Kurdish National Council

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Kurdish National Council
Kurdish National Council logo.jpg
Abbreviation KNC
Formation 26 October 2011 (46 months ago)
Purpose Kurdish autonomy
Headquarters Erbil
Region served
Western Kurdistan
26 members (General Assembly)
Feysel Yusuf
Khair al-Dien Murad
Parent organization
Kurdish Supreme Committee
Syrian National Coalition[1]
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

The Kurdish National Council (KNC, Kurdish: Encûmena Niştimanî ya Kurdî li Sûriyê‎, ENKS; Arabic: المجلس الوطني الكورديAl-Majlis Al-Watani Al-Kurdi) in Syria is a Kurdish political organization involved in the Syrian Civil War.[2][3]

The Kurdish National Council was founded in Hawler on 26 October 2011, under the sponsorship of Kurdish Regional Government President Massoud Barzani, following the earlier creation of the Syrian National Council. The organisation was originally composed of 11 Syrian Kurdish parties, however by May 2012 this had grown to 15. The key difference between the KNC and the SNC is over their approach to the issue of decentralization, with the KNC pressing for Kurdish autonomy, whereas the SNC has rejected anything more than administrative decentralization.[4]

Several KNC parties have also on occasion come into conflict with another Kurdish group, the Democratic Union Party, or PYD.[5] In order to reduce tensions, Massoud Barzani mediated between the two groups in July 2012 at a diplomatic meeting in Hawler. As a result, the PYD joined with the Kurdish National Council to form the Kurdish Supreme Committee along with a popular defence force to defend Syrian Kurdistan.[6] Under the agreement, cities that fall under the control of Syrian Kurdish forces will be ruled jointly by the PYD and the KNC until an election can be held. Despite the agreement before the groups, there remain allegations from the Kurdish Union Party that the PYD has forced buildings run by the KNC, which fly the Kurdish flag, to replace it with the Ala regin flag, which is used by the PYD. The PYD has apparently been able to do this through will because unlike most other Kurdish groups, the PYD is the poples,[7] due in part to the fact that it ensures, at times forcibly, that no other groups maintain any significant armed wing like the YPG.[clarification needed]

List of constituent parties[edit]

Name Leader
Azadi Kurdish Party in Syria Mustafa Jumaa
Azadi Kurdish Party in Syria Mustafa Oso
Kurdish Democratic Equality Party in Syria Aziz Dawe
Kurdish Democratic National Party in Syria Tahir Sfook
Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria Abdul Rahman Aluji
Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria Nasreddin Ibrahim
Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria Feysel Yusuf
Kurdish Democratic Progressive Party in Syria' Hamid Darwish
Kurdish Democratic Unity Party in Syria (Yekiti) Sheikh Ali
Kurdish Democratic Wifaq Party Nash’at Muhammad
Kurdish Left Party in Syria Muhammad Musa
Kurdish Yekiti Party in Syria Ismail Hamo
Kurdistan Democratic Party of Syria Dr. Abdul Hakim Bashar
Syrian Democratic Kurdish Party Sheikh Jamal
Yekiti Kurdistani Abdul Basit Hamo

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "PYD Leader Skeptical of Kurdish Agreement With Syrian Opposition". Rudaw.net. 9 March 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "'Last chance' to avoid civil war in Syria: Annan". Agence France-Presse. 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2012-07-24. 
  3. ^ "Political Groups to Run Liberated Kurdish Cities in Syria Through Joint Committee". Rudaw. 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2012-07-24. 
  4. ^ "The Kurdish National Council in Syria". Carnegie Middle East Center. Retrieved 2012-07-24. 
  5. ^ "Syrian Kurdish moves ring alarm bells in Turkey". Reuters. Retrieved 2012-07-25. 
  6. ^ "Barzani Unites Syrian Kurds Against Assad". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 2012-07-25. 
  7. ^ "Liberated Kurdish Cities in Syria Move into Next Phase". Rudaw. Retrieved 2012-07-25.