Kuroko's Basketball

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kuroko's Basketball
Kuroko no Basuke Cover.jpg
Cover of the first tankōbon volume, featuring Tetsuya Kuroko (left), Riko Aida (bottom) and Taiga Kagami (center)
(Kuroko no Basuke)
Written byTadatoshi Fujimaki
Published byShueisha
English publisher
ImprintJump Comics
MagazineWeekly Shōnen Jump
Original runDecember 8, 2008September 1, 2014
Volumes30 (List of volumes)
Light novel
Written bySawako Hirabayashi
Illustrated byTadatoshi Fujimaki
Published byShueisha
Original runMarch 4, 2011May 2, 2014
Anime television series
Directed byShunsuke Tada
Written byNoburo Takagi
Music by
StudioProduction I.G
Licensed by
Original networkMBS, Tokyo MX, BS11
English network
Original run April 7, 2012 June 30, 2015
Episodes75 + 3 OVA (List of episodes)
Kuroko's Basketball: Extra Game
Written byTadatoshi Fujimaki
Published byShueisha
MagazineJump Next!
Original runDecember 29, 2014March 3, 2016
Anime film series
Kuroko's Basketball: Winter Cup Compilation
Directed byShunsuke Tada
Written byNoburo Takagi
Music byYoshihiro Ike
StudioProduction I.G
Licensed by
  • September 3, 2016 (I)
  • October 8, 2016 (II)
  • December 3, 2016 (III)
  • 90 minutes (I)
  • 88 minutes (II)
  • 90 minutes (III)
Anime film
Kuroko's Basketball The Movie: Last Game
Directed byShunsuke Tada
Written by
  • Noburo Takagi
  • Tadatoshi Fujimaki
Music byYoshihiro Ike
StudioProduction I.G
Licensed by
ReleasedMarch 18, 2017
Runtime90 minutes
icon Anime and manga portal

Kuroko's Basketball (Japanese: 黒子のバスケ, Hepburn: Kuroko no Basuke) is a Japanese sports manga series written and illustrated by Tadatoshi Fujimaki. It was serialized in Shueisha's shōnen manga magazine Weekly Shōnen Jump from December 2008 to September 2014, with its chapters collected in 30 tankōbon volumes. It tells the story of a high school basketball team trying to make it to the national tournament.

An anime television series adaptation by Production I.G aired for three seasons from April 2012 to June 2015. A sequel manga, Kuroko's Basketball: Extra Game, was serialized in Jump Next! from December 2014 to March 2016. An anime film adaptation of the Kuroko's Basketball: Extra Game manga premiered in March 2017. A stage play adaptation opened in April 2016 followed by more stage adaptations.

The manga has been licensed for English-language release by Viz Media in North America. By November 2020, Kuroko's Basketball had over 31 million copies in circulation, making it one of the best-selling manga series.


The Teiko Middle School basketball team dominated basketball teams within Japan, winning the middle school Nationals for three consecutive years. The star players of the team became known as the "Generation of Miracles". After graduating from middle school, the five star players went to different high schools with top basketball teams. However, there was a rumor that there was another player in the "Generation of Miracles": a phantom sixth man. This mysterious player is now a freshman at Seirin High, a new school with a powerful, if little-known, team. Now, Tetsuya Kuroko – the sixth member of the "Generation of Miracles", and Taiga Kagami – a naturally talented player who spent most of his youth in the US, aim to bring Seirin to the top of Japan by taking on Kuroko's former teammates one by one. The series chronicles Seirin's rise to become Japan's number one high school team. The Generation of Miracles include Ryota Kise, Shintaro Midorima, Daiki Aomine, Atsushi Murasakibara, and Seijuro Akashi.

Seirin High team faced Ryota Kise's team first in a practice match. Although Kise was capable of copying all of Kagami's skills with added strength and speed, Kuroko's abilities helped narrow the distance and eventually, Seirin won this game. They then met Shintaro Midorima's school Shutoku in the preliminaries of Interhigh. The game was much more difficult; not only was Midorima considerably stronger than Kagami, but also Kuroko's ability of misdirection was completely shut down by Takao's Hawk Eyes. Seirin managed to defeat team Shutoku but their winning streak ended after they lost badly to Touhou Academy, whose basketball team included the Ace of the "Generation of Miracles" - Daiki Aomine. After this game, they lost their remaining two matches against Senshinkan and Meisei and were eliminated from the Interhigh. However, a new player arrives to join Seirin - Kiyoshi Teppei, the man who formed the Seirin Basketball team. They spent the entire summer training for the Winter Cup, even coincidentally meeting Shutoku while training.

