Kupsabiny language

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Uganda map de.png
Uganda, where Kupsabiny is spoken
Native to Uganda
Ethnicity Sebei
Native speakers
181,000 (2002 census)
Latin script
Language codes
ISO 639-3 kpz
Glottolog kups1238[1]

Kupsabiny (Sabiny), or Sebei, is a Kalenjin language of eastern Uganda.


Kupsabiny and a dozen other languages form the Southern Nilotic branch of the Nilotic family. The closest relative of Kupsabiny is Sabaot, spoken across the border in Kenya.[2]


There are about 180,000 people in the world who currently speak the language, most of them being native speakers of it. The number of speakers is currently growing and the language is considered developing.[3] Although the language is spoken primarily by Sebei people, it is taught in many primary schools and even beyond to boost communication levels.


The language of Kupsabiny is solely spoken in Uganda. The native speakers of the language are the Sebei people, an ethnic group who live in Uganda. Kupsabiny is a Nilotic language; along with many other languages of the Nilotic peoples. The language is highly tonal. There are 9 vowels and 14 consonants. The language is written with Latin script since 1975 (revised in 2010). Kupsabiny is taught in primary schools and is backed by literacy campaigns to help aid with communication across Uganda.[4]


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kupsabiny". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ Distefano, John Albert (1985). The precolonial history of the Kalenjin of Kenya: a methodological comparison of linguistic and oral traditional evidence. 
  3. ^ "Where on earth do they speak Kupsabiny?". www.verbix.com. Retrieved 2016-10-25. 
  4. ^ "Kupsapiiny". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2016-10-25.