Kurram River

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Kurram
River flow in khyber pakhtunkhwa.JPG
Kurram.png
Course of the Kurram
Native nameد کورمې سيند
Location
CountryPakistan
ProvinceKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
RegionKurram Agency
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • location20 km (12 mi) southeast of Gardez, Paktia
MouthIndus River
 • location
Isa Khel
Length320 km (200 mi)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 • rightGambila

Kurram River (Pashto: د کورمې سيند‎) originates from watershed of Koh e sofaid in Kurram District, flows through North Waziristan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan and joins River Indus near Isa Khel. It drains the southern flanks of the Spin Ghar mountain range and is a right bank tributary of the Indus River.

Kurram river passes through tribal Area of Pakistan, and irrigates around 32,000 hectares (80,000 acres) of land.[1]

Its tributaries include the Kirman River and the Khurmana River.[2][3]

The nearby Kurran-Garhi Project (finished in 1962) provides flood control and is used for irrigation and power.[4] The soil around Kurram river is very suitable for agriculture; It contains living properties and is subject to flood at some seasons.[5]

Topography

Topography of the catchment area of Kurram River is, generally, mountainous in upper reaches near Ali Khayl, Mirazi Kalay, Peer Kalai, Kharlachi, Parachinar and Thal areas. Near Bannu city, the river flattens up and follows consistent mild slope up to its outfall in to the Indus River near Isa Khel. The elevations ranging from about 4750 m to 200 m and sloping northwest–southeast. Most of the flat terraces available along the river are utilized for agriculture for which water from the river is utilized. Moreover, there exist number of irrigation canals and civil channels on overtaking from the river.

See also

References

  1. ^ Ali, Fawad; September 21; 2016. "Pakistani officials call for water agreement with Afghanistan". The Third Pole. Retrieved 2020-07-27.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Ali, Zulfiqar (6 June 2005). "Topographic survey of Kurram river planned". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Geography". FATA - Official Web Portal. Archived from the original on 13 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Bannu". britannica.com.
  5. ^ Ullah, Atta; Wazir, Sultan Mehmood; Farooq, Ayesha; Muhammad, Asim; Latif, Abdul; Muhammad, Shah Faisal (2011-06-30). "SOIL FEATURES OF KURRAM RIVER BEDS OF DISTRICT BANNU, PAKISTAN". Pakistan Journal of Plant Sciences. 16–17 (2–1).