In the preliminaries, they met team Shutoku again. This match ended into a tie, so Seirin needed to defeat team Kirisaki Daichi in order to advance. Kirisaki Daichi's captain was Makoto Hanamiya, a member of the Uncrowned Kings well-known for his underhanded methods to win a match. However, they won and gained a ticket to the Winter Cup.



Written and illustrated by Tadatoshi Fujimaki, Kuroko's Basketball was serialized in the shōnen manga anthology Weekly Shōnen Jump from December 8, 2008 to September 1, 2014.[4][5] The 275 individual chapters were collected and published into 30 tankōbon volumes by its publisher Shueisha, the first on April 3, 2009 and the last on December 4, 2014.[6][7] A crossover chapter between the series and Kawada's Hinomaru Sumo, with a script written by Ichirō Takahashi, was published in the magazine on November 9, 2015.[8] Kawada was formerly an assistant to Fujimaki on Kuroko's Basketball.[9]

Fujimaki began a sequel titled Kuroko's Basketball: Extra Game (黒子のバスケ EXTRA GAME) in Jump Next! on December 29, 2014.[10][11] On December 27, 2015, Tadashi announced that he will end Kuroko's Basketball: Extra Game manga in the next issue in early March 2016.[12] At their New York Comic Con panel, North American publisher Viz Media announced their license to the manga.[13] They began releasing the series in 2-in-1 editions in 2016.


An anime adaptation based on the manga was produced by Production I.G.[14] The series premiered on April 7, 2012 and ended on September 22, 2012. On April 5, 2012, Crunchyroll announced that they would simulcast the anime as part of their spring lineup of anime titles. As of September 22, 2012, the anime ended with a total of 25 episodes. The second season premiered on October 6, 2013[15][16] and ended on March 29, 2014, also with 25 episodes. The DVD and Blu-ray version of the second season was released on June 20, 2014, along with an episode which was designed around a specific chapter in the manga by Tadatoshi Fujimaki by working on chapter 124, and a bonus CD with an audio drama starring Satsuki Momoi.[17][18] The third season premiered on January 10, 2015[19] and ended on June 30, 2015, with a total of 25 episodes. Three compilation films that compiled the anime series' Winter Cup arc opened in Japan in 2016. The first compilation film opened on September 3, 2016, titled Winter Cup Compilation ~Shadow and Light~, the second compilation film opened on October 8, 2016, titled Winter Cup Compilation ~Beyond the Tears~, and the third compilation film opened on December 3, 2016, titled Winter Cup Compilation ~Crossing the Door~.[20]

An animated film adaptation was announced at the KuroBas Cup 2015 event on September 20, 2015.[21][22] The film, titled Kuroko's Basketball The Movie: Last Game, adapts the Kuroko's Basketball: Extra Game manga.[23] It was released in Japanese theaters on March 18, 2017.[24][25] The staff and cast from the previous seasons returned to reprise their roles in the film.[26]

On October 19, 2020, the SAG-AFTRA listed and approved an English dub for the series under the "Netflix Dubbing Agreement".[27] The first season's English dub debuted on Netflix on January 15, 2021,[28] with its second season on May 15,[29] its third season on September 18,[30] and the Last Game film's English dub on November 15.[31]

Light novels[edit]

Five series of light novels have been written by Sawako Hirabayashi called Kuroko's Basketball: Replace and illustrated by Fujimaki.[32] Each light novel focuses on the members of the Generation of Miracles. The first light novel Replace was released on March 4, 2011.[33] A manga adaptation of the novel series illustrated by Ichirō Takahashi began on Shōnen Jump+ in January 2015.[34]

Audio CDs[edit]

The music for the Kuroko's Basketball anime series were directed by four different composers. Ryosuke Nakanishi, R・O・N, and Alpha Eastman (21-25) were in charge of the first season[35] while Yoshihiro Ike was in charge of the second season.[36]

Video games[edit]

Three video games based on Kuroko's Basketball have been released. The first game Kuroko's Basketball: Kiseki no Game (黒子のバスケ キセキの試合, Kuroko no Basuke Kiseki no Gēmu, Kuroko's Basketball: Miracle Game) was released on August 9, 2012 for PlayStation Portable.[37] A second game Kuroko's Basketball: Shōri e no Kiseki (黒子のバスケ -勝利へのキセキ-, Kuroko's Basketball: The Path to Victory) was released on February 20, 2014 for the Nintendo 3DS.[38] Shōri e no Kiseki sold 45,681 copies in its first four days on sale.[39] A third game Kuroko's Basketball: Mirai e no Kizuna (黒子のバスケ 未来へのキズナ, Kuroko's Basketball: Bonds for the Future) was released on March 26, 2015 for the Nintendo 3DS.[40] Kuroko also appears as a support character in the Jump crossover fighting game J-Stars Victory VS.

