and the middle floor and part of the ground floor the permanent collection.
In 2019, the Kunstmuseum had 265,000 visitors.
Hans Holbein the Younger, Portrait of Erasmus of Rotterdam (1523)
Lucas Cranach the Elder, Madonna with child (1529)
Albert Anker, Sleeping boy in the hay (1897)
Vincent van Gogh, Marguerite Gachet at the Piano (1890)
Paul Gauguin, Ta matete (The market) (1892)
Pablo Picasso, Les deux frères (The two brothers) (1905-06)
Paul Cézanne, Le Cabanon de Jourdan (1916)
Juan Gris, La femme à la mandoline (Woman with Mandolin) (1916)
The Plague by Arnold Böcklin (1898)
Paul Klee, Senecio (1922)
Theo van Doesburg, Composition (1923-1924)
- List of paintings in collection
- Raoul Albert La Roche, Swiss art collector and donator
- Louise Bachofen-Burckhardt, Swiss art collector and donator
- Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance (1995), p. 53.
- "Kunstmuseum Basel - Geschichte der Sammlung". kunstmuseumbasel.ch (in German). Retrieved 2021-04-19.
- Dieffenbacher, Christoph. "Geschichte - Vom Geld und von der Kunst". St.Galler Tagblatt (in German). Retrieved 2021-05-17.
- Cilento, Karen (21 December 2009). Kunstmuseum Extension / Christ & Gantenbein (competition project design), ArchDaily.
- Bailey, Martin (20 June 2014). A tale of two extensions The Art Newspaper.
- Kunstmuseum Basel / Christ & Gantenbein (See the project in full here), ArchDaily, 21 April 2016
- Patrick Lynch, At Kunstmuseum Basel, iart Creates a Frieze with a Technological Twist, ArchDaily, 13 May 2016
- Gerny, Daniel (30 January 2015). "Mäzenin ermöglicht Erweiterungsbau". Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
- "Neubau Kunstmuseum Basel - Architekturprojekte - baudokumentation.ch". www.baudokumentation.ch. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
- "Our three venues". kunstmuseumbasel.ch. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
- Basel's Kunstmuseum - New and Improved, Basel Life, April 2016
- Herzog, Andres (15 April 2016). "Basler Symphonie in Grau" [Basel Symphony in Gray]. Tages-Anzeiger (in German). Retrieved 15 June 2020.
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