Kurdish Supreme Committee

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Kurdish Supreme Committee
Desteya Bilind a Kurd
Kurdish Supreme Committee emblem.svg
Emblem of the Kurdish Supreme Committee
Abbreviation DBK (Kurdish)
KSC (English)
Formation June 11, 2012; 5 years ago (2012-06-11)
Founded at Erbil
Extinction Late 2015
Purpose Self-governance of Rojava
Headquarters Kobani
Region served
Rojava, Northern Syria
Official language
Map of Syria and Syrian Kurdistan. The boundary of the Kurdish autonomous entity is defined on the basis of the political demands of the Kurds of Syria. Syrian Kurdistan includes the territory actually under the control of the Kurdish self-defense forces, and the places where Kurds constitute an absolute or relative majority.

The Kurdish Supreme Committee (Kurdish: Desteya Bilind a Kurd‎; DBK) was a self-proclaimed governing body of Rojava (Syrian Kurdistan), which was founded by the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD) and the Kurdish National Council (KNC), following the signing on 12 July 2012 of a cooperation agreement between the two parties in Hewlêr, Iraqi Kurdistan[1] under the auspice of the Iraqi Kurdistan President Massoud Barzani.[2] The member board consists of an equal number of PYD and KNC members.[3]

The DBK sought to fill the power vacuum left behind by the retreating Syrian Army in mid-2012 during the Syrian Civil War.[4] It claimed self-governance for Rojava based on Kurdish ethnicity of the population. The committee's armed wing consisted of the People's Protection Units (YPG) and Women's Protection Units (YPJ) and was complemented with the Asayish police force.

The PYD increased its influence and control within Syrian Kurdistan until November 2013 when it abandoned the DBK, and the Movement for a Democratic Society (TEV-DEM), a coalition lead by the PYD, declared a new administration. The new administration pursued a democratic confederalism model, dropping the emphasis on Kurdish identity desired by the KNC and moving to a more polyethnic structure.[5] Rojava institutions initially founded under the DBK and based on Kurdish ethnicity have since undergone a transformation into a polyethnic character.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Kurdish National Council in Syria". Carnegie Middle East Center. 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Member of National Council Says Committee Has Failed to Bridge Differences with PYD". Rûdaw. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "Now Kurds are in charge of their fate: Syrian Kurdish official". Rudaw. 29 July 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Who are the Kurds?". BBC News. 21 October 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  5. ^ Sary, Ghadi (September 2016). "Kurdish Self-governance in Syria: Survival and Ambition" (PDF). Chatham House. p. 11. Retrieved 6 February 2017.