Stage plays[edit]

A series of 2.5D musical stage plays began in 2016.[41] Kensho Ono reprised his role as Kuroko from the anime series.[42] Additions to the main cast included Yuuya Asato as Taiga and Shota Onume as Aomine. The plays were directed by Norihito Nakayashiki, who also directed Hyper Projection Engeki Haikyu!!.[43]

Year Dates & Locations Title
2016 8 April – 22 April (Tokyo) Kuroko no Basuke The Encounter[44]
2017 22 June – 9 July (Tokyo)
13 July – 17 July (Osaka)
Kuroko no Basuke OVER-DRIVE[45]
2018 6 April – 22 April (Tokyo)
1 May – 6 May (Osaka)
11 May – 13 May (Tokyo)
Kuroko no Basuke IGNITE-ZONE[46]
2019 30 April – 1 May (Osaka)
4 May – 5 May (Aichi)
7 May – 13 May (Tokyo)
18 May – 19 May (Fukuoka)
Kuroko no Basuke ULTIMATE-BLAZE[47]


The Kuroko's Basketball manga series sold nine million units in Japan by September 2012.[48] In May 2013, the manga has over one million copies of volume 1 in print.[49] By 2013, the manga had over 23 million copies in circulation,[50] a number that grew to 27 million by April 2014.[5] By November 2020, the series has over 31 million copies in circulation.[51] Individual volumes frequently appeared on Oricon's weekly lists of the best-selling manga in Japan,[52][53] and many of them were some of the best-selling manga in the year 2012.[54][55][56][57][58] Kuroko's Basketball was the third best-selling manga series of 2013, with 8,761,081 copies sold in a year.[59] In 2014, the 24th volume of the manga had received an initial print run of one million copies;[60] and the 30th volume in 2015 had an initial print run of 700,000 copies printed.[61] The Kuroko's Basketball light novel series also sold well in Japan in 2014. The first light novel Replace was the ninth best-selling light novel series,[62] while it was the sixth best-selling light novel volume with 215,859 copies sold.[63] DVD sales of the anime series have also been featured on Oricon's weekly Japanese anime DVD rankings various times.[64][65][66]

Kuroko's Basketball is often compared to Weekly Shōnen Jump's earlier basketball-themed manga Slam Dunk. However, Azusa Takahashi of Real Sound pointed out whereas Slam Dunk was very realistic, the newer series is more focused on entertainment and is strongly based in fiction with each character having a "special move."[51] The anime series was awarded the 2013 Tokyo Anime Award in the Television Category.[67]


After the anime began airing in 2012, the series became popular with dōjinshi circles, particularly for yaoi dōjinshi, though there is no yaoi in the series itself. Several events at which dōjinshi of the series were to be sold, as well as several other locations linked to the series and the author Tadatoshi Fujimaki, including a television station airing the anime, a convenience store chain selling items of the series, and Fujimaki's alma mater Sophia University, received threatening letters containing a powder or liquid substance. It is still unknown if it is one individual behind all the threatening letters, nor is the reason for the threats known.[68][69] Multiple doujinshi events, including Comiket, banned content related to the series, barring creators from selling Kuroko's Basketball-themed doujinshi at their events.[70] The suspect, who was later revealed to be a 36-year-old man named Hirofumi Watanabe, was eventually caught and was arrested on December 15, 2013.[71] Due to the loss of Kuroko's Basketball dōjinshi because of the threats, there was a special event that specifically focused on dōjinshi related to the series affectionately named Kuroket, organized by the Comic Market Preparatory Committee, held during the Comiket Special 6 – Otaku Summit 2015 on March 29, 2015.[72] The event hosted approx. 2400 dōjinshi circles.[73]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Bang Zoom! English dub rights.
  2. ^ a b c Formerly known as Funimation.


