Kurdish Canadians

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Kurdish Canadians
Total population
16,315 (2016 census)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton
Kurdish, Canadian English, Canadian French, (some knowledge of Turkish, Arabic, Persian and Syriac)
Islam (majority Sunni, minority Alevi), Yazidism, Zoroastrian (Dersim Alevi), and a significant number of Yarsan, Shabak and Kurdish Christians
Related ethnic groups
Iranian people (Yazidis, Zazas)

Kurdish Canadians may refer to people born in or residing in Canada of Kurdish origin.

The Kurdish community in the Canada is 16,315[1] based on the 2016 Canadian Census, among which the Iraqi Kurds make up the largest group of Kurds in Canada, exceeding the numbers of Kurds from Turkey, Iran and Syria.

In Canada, Kurdish immigration was largely the result of the Iran–Iraq War, the Gulf War and Syrian Civil War. Thus, many Iraqi Kurds immigrated to Canada due to the constant wars and suppression of Kurds and Shiites by the Iraqi government.[2]

Like all Canadians with origins in West Asia, Kurdish Canadians are legally defined as a visible minority, irrespective of their appearance.[3][4]

2011 census[edit]

Provinces and territories Kurdish as mother tongue[5]
 Ontario 6,830
 Alberta 1,465
 British Columbia 1,435
 Quebec 1,415
 Manitoba 260
 Saskatchewan 110
 Nova Scotia 55
 New Brunswick 40
 Prince Edward Island 30

2016 census[edit]

Province or territory Number of Kurdish speakers[6]
 Ontario 7,095
 British Columbia 1,915
 Alberta 1,680
 Quebec 1,040
 Manitoba 440
 Saskatchewan 155
 Nova Scotia 125
 New Brunswick 55
 Newfoundland and Labrador 10
 Nunavut 5
 Northwest Territories
 Prince Edward Island

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Ethnic origin population". www12.statcan.gc.ca/. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  2. ^ Powell 2005, 152.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-07-18. Retrieved 2016-07-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  5. ^ "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Statistics of Canada. Statistics of Canada. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
  6. ^ "Proportion of mother tongue responses for various regions in Canada, 2016 Census". Statistics of Canada. Retrieved 8 August 2017.