Kurdish coffee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
A coffee-like beverage made from the roasted fruit of the terebinth or "turpentine tree"

Kurdish coffee (Kurdish: Qehweya Kurdî or Qehweya Kezwanan[1]) or menengiç coffee (Turkish: menengiç kahvesi), meaning pistachio coffee or terebinth coffee, is a traditional hot beverage in Kurdish[2][3][4] and Turkish cuisine.[5][6][7][8] It is made of ground roasted terebinth fruits (related to the pistachio) as the main ingredient, and is caffeine-free.[2][7] It is particularly popular in parts of southeastern Anatolia.[9]

History[edit]

The beverage has been produced in areas including Diyarbakır, Adıyaman, Mardin, and Batman for over a hundred years. The roasted and ground berries have been exported to Europe and around the world since the early 20th century.[4] It is also considered a traditional specialty of Gaziantep.[10]

In recent years, the processed berries in the form of an oily paste have appeared as a branded product in cans or jars.[7][additional citation(s) needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Li zozanan kezwan şewazê dawî digire". Jinha (in Kurdish). Retrieved 2019-09-23.
  2. ^ a b Lukach, Adam (August 31, 2019). "Craving: Middle Eastern food, from savory kebabs to aromatic spices, perfectly puffed pitas and more". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on September 20, 2019. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
  3. ^ "Celebrating Kansas City And All Its Traditions (From Here and Abroad)". 21 December 2018. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
  4. ^ a b "Qehweya Kizwanê, berhemek resen a Kurdî ye" [Kizwan Coffee is a genuine Kurdish product]. Kurdistan24 (in Kurdish). August 25, 2015. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
  5. ^ "MENENGİÇ KAHVESİNİN TESCİLİ İLE GAZİANTEP TÜRKİYE'DE İLK SIRAYA YERLEŞTİ". gaziantep.bel.tr. Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  6. ^ "Turpentine Coffee Recipe (Menengiç Kahvesi)". turkishfoods.net. Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  7. ^ a b c Helou, Anissa (December 31, 2009). "menengiç: a turkish coffee that is not coffee at all". anissa's blog. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
  8. ^ "Menengiç Kahvesi". Milliyet blog. Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  9. ^ "Neuroprotective potential of some terebinth coffee brands and the unprocessed fruits of Pistacia terebinthus L. and their fatty and essential oil analyses".
  10. ^ "From Menengiç to Syrup: Drink Culture in Gaziantep".