Kupwara district

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Kupwara district
Kopwor
Bangus Valley in Kupwara
Bangus Valley in Kupwara
Kupwara district in Jammu and Kashmir
Kupwara district in Jammu and Kashmir
CountryIndia
Union TerritoryJammu and Kashmir
DivisionKashmir Division
HeadquartersKupwara
Government
 • Lok Sabha ConstituencyBaramulla
 • MP[1]Mohammad Akbar Lone, JKNC
 • Vidhan Sabha Constituencies5 : Karnah, Kupwara, Lolab, Handwara and Langate
Area
 • Total2,379 km2 (919 sq mi)
 • Urban
47.3 km2 (18.3 sq mi)
 • Rural
2,331.7 km2 (900.3 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[3][4]
 • Total870,354
 • Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
 • Urban
104,729
 • Rural
765,625
Demographics
 • Literacy[5]64.51%
 • Sex ratio[5]835 / 1000
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Dogri, English
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK-09
Major highways NH 701
Websitekupwara.nic.in

Kupwara district, Kupwara is one of the 10 districts located in the Kashmir Valley region of Jammu and Kashmir, India. The talri river( originating in lolab valley and flowing from east to west) and Mawar river are two main rivers in the district. Both of them meet Jhelum river in Baramulla district.[8]

History[edit]

The district was carved out of the erstwhile Baramulla district in 1979 with Kupwara as the district headquarters.[9]

Geography[edit]

Kupwara district has a total area of 2,379 square kilometres (919 sq mi). The district is bordered by Bandipora district in the east, Baramulla district to the south and Pakistan administered Jammu and Kashmir to the north and west. The district is mostly rural/agricultural.

Adjacent districts[edit]

Economy[edit]

Most of the people depend on agriculture and horticulture. There is a good production and business of walnuts in Kupwara.[10]

Department of horticulture have developed high density walnut nursery in Kupwara[11]

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Kupwara district (2011)[12][4]
Religion Percent
Islam
94.59%
Hinduism
4.27%
Other or not stated
1.14%
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901110,979—    
1911124,744+1.18%
1921137,936+1.01%
1931153,758+1.09%
1941170,079+1.01%
1951187,076+0.96%
1961204,073+0.87%
1971257,824+2.37%
1981328,743+2.46%
1991465,948+3.55%
2001650,393+3.39%
2011870,354+2.96%
source:[13]

Languages of Kupwara district (2011)[3]

  Kashmiri (71.11%)
  Pahari (14.12%)
  Gojri (9.21%)
  Urdu (2.72%)
  Others (2.84%)

According to the 2011 census Kupwara district has a population of 870,354.[3] This gives it a ranking of 470th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 368 inhabitants per square kilometre (950/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 34.62%. Kupwara has a sex ratio of 843 females for every 1000 males (this varies with religion), and a literacy rate of 75.60%.[citation needed]

Sex Ratio in Kupwara District in 2011 Census.
(no. females per 1,000 males)
Religion (and population) Sex Ratio
Muslim (pop 823,286)
912
Hindu (pop 37,128)
30
Sikh (pop 5,600)
162
Other (pop 1,818)
395
Not stated (pop 2,522)
695
Total (pop 870,354)
835
Kupwara district: religion, gender ratio, and % urban of population, according to the 2011 Census.[4]
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Not stated Total
Total 37,128 823,286 1,700 5,600 66 39 13 2,522 870,354
4.27% 94.59% 0.20% 0.64% 0.01% 0.00% 0.00% 0.29% 100.00%
Male 36,057 430,521 1,215 4,821 51 28 9 1,488 474,190
Female 1,071 392,765 485 779 15 11 4 1,034 396,164
Gender ratio (% female) 2.9% 47.7% 28.5% 13.9% 22.7% 28.2% 30.8% 41.0% 45.5%
Sex ratio
(no. of females per 1,000 males)
30 912 399 162 695 835
Urban 9,460 93,355 369 1,123 20 6 8 388 104,729
Rural 27,668 729,931 1,331 4,477 46 33 5 2,134 765,625
% Urban 25.5% 11.3% 21.7% 20.1% 30.3% 15.4% 61.5% 15.4% 12.0%

At the time of the 2011 census, 71.11% of the population spoke Kashmiri, 14.12% Pahari, 9.21% Gujari and 2.72% Urdu as their first language. Also as second, Urdu is spoken by rest of the people.[3]

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

The nearest airport is Sheikh ul-Alam International Airport in Srinagar located 102 kilometres from district headquarters Kupwara. There are plans to construct an airport in Panzgam.[14]

Rail[edit]

Kupwara district is not yet connected to railways. There are plans to extend the Jammu–Baramulla line up to Kupwara in the near future.[15] The nearest railway station is Baramulla railway station located 45 kilometres from Kupwara.

Road[edit]

Kupwara is well-connected with roads and highways. The NH 701 passes through Kupwara district alongside other intra-district roads.

Sports[edit]

Notable athletes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lok Sabha Members". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  2. ^ District Census Handbook Kupwara, Part A (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). July 2016. p. 7. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
    District Census Handbook Kupwara, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. pp. 11, 12. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  4. ^ a b c C-1 Population By Religious Community – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Kupwara district Census 2011" (PDF). Govt of India Census. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  6. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  8. ^ "Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly created districts, as on 31-03-2008" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 September 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2008. dated 2008-03-13, accessed 2008-08-30
  9. ^ "Kupwara: Brief History, Places of Attraction". The Dispatch. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  10. ^ Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  11. ^ "Horticulture deptt to develop high density walnut nursery in Kupwara". Greater Kashmir. 20 April 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
  12. ^ "Kupwara district Population". Census India. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  13. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  14. ^ "Centre plans to build 11 new airports in J&K, 2 in Ladakh". Kashmir Life. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  15. ^ "J&K gets ₹3,848-cr Baramulla-Kupwara railroad project". NBMCW. Retrieved 12 July 2021.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°31′12″N 74°15′00″E / 34.52000°N 74.25000°E / 34.52000; 74.25000