Kurnool district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Kurnool.
Kurnool district
కర్నూలు జిల్లా
District of Andhra Pradesh
Location of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh
Location of Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Administrative division Kurnool district
Headquarters Kurnool
Tehsils 54[1]
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Kurnool, Nandyal
 • Assembly seats 14
 • Total 17,658 km2 (6,818 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,046,601[2]
 • Urban 28.26%
 • Literacy 61.13%
 • Sex ratio 984
Major highways AH43
Coordinates 15°48′N 78°0′E / 15.800°N 78.000°E / 15.800; 78.000Coordinates: 15°48′N 78°0′E / 15.800°N 78.000°E / 15.800; 78.000
Website Official website
Kondareddy Buruju in Kurnool city
Hall of The Nawab at Adoni fort in Kurnool District
Navanandi Temples Schematic route map from Nandyal

Kurnool District is a district in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India, located in the west-central part of the state and is bounded by Mahabubnagar district of Telangana in the north, Raichur district of Karnataka in the northwest, Bellary district of Karnataka in the west, Ananthapur district in the south, YSR Kadapa district in the South East and Prakasham district in the east. The city of Kurnool is the headquarters of the district. It has a population of 4,053,463 of which 28.35% were urban as of 2011. It occupies 10th and 2nd place in terms of area in Largest Districts of India and Andhra Pradesh respectively,[3] accounting for 17,658 square kilometres (6,818 sq mi) and 53rd place in terms of Population in India.


Palaeolothic era[edit]

Pre Historic Sites of Middle Krishna-Tungabhadra Valley are scattered at many parts of Kurnool district

The Ketavaram rock paintings are dated back to the Paleolithic era (located at a distance of 18 km (11 mi) from Kurnool).[4] Also the Jurreru Valley, Katavani Kunta[5] and Yaganti in Kurnool District have some important rock art's and painting's in their vicinity, may be dated back to 35,000 to 40,000 years ago.

Buddhism and Jainism[edit]

Interior view of Belum Caves

Belum Caves are geologically and historically important caves in the district. There are indications that Jain's and Buddhist monks were occupying these caves centuries ago. Many Buddhists relics were found inside the caves. These relics are now housed in Museum at Ananthapur.

Archaeological survey of India (ASI) also found remnants of vessels, etc. of pre-Buddhist era and has dated the remnants of vessels found in the caves to 4500 BC.[6]

Medieval era[edit]

Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy (Ananthapur District) was elected from the Dhone assembly constituency in 1962 general elections and became the Chief Minister of AP. Again in 1977 general elections to the Lok Sabha, he won from the Nandyal Parliamentary constituency and became the speaker of the Lok Sabha. However he resigned and became the 6th President of the Republic of India. In 1970, part of Kurnool district was split off to become part of Prakasam district.[7]

Kurnool District is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[8]


Districts of Andhra Pradesh

Kurnool district occupies an area of approximately 17,658 square kilometres (6,818 sq mi),[9] comparatively equivalent to New Caledonia.[10]

The village of Ternekal lies within this region.

Kurnool is surrounded by districts of Mahbubnagar district of Telangana to the north, Anantapur sitrict, Kadapa district to south, Praksam district to east and Bellary of Karnataka to the west.


According to the 2011 census Kurnool district has a population of 4,046,601,[11] roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[12] or the US state of Oregon.[13] This gives it a ranking of 54th in India (out of a total of 640).[11] The district has a population density of 229 inhabitants per square kilometre (590/sq mi) .[11] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.65%.[11] Kurnool has a sex ratio of 984 females for every 1000 males,[11] and a literacy rate of 61.13%.[11]

Religions in Kurnool[14]
Religion Percent
Distribution of religions

Household indicators[edit]

In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1247 households in 38 villages across the district.[15] They found that 94% had access to electricity, 89.7% had drinking water, 34.6% toilet facilities, and 51.6% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[15] 30.6% of girls wed before the legal age of 18[16] and 85.1% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[15]


Kurnool district mandals outline map
Revenue divisions map of Kurnool district

Kurnool District has 3 Revenue Divisions viz., Kurnool, Nandyal, Adoni divisions.[17] The district has 54 mandals and 53 Panchayat Samitis (Blocks) under these revenue divisions. It also has a Municipal Corporation of Kurnool and 4 municipalities namely, Nandyal, Adoni, Yemmiganur and Dhone.[18] There are 899 gram panchayats that include 7 notified and 862 non-notified, alongside 920 revenue villages and 615 hamlets.[19]


The mandals are listed with respect to their revenue divisions in the following table:[20]

# Kurnool Division Nandyal Division Adoni Division
1 Atmakur Allagadda Adoni
2 Bethamcherla Banaganapalle Alur
3 C.Belagal Bandi Atmakur Apsari
4 Dhone Chagalamarri Chippagiri
5 Gudur Dornipadu Devanakonda
6 Jupadu Bungalow Gadivemula Gonegandla
7 Kallur Gospadu Halaharvi
8 Kodumuru Koilkuntla Holagunda
9 Kothapalle Kolimigundla Kosigi
10 Krishnagiri Mahanandi Kowthalam
11 Kurnool Nandyal Maddikera
12 Miduthur Owk Mantralayam
13 Nandikotkur Panyam Nandavaram
14 Orvakal Rudravaram Pattikonda
15 Pagidyala Sanjamala Pedda kadabur
16 Pamulapadu Sirvel Tuggali
17 Peapally Uyyalawada Yemmiganur
18 Srisailam
19 Veldurthi
20 Velgode



  1. ^ "District - Guntur". Andhra Pradesh Online Portal. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "Anantapur district profile". Andhra Pradesh State Portal. 
  3. ^ "Top 10 Largest Districts of India by Total Area". census2011.co.in. 
  4. ^ "archelogical excavations" (PDF). aparchaeologymuseum. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  5. ^ Michael Petraglia. "New rock art discoveries in the Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India". academia.edu. 
  6. ^ [1] Show Caves of India: Belum Caves
  7. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  8. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  9. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  10. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. New Caledonia (main island) 16,648km2 
  11. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  12. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est. 
  13. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Oregon 3,831,074 
  14. ^ "Andhra Pradesh State Minorities Finance Corporation Ltd. - Downloads". apsmfc.com. 
  15. ^ a b c "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  16. ^ "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03. To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females. 
  17. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Kurnool District" (PDF). The office of Development Commissioner (MSME), Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises. p. 4. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "Part-I State Administrative Divisions 2001-2011" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 359–366. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  19. ^ "District Profile". Kurnool District Official website. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2016. 
  20. ^ "District Census Handbook - Kurnool" (PDF). Census of India. p. 12. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  21. ^ M.C., Obulesu (2006). Total literacy campaign : with special reference to adult drop-outs. New Delhi: D.P.H. Discovery Publishing House. pp. 70–72. ISBN 978-81-8356-056-6. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  22. ^ "Mandals in Kurnool district". aponline.gov.in. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 

External links[edit]