|46th Mayor of Baltimore|
December 7, 1987 – December 7, 1999
|Preceded by||Clarence Burns|
|Succeeded by||Martin O'Malley|
|State's Attorney for Baltimore City|
|Preceded by||William A. Swisher|
|Succeeded by||Stuart O. Simms|
|Born||Kurt Lidell Schmoke
December 1, 1949
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Kurt Lidell Schmoke (born December 1, 1949) is an American politician and lawyer who served as the 46th mayor of Baltimore, Maryland, the first African American to be elected mayor. He is the current president of the University of Baltimore (UB), and former Dean of the Howard University School of Law.
Schmoke was born and raised in Baltimore to Murray Schmoke, a civilian chemist for the US Army, and Irene B. Reid, a social worker. He attended the public schools of Baltimore.
Schmoke attended the Baltimore City College, the third oldest high school in the United States and the largest high school in Maryland at the time of his graduation in 1967. Schmoke excelled in both football and lacrosse. His speed afoot and his passing accuracy won him the starting job as the junior varsity and later varsity quarterback. As the varsity quarterback, he led the City Knights to two undefeated seasons and successive Maryland Scholastic Association A-conference championships in 1965 and 1966.
As a student, Schmoke was a member of the Baltimore City College "A-course", a college preparatory curriculum that required him to take Latin and other advanced studies not offered to the average Baltimore high school student. Schmoke was elected president of the school's student government in his senior year but also worked in the Baltimore community with disadvantaged youth. Compulsory community service had not yet been mandated for Baltimore high school students, yet he tutored and mentored young men from the inner city as a member of the Lancers Boys Club.
College and graduate school
Schmoke entered Yale College in the fall of 1967. He played quarterback on the freshman team that year. While at Yale, Schmoke and his classmates started a day care center on campus for the children of the university's janitors and cafeteria workers who lived in New Haven. The center was named after Calvin Hill, a former Yale football star who became a star running back for the Dallas Cowboys, and still stands today.
Schmoke has been acknowledged as the undergraduate student leader who helped quell the possibility of riot on the Yale campus in the wake of the New Haven Black Panther trials in the spring of 1970. As New Haven filled with radical protesters, Yale students demanded the suspension of classes. A bitterly divided faculty met to discuss strategy, and invited a student leader to address the gathering. Schmoke, who was Secretary of the Class of 1971 and a leader of the Black Student Alliance at Yale, was selected to represent the students. He spoke only a few sentences: "The students on this campus are confused, they're frightened. They don't know what to think. You are older than we are, and are more experienced. We want guidance from you, moral leadership. On behalf of my fellow students, I beg you to give it to us." This moment is credited with helping to dispel the growing tensions: the university voted to bend its rules, making classes "voluntarily optional" to the end of the term, and despite small outbreaks of violence, no campus-wide unrest resulted.
After graduating from Harvard Law School, Schmoke joined the Baltimore law firm of Piper and Marbury. In 1977, he was selected to be part of the White House Domestic Policy Staff during the Carter Administration to work in the Department of Transportation. However, after only one year working in President Carter's administration, Schmoke returned to Baltimore to serve as the Assistant United States Attorney, a position he held from 1978 to 1981.
In 1982 Schmoke ran for his first elected office. He challenged incumbent Baltimore City State's Attorney William A. Swisher in a citywide contest. Swisher had won the job away from Milton B. Allen, Baltimore's first African American State's Attorney. Schmoke ran an energetic, grassroots and race-neutral campaign and upset Swisher in a landslide.
On November 3, 1987, he was elected mayor. As mayor, he became known for his opposition to the "War on Drugs" and his stance in favor of drug decriminalization. Schmoke initiated programs in housing, education, public health and economic development. During his three terms in office Schmoke faced very serious challenges, including poor quality schools, drug addiction, and violent crime. Some of his controversial positions included advocating the decriminalization of drug use, and employing Nation of Islam security guards in a housing project. His achievements included improving the environment of low-income housing projects, a needle-exchange program for addicts, keeping the tax rate stable, and attracting the Ravens football team to Baltimore.
In 1992, President George H. W. Bush awarded him the national Literacy Award for his efforts to promote adult literacy, and in 1994 President Bill Clinton cited Baltimore's programs to improve public housing and enhance community economic development and named Baltimore one of six cities to receive Empowerment Zone designation. In 1997, Schmoke served as a committee member for the Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Excellence. After serving three terms as city mayor, Schmoke opted not to run for reelection in 1999.
Advocacy for school choice and school vouchers
In 1999 Schmoke delivered some remarks on the subject of school choice and school vouchers at a Manhattan Institute luncheon in New York. An edited version of a transcript of that speech entitled "Why School Vouchers Can Help Inner-City Children" is available online and in that brief web page, Schmoke explains why he believes [that] school choice and vouchers will improve the quality of public education for America’s youth, particularly inner-city minority children."
