Kurds of Khorasan

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Khorasani Kurds
Total population
(500,000[1])
Regions with significant populations
North Khorasan, Razavi Khorasan
Languages
Kurdish (Native)
(Northern and Southern Kurdish)
Persian second language
Religion
Shia Islam [2]
Related ethnic groups
other Iranian peoples

The Kurds of Khorasan or Khorassani Kurds (Kurdish: Kurdên Xorasanê‎, Persian: کردهای خراسان‎‎) are Kurds native to northeastern Iran, across the Iran-Turkmenistan border. They inhabit much of North Khorasan province, northern and northwestern parts of Razavi Khorasan province, as well as parts of Golestan province.

They speak a Kurmanji dialect of Kurdish and are mostly adherents of Shia Islam. The population of Khorasani Kurds is about half a million, some 400 thousand of which live in Razavi Khorasan and the rest in North Khorasan.[3]

History[edit]

Zafaranlu and Shadlu autonomous states in Khurasani Kurdish exclave circa 1835.

Kormanj Kurds were moved from north west of Iran after the 1610 war between Kurds and the Safavid Empire. After the Safavids massacred a large number of Soorani and Kurmanj Kurds in the 1610 war, a large number of them were moved by force to Khorasan, in the eastern part of Iran, in order to weaken and divide them.[3]

Notable figures[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jonathan Randal, with this scandal, what ... Page 31
  • Tvhdy, historic move to Khorasan, published by March, 1992 and 2006
  • Based on personal observation and interviews. B. R. Lukasheva, Torkamānhā-ye Īrān, tr. S. Îzadî and Ḥ. Tāḥwīlī, Tehran, 1359 ş./1980.
  • S. ʿA. Mîrnîa, Īlāt wa tawāyef-e Daragaz, Maşhad, 1362 ş./1983.
  • R.-ʿA. şakerî, Atrak-nama. Tārīḵ-e jāmeʿ-e Qūčān, Tehran, 1365 Š./1986.
  • E. şakûrzada, ʿAqayed wa rosūm-e ʿāmma-ye mardom-e Ḵorāsān, 2nd ed., Tehran, 1365 ş./1986.
  • K.-A. Tawaḥḥodī, Ḥarakat-e tārīḵī-e Kurd ba Ḵorāsān, 10 vols., Mašhad, 1364 ş./1985.
  • J. Żīāʾpūr, Pûşak-e Īrānīān az çahardah qarn-e pîş, Tehran, 1346 ş./1967.
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  1. ^ "IRAN v. PEOPLES OF IRAN (1) A General Survey". Encyclopædia Iranica. March 29, 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ a b [2]

External links[edit]