Kurī

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Kurī
ChiefsWithKuri1828.jpg
Origin New Zealand
Breed status Extinct
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

Kurī is the Māori language name for the Polynesian dog. It was introduced to New Zealand by Māori during their migrations from East Polynesia sometime around 1280 AD. It was used by Māori as a food source.[1] In addition, they used the skins and fur to make dog-skin cloaks (Kahu kurī),[2] belts,[3] decorating weapons,[4][5] and poi.[6]

The kurī became extinct in New Zealand some time after the arrival of European settlers. The remains of the last known specimens, a female and her pup, are now in the collection of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.[7][8]

According to Māori tradition, the demigod Māui transformed his brother-in-law Irawaru into the first dog.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'DOG, MAORI', from An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand, edited by A. H. McLintock, originally published in 1966". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 22-Apr-09. Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 5 March 2007. 
  2. ^ "Kahu kuri (dog skin cloak)". Collections Online. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Retrieved 20 July 2010. 
  3. ^ "Tatua (belt)". Collections Online. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Retrieved 20 July 2010. 
  4. ^ "Edged Weapons with dogskin in the Taonga Māori Collection". Collections Online. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Retrieved 20 July 2010. 
  5. ^ "Edged Weapons with dog hair in the Taonga Māori Collection". Collections Online. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Retrieved 20 July 2010. 
  6. ^ "Poi awe (percussive device)". Collections Online. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Retrieved 20 July 2010. 
  7. ^ "Canis lupus familiaris". Collections Online. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Retrieved 20 July 2010. 
  8. ^ Best, Elsdon (1924). The Maori. 1. Wellington: The Polynesian Society. pp. 433–435. OCLC 222243473. 
  9. ^ Luomala, Katharine (1958). "Polynesian Myths about Maui and the Dog". Fabula. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. 2 (1): 139–162. doi:10.1515/fabl.1959.2.1.139. OCLC 4958364642. 

Further reading[edit]