Location of Kuntsevo District in Moscow
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In the 18th century, a palace and a park were built; they were often visited by the Empress Catherine II. Kuntsevo is the site of the Church of Theotokos Orans. In the 19th century, Kuntsevo became a summer resort for the Muscovites. A summer theater was opened in 1890. Artists and writers lived and worked in Kuntsevo; among them Nikolay Karamzin, Ivan Turgenev, Vasily Perov, and Ivan Kramskoy.
Kuntsevo became a town in its own right in 1926. In 1960, it became a part of Moscow. Now a district of Moscow, it contains many factories, residential areas, and has a well-connected infrastructure. Kuntsevo is reported to be the location of the Strategic Missile Command center.
The district has two metro stations: Molodyozhnaya on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line and Kuntsevskaya on the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya and the Filevskaya Line. Strogino metro station in neighboring Strogino District serves parts of the Myakinino area of the Kuntsevo district.
The Myakinino area is also served by bus number 638 that goes from to Shchukinskaya metro station via Strogino. From Rublevo buses:
- 127 Rublevo – Kotsyubyns'kogo Street (to Molodyozhnaya metro station)
- 129 Myakinino – Carpool General Staff (to Krylatskoye metro station )
- 626 3rd district Strogina – Molodyozhnaya metro station
Part of the southern boundary of the district is the Moscow to Smolensk Main Line main railway toward Belarus. Commuter stations on this line connect with the Belorussky railway station in Moscow. Heading west on the mainline, commuter trains go to Golitsyno, Moscow Oblast, Kubinka and Mozhaysk. The branch line to Usovo and the freight-only line to Rublevo leave the mainline in Kuntsevo district at Rabochiy Posolok.
Soviet leaders started to settle in Kuntsevo in the 1920s. Joseph Stalin instructed his architect, Miron Merzhanov, to build him a dacha on the bank of the Moskva River and moved there in 1934. With his move other members of the Soviet elite had their dachas built in the surroundings. Stalin conducted much of his business from his Blizhnyaya Dacha (Ближняя дача) ("nearby dacha"). It was heavily protected and included a double-perimeter fence, camouflaged 30-millimeter antiaircraft guns, and a security force of three hundred NKVD special troops. Stalin died at the dacha on March 5, 1953.
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
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- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
- Stephen Lovell (2003). Summerfolk: A History of the Dacha. Cornell University Press. p. 153f. ISBN 978-0-8014-4071-7.