Kurdistan Islamic Union
|International affiliation||Muslim Brotherhood|
|Seats in the Council of Representatives of Iraq:|
2 / 328
|Seats in the Kurdistan Parliament|
5 / 111
Kurdistan Islamic Union (Kurdish: یەکگرتووی ئیسلامیی کوردستان ,Yekgirtiya Îslamî ya Kurdistanê; Arabic: الاتحاد الاسلامي الكوردستاني, romanized: al-Ittiḥād al-islāmī al-kūrdistānī), colloquially referred to as Yekgirtû, is an Islamist party in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Leadership and supporters
Salaheddine Bahaaeddin cofounded the Kurdistan Islamic Union on February 6, 1994. In the first General Conference he was elected as the Secretary General of the party. Later, in the second, the third, and the fourth Conferences he was also elected as the Secretary General. Later succeeded by Hadi Ali, and Mohammed Faraj, in 2016 he was again elected Secretary-General.
KIU professes non-violence, and supports the Islamic Kurdish League, which provides services to the poor. It is also represented on the Iraqi Governing Council.
The party is chiefly active among students (reportedly winning nearly 40% of the vote in Dahuk University student elections), but also has a base of adult political supporters, particularly in the city of Erbil. It also enjoys good relations with both the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan and the Kurdistan Democratic Party.
In the January 2005 Iraqi parliamentary election, the Kurdistan Islamic Union was part of a broad coalition of Kurdish parties, the Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan. However, in November 2005, the KIU withdrew from this coalition and announced that it would run separately from the other major Kurdish groups in the December 2005 Iraqi legislative election. Running independently on an agenda of "reform and services", the KIU declared that pluralism in Kurdistan is not practiced, and that voters should vote for the political party of their choice
In response to the KIU pulling out from the Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan, the Kurdistan Islamic Union office was the target of riots and protest by 3,000–5,000 people, mainly members of Kurdistan Democratic Party organizations. During the protest, the phrase "Long Live 730" was written on the office's walls. 730 is the "numerical ballot designation for the political alliance led by Iraq's two largest Kurdish parties, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan."
The riots resulted in the deaths of 4 members of KIU, including one member of the KIU leadership, after their offices in Duhok, Zakho and several other areas were exposed to gunfire after police and security forces supported the protesters instead of protecting KIU offices.
In the December 2005 elections, the party won 1.3% of the vote and 5 out of 275 seats.
December 2011 violence
On December 2, 2011, after Friday prayers, unknown persons rampaged through the city of Zakho attacking liquor stores, beauty salons, a Chinese massage parlor, and several hotels. The sale of alcohol in Iraq is often the preserve of Christians and Yezidis, who were disproportionate victims of the arson attacks. The violence quickly spread throughout the Bahdinan area of Iraqi Kurdistan, to nearby Dohuk, and eventually as far as way as the south-eastern Sorani city of Sulaymaniyah. At least 30 people were injured. Government spokesmen for the Kurdistan Democratic Party blamed the violence on a cleric associated with the Kurdistan Islamic Union. But the KIU and the cleric himself refuted these allegations. The KIU has a strong support base in the region - although not as strong as the KDP. Subsequent to the attacks, KDP supporters set fire to more than four KIU political and media offices throughout the Bahdinan area of Kurdistan Region.
The Muslim Brotherhood
- "الإخوان المسلمون في العراق وثنائية الخيارات". Aljazeera.net. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
- "Iraq: a "quota" Council". The Middle East. 1 August 2003. Retrieved 2 October 2010.
- "KIU elects Salahaddin Bahaddin as new Secretary-General". Kurd Press. 29 May 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Finer, Jonathan (14 December 2005). "For Kurds, A Surge Of Violence In Campaign". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
- "Sermons spark riots in Iraqi Kurdish city". Usatoday.com. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2011-12-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Arsons spread across Iraq's Kurdistan region". Ekurd.net. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
- "Bahrain News Agency - Bahrain backs Saudi Arabia, UAE, Foreign Minister says". Bna.bh. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Anadolu Ajansı (c) 2011. "Bahrain FM reiterates stance on Muslim Brotherhood". Aa.com.tr. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- "Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood declared 'terrorist group'". Bbc.co.uk. 25 December 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "Resolution of the State Duma, 2 December 2003 N 3624-III GD "on the Application of the State Duma of the Russian Federation" on the suppression of the activities of terrorist organizations on the territory of the Russian Federation" (in Russian). Consultant Plus. Archived from the original on 1 January 2016.
- "Saudi Arabia declares Muslim Brotherhood 'terrorist group'". BBC. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
- Alaa Shahine and Glen Carey, Bloomberg News (9 March 2014). "U.A.E. Supports Saudi Arabia Against Qatar-Backed Brotherhood". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2009-06-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Official website (in Kurdish)