  1. ^ a b "The Official Website for Kuroko's Basketball". Viz Media. Retrieved October 28, 2017.
  2. ^ @ANIMAXAsiaTV (May 21, 2022). "June is packed with new anime shows you should be excited about! Mark your calendars, set your alarms, and keep the excitement going only here on Animax!" (Tweet). Retrieved May 21, 2022 – via Twitter.
  3. ^ "《影子籃球員》電影版及總集篇 -《Kuroko's Basketball the Movie》【Ani-One Asia ULTRA】". YouTube. Retrieved July 10, 2022.
  4. ^ Loo, Egan (November 21, 2008). "Muhyo & Roji's Nishi to Launch Bokkesan Manga". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Ressler, Karen (August 27, 2014). "Kuroko's Basketball Manga to End". Anime News Network. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
  6. ^ 黒子のバスケ1 [Kuroko's Basket 1] (in Japanese). Shueisha. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  7. ^ 黒子のバスケ30 [Kuroko no Basket 30] (in Japanese). Shueisha. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
  8. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball, Hinomaru Zumō Get Crossover 1-Shot". Anime News Network. August 14, 2020. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
  9. ^ "火ノ丸×黒子の読切が次号ジャンプに、「キセキの待ったなし対決!」". Natalie (in Japanese). November 2, 2015. Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  10. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball to Launch Sequel Manga in December". Anime News Network. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  11. ^ ""Kuroko's Basketball: EXTRA GAME" Manga Previewed". Crunchyroll. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
  12. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Extra Game Manga to End in Early March". Anime News Network. December 27, 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2019.
  13. ^ "Viz Media Adds Kuroko's Basketball, Haikyuu, Yona of the Dawn manga". Anime News Network. October 9, 2015. Retrieved October 9, 2015.
  14. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Manga Gets TV Anime Produced by I.G". Anime News Network. September 28, 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
  15. ^ ""Kuroko's Basketball" Anime Return Dated". Crunchyroll. August 28, 2013. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  16. ^ "2nd Kuroko's Basketball Season Slated for October 5". Anime News Network. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
  17. ^ "2nd Kuroko's Basketball Season to Add Original Video Anime". Anime News Network. January 15, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  18. ^ "'Kuroko's Basketball' Japanese Anime DVD/BD Release Gets Bonus Episode". The Fandom Post. January 15, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  19. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Anime Gets 3rd Season". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  20. ^ "Dates, Titles Revealed for Kuroko's Basketball's 3 Compilation Films". Anime News Network. April 10, 2016. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  21. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Anime Gets Film". Anime News Network. September 20, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  22. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Anime Gets Extra Game Film & 3 Compilation Films". Anime News Network. March 2, 2016. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  23. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Extra Game Film's Title Revealed". Anime News Network. August 28, 2016. Retrieved August 29, 2016.
  24. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Film Adapting Extra Game Manga Reveals Visuals, Spring 2017 Debut". Anime News Network. July 30, 2016. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
  25. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Last Game Anime Film Opens on March 18". Anime News Network. November 21, 2016. Retrieved November 21, 2016.
  26. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Last Game Anime Film Reveals Teaser Visual, Story, Returning Staff". Anime News Network. September 3, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  27. ^ Adriana Hazra (October 19, 2020). "SAG-AFTRA Lists English Dub for Kuroko's Basketball Anime". Anime News Network. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  28. ^ Adriana Hazra (December 20, 2020). "Netflix Adds Kuroko's Basketball Anime on January 15". Anime News Network. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  29. ^ Jacob Robinson (April 19, 2021). "'Kuroko's Basketball' Season 2 Coming to Netflix in May 2021". What's On Netflix. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  30. ^ @DamanMills (September 18, 2021). "Today's lucky item is… the Season 3 dub of #KurokosBasketball live on Netflix!!! 🏀🏀🏀💚💚💚 #kurokonobasket" (Tweet). Retrieved September 20, 2021 – via Twitter.
  31. ^ Adriana Hazra (October 24, 2021). "Netflix U.S. Adds Kuroko's Basketball: Last Game, Jojo's Bizarre Adventure: Golden Wind Anime in November". Anime News Network. Retrieved October 25, 2021.
  32. ^ "黒子のバスケ –ReplaceV- ふぞろいのエースたち" [Kuroko's Basketball -Replace 5- The Uneven Aces] (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on December 28, 2015. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  33. ^ "黒子のバスケ -Replace-" [Kuroko's Basketball -Replace-] (in Japanese). Shueisha. Archived from the original on December 19, 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  34. ^ "Ichirō Takahashi Launches Kuroko's Basketball Replace PLUS Manga". Anime News Network. August 14, 2020. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
  35. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Staff" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on January 7, 2013. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
