Qurabiya

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Qurabiya
Ghorabiyeh.JPG
Qurabiya of Tabriz
Type Shortbread
Place of origin  Iran
Region or state Iranian Azerbaijan
Main ingredients Almond flour, sugar, egg white, vanilla
Variations Kourabiedes, mantecado, polvorón, pan de polvo
Similar dishes
Cookbook: Qurabiya  Media: Qurabiya

Qurabiya (Azerbaijani: قورابیه Qurabiyə, Turkish: Kurabiye, Arabic: غرّيبة‎, Albanian: Kurabie, Bosnian Gurabija, Greek: κουραμπιές, Bulgarian: курабия, Persian: قرابیه‎‎), is a shortbread-type biscuit originating from Tabriz (one of the major cities of Iran), usually made with ground almonds.

History[edit]

Kurabiye appears in the Ottoman cuisine in the 15th century and the word's origin may be Turkish (p. 259 of the source).[1]

Regional variations[edit]

Iran[edit]

In Tabriz, they are made of almond flour, sugar, egg white, vanilla, margarine and pistachio. It is served with tea, customarily placed on top of the teacup to make it soft before eating.

Greece[edit]

Kourabiedes

Kourabiedes or kourabiethes (Greek: κουραμπιέδες) resemble a light shortbread, typically made with almonds. Kourabiedes are sometimes made with brandy, usually Metaxa, for flavouring, though vanilla, mastika or rose water are also popular. In some regions of Greece, Christmas kourabiedes are adorned with a single whole spice clove embedded in each biscuit.[2][citation needed] Kourabiedes are shaped either into crescents or balls, then baked till slightly golden. They are usually rolled in icing sugar while still hot, forming a rich butter-sugar coating.[3] Kourabiedes are especially popular for special occasions, such as Christmas or baptisms.

Bulgaria[edit]

Kurabii name of the Bulgarian cuisine and the many varieties of cookie, a popular sweet variety. Especially during the holiday season, and a variety of jams produced via the new year with powdered sugar cookies decorated with cute shapes are called maslenki.

Spain[edit]

Two halves of a polvorón

Polvorón is a type of Andalusian shortbread popular in Spain and some former Spanish colonies such as the Philippines during Christmas. Polvorones are made of flour, sugar, milk, and nuts, but they also include pig fat. They were traditionally produced for the Christmas season from September to January but are now often available year-round. There are about 70 factories in Andalusia that are part of a syndicate that produce polvorones and mantecados.

Americas[edit]

In Mexico, there are some cookies traditionally served at weddings and celebrations. The cookies, not called qurabiya, are small rolls usually made with pecans. They are known in the United States as Mexican wedding cookies (and not as Mexican wedding qurabiyas).

Turkey[edit]

Turkish kurabiyes

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muhammed bin Mahmûd-ı Şirvânî (2005). 15. yüzyıl Osmanlı mutfağı. Gökkubbe. ISBN 978-975-6223-84-0. 
  2. ^ Sam Sotiropoulos (2009-12-23). "Greek Food Recipes and Reflections, Toronto, Ontario, Canada". Greekgourmand.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  3. ^ "Irene's Kourabiedes (Kourabiethes) (Greek Butter Cookies)". Thursdayfordinner.com. Retrieved 2015-02-27. 

External links[edit]