Kurdistan Socialist Democratic Party

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Kurdistan Socialist Democratic Party
Parti Sosyalisti Demokrati Kurdistan
Arabic name الحزب الاشتراكي الديمقراطي الكردستاني
Hizb al-Ishtiraki al-Dimuqrati al-Kurdistani
Leader Mohammed Haji Mahmood
Founder Mahmoud Othman
Rasool Mahmend
Adnan Mufti
Founded 1976
Split from Kurdistan Democratic Party
Paramilitary wing Kurdistan Socialist Democratic Party Peshmerga
Ideology Kurdish nationalism
Social democracy
Political position Centre-left
International affiliation Progressive Alliance
Seats in the Council of Representatives of Iraq:
0 / 325
Seats in the Kurdistan Parliament
1 / 111

Kurdistan Socialist Democratic Party (Kurdish: Parti Sosyalisti Demokrati Kurdistan‎; Arabic: الحزب الاشتراكي الديمقراطي الكردستاني‎, translit. Hizb al-Ishtiraki al-Dimuqrati al-Kurdistani) is a political party in Kurdistan Iraq. The first leader was Saleh Yousefi after 1981. After 1992, the party was led by Mahmoud Othman. The party is currently led by Mohammed Haji Mahmood and has one seat in the Kurdistan National Assembly. It is a splinter of the Kurdistan Democratic Party.[1]

Paramilitary wing[edit]

The Kurdistan Socialist Democratic Party also has a paramilitary wing of Peshmerga soldiers under the direct command of party leader Mohammed Haji Mahmood, whose nom de guerre is "Kaka Hama". The party's forces have fought in the Iraqi Civil War against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), mostly in the region south of Kirkuk. They also took part in the Mosul offensive (2016). Among the party fighters killed in combat against ISIL was Mohammed Haji Mahmood's son Atta.[2]


  1. ^ Lucy Dean (2004) The Middle East and North Africa. Taylor & Francis Group, page 515.
  2. ^ "Kaka Hama, head of Kurdish Socialist Party joins Mosul battle plan with force". Rudaw Media Network. 16 October 2016. Retrieved 24 February 2018.