  36. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Staff" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on February 18, 2014. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
  37. ^ 黒子のバスケ キセキの試合 [Kuroko's Basketball Kiseki no Game] (in Japanese). Amazon. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
  38. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball 3DS Game's 3rd Promo Streamed". Anime News Network. Retrieved February 13, 2014.
  39. ^ Handrahan, Matthew (February 27, 2014). "Knack beats Yakuza to Japanese number one". GamesIndustry.biz. Gamer Network. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
  40. ^ 黒子のバスケ 未来へのキズナ [Kuroko's Basketball: Bonds for the Future] (in Japanese). Amazon. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
  41. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Manga Gets Stage Play in April". Anime News Network. December 19, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2019.
  42. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Stage Play Unveils More Cast, New Visual". Anime News Network. December 28, 2015. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  43. ^ Jabulani Blyden (January 3, 2016). "Kuroko's Basketball Stage Play Unveils Remaining Cast, Visual". Anime News Network. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
  44. ^ "Archive of the Stage Kuroko no Basuke Official Homepage" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on March 21, 2016. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
  45. ^ "Kuroko no Basuke Official Homepage for OVER-DRIVE" (in Japanese). Retrieved May 29, 2018.
  46. ^ "Kuroko no Basuke Official Homepage" (in Japanese). Archived from the original on May 8, 2019. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
  47. ^ "舞台「黒子のバスケ」オフィシャルサイト チケット情報や出演キャストなど" (in Japanese). Retrieved April 27, 2020.
  48. ^ 人気漫画「黒子のバスケ」作者脅迫 2ちゃんねるに犯行を示唆する書き込み (in Japanese). MSN. November 2, 2012. Archived from the original on January 13, 2013. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  49. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball, Assassination Classroom's 1st Books Each Top 2 Million Copies in Print". Anime News Network. May 14, 2013. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
  50. ^ 「黒子のバスケ」「暗殺教室」が初版100万部突破! ジャンプ史上初の同時達成 (in Japanese). Yahoo!. September 30, 2013. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
  51. ^ a b "『SLAM DUNK』が追求したリアリティと『黒子のバスケ』が放つエンタメ性 両者の違いを考察". Real Sound (in Japanese). November 5, 2020. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
  52. ^ "Japanese Comic Ranking, February 4–10". Anime News Network. February 13, 2013. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  53. ^ "Japanese Comic Ranking, September 3–9". Anime News Network. September 12, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  54. ^ "Top-Selling Manga in Japan by Series: 2012 (First Half)". Anime News Network. June 1, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  55. ^ "10 Top-Selling Manga in Japan by Series: 2012". Anime News Network. December 2, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  56. ^ "50 Top-Selling Manga in Japan by Volume: 2012". Anime News Network. December 2, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  57. ^ "30 Top-Selling Manga in Japan by Series: 2012". Anime News Network. December 2, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  58. ^ "Top-Selling Manga in Japan by Volume, #50-#100: 2012". Anime News Network. December 2, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  59. ^ "Top-Selling Manga in Japan by Series: 2013". Anime News Network. December 1, 2013. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
  60. ^ "Manga With Biggest 1st Printings from Kodansha, Shogakukan, Shueisha". Anime News Network. April 8, 2014. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  61. ^ "Manga With Biggest 1st Printings from Kodansha, Shogakukan, Shueisha: 2014-2015". Anime News Network. June 6, 2015. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  62. ^ "Top-Selling Light Novels in Japan by Series: 2014". Anime News Network. January 3, 2015. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  63. ^ "Top-Selling Light Novels in Japan by Volume: 2014". Anime News Network. January 3, 2015. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  64. ^ "Japan's Animation DVD Ranking, October 29-November 4". Anime News Network. November 7, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  65. ^ "Japan's Animation DVD Ranking, November 19–25". Anime News Network. November 27, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  66. ^ "Japan's Animation DVD Ranking, October 22–28". Anime News Network. October 31, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  67. ^ "Wolf Children, SAO, Kuroko's Basketball Win Tokyo Anime Awards". Anime News Network. March 24, 2013. Retrieved March 25, 2013.
  68. ^ "20+ Kuroko's Basketball-Linked Locations Receive Threats - News". Anime News Network. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  69. ^ "Japan's Manga-Hating Domestic Terrorist is Still at Large". Kotaku.com. October 31, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  70. ^ "Comiket Loses 10 Million+ Yen Over Kuroko's Basketball Threats - News". Anime News Network. December 24, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
  71. ^ "Suspect Arrested in Kuroko's Basketball Poison Threat Case". Anime News Network. December 15, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  72. ^ "Kuroko's Basketball Doujinshi Event "Kuroket" to be Held By Comic Market". AnimeAnime.Jp. May 5, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  73. ^ "開催のご報告 - 黒子のバスケオンリー同人誌即売会「くろケット」". cmksp.jp. Retrieved September 17, 2015.

External links[edit]