Kurti top

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kurti top is an upper garment worn in the Indian subcontinent encompassing waistcoats, jackets and blouses.


In modern usage, a short kurta is referred to as the kurti, which is the attire of females. However, traditionally, the term kurti refers to waist coats,[1] jackets and blouses[2] which sit above the waist without side slits, and are believed to have descended from the tunic of the Shunga period (2nd century B.C.).[3] The kurti is distinguished from the choli by the latter leaving the midriff exposed.

The Kurti can be a unisex garment, in the same way the Kurta can be a unisex garment. The main difference generally is that the Kurti Top is much longer, whereas the Kurta is a bit shorter. [4] "Usually the Kurti was longer than male's Kurta, for sometimes it reached down [past] the knees. (Raghoo 1984:3) * She use to wear long dress and kurtee and tie a handkerchief on her head. (Deen 1994:167)."

It is a typical dressing pattern of Indians especially the northern regions.

The trend and origin of this clothing style is from the northern India and even today the other parts of the nation though modernalized wear kurti but it is worn by females majorly in north while the south prefers saree.

There are a number of styles of kurti which include the following:

Punjabi kurti[edit]

In the Punjab region, the kurti is a short cotton waist coat[5] which is buttoned down the front to the waist. In the past, women wore a chain of gold or silver called zanjiri around the buttons. Men wore the zanjiri on the kurta in the Punjab region.[6]

Another style of Punjabi kurti is a short version of the anga (robe).[7] The kurti can also be half or full sleeved and hip length with no front or back opening. Men's kurti is called phatui or wastkot in Punjabi.[8] The kurti of South Punjab, Pakistan is referred to as the Saraiki kurti.

Based on the wish of the consumer the length of the kurti can be decided.

Bihari kurti[edit]

In Bihar, the term kurti is used to refer to a bodice[9] which is a combination of the choli and jacket.

Uttar Pradesh[edit]

The kurti in Uttar Pradesh and the adjoining Himalayas region is a short blouse.[10]


In Gujarat and Kathiawar, the type of kurti (coat) falls to just below the waist.[11]


The men's kurt in Rajasthan is a full sleeved, tightly fitting, buttonless vest.[12][13]



  1. ^ Forbes, Duncan (1861) A smaller Hindustani and English dictionary
  2. ^ Bahri, Hardev (2006) Advanced learner's Hindi English Dictionary
  3. ^ Panjab University Research Bulletin: Arts, Volume 13, Issue 1 - Volume 14, Issue (1982) [1]
  4. ^ Winer, Lise (2009-01-16). Dictionary of the English/Creole of Trinidad & Tobago: On Historical Principles. McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. ISBN 978-0-7735-7607-0.
  5. ^ Punjab District Gazetteers: Rawalpindi District (v. 28A) (1909)
  6. ^ Kehal, Harkesh Singh (2011) Alop ho riha Punjabi virsa bhag dooja. Lokgeet Parkashan. ISBN 978-93-5017-532-3
  7. ^ Compiled and published under the authority of the Punjab government (1939)Punjab District and State Gazetteers: Part A.[2]
  8. ^ Walter Pullin Hares (1929) An English-Punjabi Dictionary
  9. ^ Flynn, Dorris (1071) Costumes of India
  10. ^ Vanessa Betts, Victoria McCulloch (2014) Indian Himalaya Footprint Handbook: Includes Corbett National Park, Darjeeling, Leh, Sikkim [3]
  11. ^ Sharma, Brijendra Nath (1972) Social and Cultural History of Northern India: C. 1000-1200 A.D [4]
  12. ^ Census of India, 1961: Rajasthan
  13. ^ "Sleeveless Kurt Designs For Women". gounique. 2 December 2021.