|Native to||Chile, Peru, Bolivia|
Kunza is an extinct language isolate once spoken in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile and southern Peru by the Atacama people, who have since shifted to Spanish. The last speaker was documented in 1949.
Other names and spellings include Cunza, Likanantaí, Lipe, Ulipe, and Atacameño.
Unattested varieties listed by Loukotka (1968):
- Atacameño of Bolivia - spoken in a small village on the frontier of Potosí Department, Bolivia, and Antofagasta Province of Chile
- Lipe (Olipe) - extinct language once spoken south of the Salar de Uyuni, Potosí Department, Bolivia
Kaufman (1990) found a proposed connection between Kunza and the likewise unclassified Kapixaná to be plausible; however, the language was more fully described in 2004, and the general consensus among linguists was that both languages are isolates.
|Close||i iː||u uː|
|Mid||e eː||(ə)||o oː|
- Jolkesky, Marcelo Pinho de Valhery (2016). Estudo arqueo-ecolinguístico das terras tropicais sul-americanas (Ph.D. dissertation) (2 ed.). Brasília: University of Brasília.
- Adelaar, Willem; Muysken, Pieter (2004). The Languages of the Andes. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 380.