Kurds in Germany
Kurds in Germany are residents or citizens of Germany of full or partial Kurdish origin.
There is a large Kurdish community in Germany. The number of Kurds living in Germany is unknown. Many estimates assume that the number is in the million range. The majority of the Kurds have roots in Turkey, but there is also a significant number of Kurdish Germans with roots in Iraq, Syria, or Iran.
In Germany, Kurdish immigrant workers from Turkey first arrived in the second half of the 1960s. They immigrated to Germany as "Gastarbeiter" (guest workers). Since the 1970s and especially since the 1980s, the number of Kurds in Germany has increased rapidly. Reasons for migration include the better living standards and jobs in Germany, and the political unrest, discrimination, persecution, and war in Kurdistan.
Kurdish immigrants usually come from the different parts of Kurdistan. Examples are Iraqi Kurdistan, Rojava in Syria, Iranian Kurdistan, and Turkish Kurdistan. Others come from Kurdish enclaves outside Kurdistan, e.g. Istanbul.
According to the German authorities tin 2013. The Blick and Nzz claimed that the Kurdish gang/motorcycle club "Sondame", allegedly "fighting" for a free Kurdistan, was formed in Stuttgart, and in 2015, it had about 1,000 members in Germany and Switzerland. The group is not well known and its existence is controversial. Other Kurdish motorcycle club and gangs include Median Empire and Red Legion.
Some cases of honour killing have been reported among the Kurdish diaspora in Germany. In March 2009, a Kurdish immigrant from Turkey, Gülsüm S., was killed for a relationship not in keeping with her family's plan for an arranged marriage. In 2016 a Kurdish woman was shot dead at her wedding in Hannover after refusing to marry her cousin.
German Kurds have a strong presence in German hip-hop. Since the beginning of the 2000s, many German rap artists of Kurdish origin have influenced the rap scene (for example, Azad, Eko Fresh, Xatar, Kurdo, Haftbefehl, KC Rebell, Capo, etc.) and these days, many of the most successful artists are of Kurdish origin, too. Other popular German-Kurdish rappers include Eno, Veysel and Azzi Memo.
Kurds also play a role in other sectors, for example in German politics (especially in The Left party).
- "Geschenk an Erdogan? Kurdisches Kulturfestival verboten". heise.de. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
- "Islamisten und Kurden: Brutale Gruppen in Deutschland - WELT". DIE WELT. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- https://kurdische-gemeinde.de/zahl-der-kurden-in-deutschland-sprunghaft-angestiegen/ This source says that the Kurdish population in Germany increased to 1.15 million in 2015.
- "The Kurdish Diaspora". Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- "Kurds protested in Germany over 'IS' attacks on the Syrian town of Kobani". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Thousands march in France, Germany, Austria to support Kobane Kurds". Radio France Internationale. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Thousands of Kurds in Germany march against Turkish air strikes". Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- Blick. ""Der Auftritt ist sehr aggressiv": Wie gefährlich sind die Kurden-Rocker Sondame?". Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- Baumgartner, Fabian (17 May 2015). "Rivalisierende Banden in Zürich: Machtkampf zwischen kurdischen "Brüdern" und Rockern". Neue Zürcher Zeitung. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- MEYER, MEHMET ATA und OLIVER. ""Median Empire": Kurden-Rocker drohen den Hells Angels". Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- Rocker-Info.net (2 April 2015). "Stuttgarter Kurden drohen weiter den United Tribuns". Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- Germany. "Red Legion - aktuelle Themen, Nachrichten & Bilder". Stuttgarter Zeitung. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
- "German motorcycle gang joins Isis fight". thelocal.de. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 2020-06-22.
- Palash R. Ghosh. "Honor Crimes in Britain Far More Prevalent than Formerly Thought". International Business Times. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
- "Erschlagen, weil sie schwanger war? – Killed, because she was pregnant?". Der Bild.
- "Kurdish woman shot dead at wedding for refusing to marry her cousin". Retrieved 19 August 2017.