Kupwara district

Coordinates: 34°37′N 74°13′E / 34.617°N 74.217°E / 34.617; 74.217
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Kupwara district
District of Jammu and Kashmir administered by India[1]
Bangus Valley in Kupwara
Bangus Valley in Kupwara
Interactive map of Kupwara district
Kupwara district is in Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir in the disputed Kashmir region[1] It is in the Kashmir division (bordered in neon blue).
Kupwara district is in Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir in the disputed Kashmir region[1] It is in the Kashmir division (bordered in neon blue).
Coordinates (Kupwara): 34°37′N 74°13′E / 34.617°N 74.217°E / 34.617; 74.217
Administering countryIndia
Union TerritoryJammu and Kashmir
DivisionKashmir Division
 • Lok Sabha ConstituencyBaramulla
 • MP[2]Mohammad Akbar Lone
 • Vidhan Sabha Constituencies6 : Karnah, Trehgam , Kupwara, Lolab, Handwara and Langate
 • Total2,379 km2 (919 sq mi)
 • Urban
47.3 km2 (18.3 sq mi)
 • Rural
2,331.7 km2 (900.3 sq mi)
 • Total870,354
 • Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
 • Literacy[6]64.51%
 • Sex ratio[6]835 / 1000
 • OfficialKashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Dogri, English
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK-09
Major highways NH 701

Kupwara district is an administrative district of Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir in the disputed Kashmir region.[1] It is one of the 10 districts located in the Kashmir Valley Division of Indian administered Kashmir. The Pohru River (originating in Lolab Valley and flowing from east to west) and Mawar river are two main rivers in the district. Both of them meet Jhelum river in Baramulla district.[9]


The district was carved out of the erstwhile Baramulla district in 1979 with Kupwara Town as the district headquarters.[10]


Kupwara district has a total area of 2,379 square kilometres (919 sq mi). The district is bordered by Bandipora district in the east, Baramulla district to the south and Pakistan administered Jammu and Kashmir to the north and west. The district is mostly rural/agricultural.

Adjacent districts[edit]


Most of the people depend on agriculture and horticulture. There is a good production and business of walnuts in Kupwara.[11]

Department of horticulture have developed high density walnut nursery in Kupwara[12]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

According to the 2011 census Kupwara district has a population of 870,354.[4] This gives it a ranking of 470th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 368 inhabitants per square kilometre (950/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 34.62%. Kupwara has a sex ratio of 843 females for every 1000 males (this varies with religion), and a literacy rate of 75.60% Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 0.12% and 8.08% of the population respectively.[citation needed]

Religion in Kupwara district (2011)[14][5]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

Languages of Kupwara district (2011)[4]

  Kashmiri (71.11%)
  Pahari (14.12%)
  Gojri (9.21%)
  Hindi (2.70%)
  Others (2.86%)

Sex Ratio in Kupwara District in 2011 Census.
(no. females per 1,000 males)
Religion (and population) Sex Ratio
Muslim (pop 823,286)
Hindu (pop 37,128)
Sikh (pop 5,600)
Other (pop 1,818)
Not stated (pop 2,522)
Total (pop 870,354)
Kupwara district: religion, gender ratio, and % urban of population, according to the 2011 Census.[5]
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Not stated Total
Total 37,128 823,286 1,700 5,600 66 39 13 2,522 870,354
4.27% 94.59% 0.20% 0.64% 0.01% 0.00% 0.00% 0.29% 100.00%
Male 36,057 430,521 1,215 4,821 51 28 9 1,488 474,190
Female 1,071 392,765 485 779 15 11 4 1,034 396,164
Gender ratio (% female) 2.9% 47.7% 28.5% 13.9% 22.7% 28.2% 30.8% 41.0% 45.5%
Sex ratio
(no. of females per 1,000 males)
30 912 399 162 695 835
Urban 9,460 93,355 369 1,123 20 6 8 388 104,729
Rural 27,668 729,931 1,331 4,477 46 33 5 2,134 765,625
% Urban 25.5% 11.3% 21.7% 20.1% 30.3% 15.4% 61.5% 15.4% 12.0%

At the time of the 2011 census, 71.11% of the population spoke Kashmiri, 14.12% Pahari, 9.21% Gujari and 2.70% Hindi as their first language. Urdu is widely-spoken as a second language.[4]

Notable people[edit]



The nearest airport is Sheikh ul-Alam International Airport in Srinagar located 87 kilometres from district headquarters Kupwara. There are plans to construct an airport in Panzgam.[15]


Kupwara district is not yet connected to railways. There are plans to extend the Jammu–Baramulla line up to Kupwara in the near future.[16] The nearest railway station is Baramulla railway station located 45 kilometres from Kupwara.


