Kurds in Germany
|Turkish Kurds: German, Kurmanji Kurdish, Zazaki and/or Turkish|
|Majority: Alevism or Sunni Islam|
Minority: Yazidism, None
|Related ethnic groups|
|Turks, Iraqis, Syrians, Iranian people|
There is a large Kurdish population in Germany, usually estimated at around one million. The majority of the Kurds have roots in Turkish Kurdistan, but there is also a significant amount of Kurds with roots in Iraqi Kurdistan, Rojava, and Iranian Kurdistan.
In Germany, Kurdish immigrant workers from Turkey first arrived in the second half of the 1960s. They immigrated to Germany as "Gastarbeiter" (in English guest workers). Since the 1970s and especially since the 1980s, the number of Kurds has increased rapidly. There are many reasons why a lot of Kurds from Turkey (mostly), Iraq, Iran or Syria came to Germany in the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s and the beginning of the 2000s: Better living standard they hope for, jobs, relatives or acquaintances who live in Germany, political unrest, discrimination, persecution, war (in the case of Iraq, Syria and Iran), etc.
Since Syrian War in 2013 there is also a large number of Kurds who immigrated to Germany as Syrian refugees.
Kurdish immigrants often originates in regions with a Kurdish majority. Examples are Kurdistan Region of Iraq (in German also known as Autonome Region Kurdistan or Nordirak), Rojava in Syria, Iranian Kurdistan and Turkish provinces and cities like Bingöl, Elazığ, Mardin, Tunceli/Dersim, Şanlıurfa/Urfa, Batman, Diyarbakır or cities like Cizre and Pazarcık.
According to the German authorities, there were 8 Russian, 57 Turkish, 11 Lithuanian and 4 Kurdish gangs in 2013. The Blick and Nzz claimed that the Kurdish gang/motorcycle club "Sondame", allegedly "fighting" for a free Kurdistan, was formed in Stuttgart, and in 2015, it had about 1,000 members in Germany and Switzerland. The group is not well known and its existence is controversial. Other Kurdish motorcycle club and gangs include Median Empire and Red Legion.
Some cases of honour killing have been reported among the Kurdish diaspora in the West. In Germany in March 2009, a Kurdish immigrant from Turkey, Gülsüm S., was killed for a relationship not in keeping with her family's plan for an arranged marriage. Hatun Sürücü was murdered at the age of 23 in 2005 in Berlin, by her own youngest brother, in an honor killing. In 2016 a Kurdish woman was shot dead at her wedding in Hannover for refusing to marry her cousin in a forced marriage.
German Kurds have a strong presence especially in German rap. Since the beginning of the 2000s, lots of German rap artists of Kurdish origin have had big and formative influence on the rap scene (like Azad, Eko Fresh, Xatar, Kurdo, Haftbefehl, KC Rebell, Capo, etc.) and these days, many of the most successful artists are of Kurdish origin too. Other popular German-Kurdish rappers include Eno, Veysel and Azzi Memo.
Kurds also play a role in other sectors, for example in German politics (especially in the German Left party).
- Yazidis in Germany
- Turks in Germany
- Iraqis in Germany
- Iranians in Germany
- Syrians in Germany
- Honor killing of Hatun Sürücü
- "Geschenk an Erdogan? Kurdisches Kulturfestival verboten". heise.de. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
- "Islamisten und Kurden: Brutale Gruppen in Deutschland - WELT". DIE WELT. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- https://kurdische-gemeinde.de/zahl-der-kurden-in-deutschland-sprunghaft-angestiegen/ This source says that the Kurdish population in Germany increased to 1.15 million in 2015.
- "The Kurdish Diaspora". Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- "Kurds protested in Germany over 'IS' attacks on the Syrian town of Kobani". DW.DE. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Thousands march in France, Germany, Austria to support Kobane Kurds". RFI. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Thousands of Kurds in Germany march against Turkish air strikes". Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- Blick. ""Der Auftritt ist sehr aggressiv": Wie gefährlich sind die Kurden-Rocker Sondame?". Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- Baumgartner, Fabian (17 May 2015). "Rivalisierende Banden in Zürich: Machtkampf zwischen kurdischen "Brüdern" und Rockern". Retrieved 19 August 2017 – via NZZ.
- MEYER, MEHMET ATA und OLIVER. ""Median Empire": Kurden-Rocker drohen den Hells Angels". Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- Rocker-Info.net (2 April 2015). "Stuttgarter Kurden drohen weiter den United Tribuns". Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- Germany, Stuttgarter Zeitung, Stuttgart,. "Red Legion - aktuelle Themen, Nachrichten & Bilder". stuttgarter-zeitung.de. Retrieved 19 August 2017.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- Palash R. Ghosh. "Honor Crimes in Britain Far More Prevalent than Formerly Thought". International Business Times. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "Erschlagen, weil sie schwanger war? – Killed, because she was pregnant?". Der Bild.
- "BBC NEWS - World - Europe - 'Honour killing' shocks Germany". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- "Kurdish woman shot dead at wedding for refusing to marry her cousin". Retrieved 19 August 2017.