Kurrama River

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Kurrama
River flow in khyber pakhtunkhwa.JPG
Kurram.png
Course of the Kurrama River
Native nameد کورمې سيند  (Pashto)
Location
CountryPakistan
ProvinceKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
RegionKurram Agency
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • location20 km (12 mi) southeast of Gardez, Paktia
MouthIndus River
 • location
near Isa Khel
 • coordinates
32°37′36″N 71°21′53″E / 32.6267°N 71.3648°E / 32.6267; 71.3648Coordinates: 32°37′36″N 71°21′53″E / 32.6267°N 71.3648°E / 32.6267; 71.3648
Length320 km (200 mi)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 • rightGambila

The Kurrama River (Pashto: د کورمې سيند), or Kurram River, originates from watershed of Spin Ghar in the Paktia Province of Afghanistan and the Kurram District of Pakistan, flows through North Waziristan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, passing through the city of Bannu, and then joins the Indus River near Isa Khel. It drains the southern flanks of the Spin Ghar mountain range and is a right bank tributary of the Indus River.

Kurrama river passes through tribal Area of Pakistan, and irrigates around 32,000 hectares (80,000 acres) of land.[1]

Its tributaries include the Kirman River and the Khurmana River.[2][3]

The nearby Kurran-Garhi Project, finished in 1962, provides flood control and is used for irrigation and power.[4] The soil around Kurrama river is very suitable for agriculture; It contains living properties and is subject to flood at some seasons.[5]

Topography

Topography of the catchment area of Kurrama River is, generally, mountainous in upper reaches near Ali Khayl, Mirazi Kalay, Peer Kalai, Kharlachi, Parachinar and Thal areas. Near Bannu city, the river flattens up and follows consistent mild slope up to its outfall in to the Indus River near Isa Khel. The elevations ranging from about 4750 m to 200 m and sloping northwest–southeast. Most of the flat terraces available along the river are utilized for agriculture for which water from the river is utilised. Moreover, there exist number of irrigation canals and civil channels on overtaking from the river.

See also

References

  1. ^ Ali, Fawad (September 21, 2016). "Pakistani officials call for water agreement with Afghanistan". The Third Pole. Retrieved 2020-07-27.
  2. ^ Ali, Zulfiqar (6 June 2005). "Topographic survey of Kurram river planned". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Geography". FATA - Official Web Portal. Archived from the original on 13 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Bannu". britannica.com.
  5. ^ Ullah, Atta; Wazir, Sultan Mehmood; Farooq, Ayesha; Muhammad, Asim; Latif, Abdul; Muhammad, Shah Faisal (2011-06-30). "Soil Features of Kurram River Beds of District Bannu, Pakistan". Pakistan Journal of Plant Sciences. 16–17 (2–1).