Kupwara is well-connected with roads and highways. The NH 701 passes through Kupwara district alongside other intra-district roads.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c The application of the term "administered" to the various regions of Kashmir and a mention of the Kashmir dispute is supported by the tertiary sources (a) through (d), reflecting due weight in the coverage. Although "controlled" and "held" are also applied neutrally to the names of the disputants or to the regions administered by them, as evidenced in sources (f) through (h) below, "held" is also considered politicized usage, as is the term "occupied," (see (i) below).
    (a) Kashmir, region Indian subcontinent, Encyclopaedia Britannica, retrieved 15 August 2019 (subscription required) Quote: "Kashmir, region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent ... has been the subject of dispute between India and Pakistan since the partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947. The northern and western portions are administered by Pakistan and comprise three areas: Azad Kashmir, Gilgit, and Baltistan, the last two being part of a territory called the Northern Areas. Administered by India are the southern and southeastern portions, which constitute the state of Jammu and Kashmir but are slated to be split into two union territories.";
    (b) Pletcher, Kenneth, Aksai Chin, Plateau Region, Asia, Encyclopaedia Britannica, retrieved 16 August 2019 (subscription required) Quote: "Aksai Chin, Chinese (Pinyin) Aksayqin, portion of the Kashmir region, at the northernmost extent of the Indian subcontinent in south-central Asia. It constitutes nearly all the territory of the Chinese-administered sector of Kashmir that is claimed by India to be part of the Ladakh area of Jammu and Kashmir state.";
    (c) "Kashmir", Encyclopedia Americana, Scholastic Library Publishing, 2006, p. 328, ISBN 978-0-7172-0139-6 C. E Bosworth, University of Manchester Quote: "KASHMIR, kash'mer, the northernmost region of the Indian subcontinent, administered partlv by India, partly by Pakistan, and partly by China. The region has been the subject of a bitter dispute between India and Pakistan since they became independent in 1947";
    (d) Osmańczyk, Edmund Jan (2003), Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements: G to M, Taylor & Francis, pp. 1191–, ISBN 978-0-415-93922-5 Quote: "Jammu and Kashmir: Territory in northwestern India, subject to a dispute betw een India and Pakistan. It has borders with Pakistan and China."
    (e) Talbot, Ian (2016), A History of Modern South Asia: Politics, States, Diasporas, Yale University Press, pp. 28–29, ISBN 978-0-300-19694-8 Quote: "We move from a disputed international border to a dotted line on the map that represents a military border not recognized in international law. The line of control separates the Indian and Pakistani administered areas of the former Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir.";
    (f) Kashmir, region Indian subcontinent, Encyclopaedia Britannica, retrieved 15 August 2019 (subscription required) Quote: "... China became active in the eastern area of Kashmir in the 1950s and has controlled the northeastern part of Ladakh (the easternmost portion of the region) since 1962.";
    (g) Bose, Sumantra (2009), Kashmir: Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace, Harvard University Press, pp. 294, 291, 293, ISBN 978-0-674-02855-5 Quote: "J&K: Jammu and Kashmir. The former princely state that is the subject of the Kashmir dispute. Besides IJK (Indian-controlled Jammu and Kashmir. The larger and more populous part of the former princely state. It has a population of slightly over 10 million, and comprises three regions: Kashmir Valley, Jammu, and Ladakh.) and AJK ('Azad" (Free) Jammu and Kashmir. The more populous part of Pakistani-controlled J&K, with a population of approximately 2.5 million. AJK has six districts: Muzaffarabad, Mirpur, Bagh, Kodi, Rawalakot, and Poonch. Its capital is the town of Muzaffarabad. AJK has its own institutions, but its political life is heavily controlled by Pakistani authorities, especially the military), it includes the sparsely populated "Northern Areas" of Gilgit and Baltistan, remote mountainous regions which are directly administered, unlike AJK, by the Pakistani central authorities, and some high-altitude uninhabitable tracts under Chinese control."
    (h) Fisher, Michael H. (2018), An Environmental History of India: From Earliest Times to the Twenty-First Century, Cambridge University Press, p. 166, ISBN 978-1-107-11162-2 Quote: "Kashmir’s identity remains hotly disputed with a UN-supervised “Line of Control” still separating Pakistani-held Azad (“Free”) Kashmir from Indian-held Kashmir.";
    (i) Snedden, Christopher (2015), Understanding Kashmir and Kashmiris, Oxford University Press, p. 10, ISBN 978-1-84904-621-3 Quote:"Some politicised terms also are used to describe parts of J&K. These terms include the words 'occupied' and 'held'."
  2. ^ "Lok Sabha Members". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  3. ^ District Census Handbook Kupwara, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. p. 7. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Kupwara, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 11, 12. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Jammu and Kashmir". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  5. ^ a b c "Table C-16 Population by Religion: Jammu and Kashmir". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  6. ^ a b "Kupwara district Census 2011" (PDF). Govt of India Census. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  7. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  8. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Archived from the original on 24 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly created districts, as on 31-03-2008" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 September 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2008. dated 2008-03-13, accessed 30 August 2008
  10. ^ "Kupwara: Brief History, Places of Attraction". The Dispatch. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  11. ^ Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  12. ^ "Horticulture deptt to develop high density walnut nursery in Kupwara". Greater Kashmir. 20 April 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  13. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  14. ^ "Kupwara district Population". Census India. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  15. ^ "Centre plans to build 11 new airports in J&K, 2 in Ladakh". Kashmir Life. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  16. ^ "J&K gets ₹3,848-cr Baramulla-Kupwara railroad project". NBMCW. Retrieved 12 July 2021.

External links[edit]