Life after politics
After leaving office in December 1999, Schmoke practiced law at the firm of Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering in Baltimore. In 2003, Schmoke was appointed the dean of the Howard University School of Law in Washington, D.C. In 2004, Schmoke was appointed an honorary fellow of Balliol College, Oxford. He is also on the board of Global Rights, and a member of the Christian and Missionary Alliance. In 2008, Schmoke delivered the keynote lecture, “A New Hundred Years War? The Compelling Need to Reform National Drug Control Policy” for the Edward Bouchet Conference on Diversity in Graduate Education at Yale University.
He also appeared in two 2004 episodes of the acclaimed HBO series The Wire. The episodes, entitled "Middle Ground" and "Mission Accomplished", featured Schmoke in a bit part as a health commissioner. He acts as an advisor to the fictional mayor after a rogue police major has legalized drugs in a portion of the city. This is a reference to his own feelings on the drug war.
In July 2008 Kurt Schmoke became the acting Senior Vice President of Academic Matters at Howard University, a position that in effect made Schmoke provost for the university. Schmoke continued as Dean of the Howard University School of Law. It had been rumored he would be named the new president. Schmoke also taught election law as a seminar class every fall semester to third year law students.
In January 2009, Schmoke was seen holding an umbrella for Illinois Senate designee Roland Burris during an outdoor press conference concerning Burris' seating controversy. Schmoke was part of the legal team advising Burris during the controversy. Schmoke was appointed Vice President and General Counsel of Howard University in July 2012. On May 14, 2014, the University of Baltimore announced that Schmoke would become its new president. On September 8, 2017, President Schmoke made the decision to have Department of Education Secretary Betsy DeVos as the Fall 2017 commencement speaker.
- YAM November 2000 – Powerful Persuader Archived May 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Schmoke, Kurt L. "On the Calvin Hill Day Care Center". Retrieved 26 April 2013.
- Powerful Persuader, in the Yale Alumni Magazine, November 2000
- Mayday at Yale: A Case Study in Student Radicalism, John Taft, Westview Press, 1976
- Biographies Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Baltimore City History of Mayors - Kurt L. Schmoke". msa.maryland.gov. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
- "Weaver's vision starts it all". Baltimore Sun. September 23, 1999. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2009.
- "Schmoke, Kurt L. (1949– )". BlackPast.org. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
- "Welcome to Empower Baltimore". www.ebmc.org. Archived from the original on April 14, 2016. Retrieved April 14, 2016.
- "Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Excellence". Selection Committees. Bruner Foundation. Archived from the original on January 7, 2014. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- Janofsky, Michael (February 25, 1999). "Baltimore Leaders Sour on Entire Mayoral Field". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- "Why School Vouchers Can Help Inner-City Children". 1999. Archived from the original on March 12, 2014. Retrieved March 11, 2014.
I [...] believe that the Democratic Party should reevaluate its position on school choice issues. [...] Some say that school choice is elitist, or even racist. The truth is that black low-income children are among the prime victims of the nation’s failing public schools. African-American parents know this all too well. This is why they have been so open to the idea of school choice.
- Kram, Mark; Tom Pendergast. "Kurt Schmoke Biography – Started Strong, Wise Beyond His Years, A Successful Lawyer, Strong Start as Mayor of Baltimore". Net Industries. Retrieved April 11, 2008.
- David Simon, George P. Pelecanos (2004-12-12). "Middle Ground". The Wire. Season 3. Episode 11. HBO.
- "Episode guide – episode 36 Middle Ground". HBO. 2004. Retrieved August 24, 2006.
- David Simon, Ed Burns (2004-12-19). "Mission Accomplished". The Wire. Season 3. Episode 12. HBO.
- "Episode guide – episode 37 Mission Accomplished". HBO. 2004. Retrieved August 24, 2006.
- Margaret Talbot (2007). "Stealing Life". The New Yorker. Retrieved October 14, 2007.
- "Office of the Provost and Chief Academic Officer". Provost.howard.edu. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
- "Schmoke Offers Aid To U.S. Senate Nominee Burris". WJZ-TV (Baltimore). January 9, 2009. Retrieved January 19, 2009.[permanent dead link]
- "Kurt Schmoke". Forbes. Retrieved April 29, 2015.
- "News Releases". ubalt.edu. Retrieved April 29, 2015.
Clarence "Du" Burns
|Mayor of Baltimore
Martin J. O'Malley
William A. Swisher
|State's Attorney Baltimore City
Stuart O. Simms