Kushima Castle

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Kushima Castle
玖島城
Ōmura, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan
Kushima castle 200901.jpg
Reconstructed yagura of Kushima Castle
Omura Castle air.jpg
Kushima Castle from the air
Coordinates32°53′49″N 129°57′28″E / 32.89694°N 129.95778°E / 32.89694; 129.95778Coordinates: 32°53′49″N 129°57′28″E / 32.89694°N 129.95778°E / 32.89694; 129.95778
TypeHirayama-style Japanese castle
Site information
Open to
the public
yes
Conditionruins
Site history
Built1599, rebuilt 1614
Built byŌmura Yoshiaki
In useEdo period
Demolished1871
Omura Castle, Japan

Kushima Castle (玖島城, Kushima-jō), also known as Ōmura Castle (大村城, Ōmura-jō) from its location, is a Japanese castle located in Ōmura, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan.[1]

History[edit]

Kushima castle is built on a peninsula extending into Ōmura Bay. Kushima Castle was the ancestral home of the Ōmura clan, having first been constructed in the Kamakura period by descendants of Fujiwara no Sumitomo. It was the base of Kirishitan daimyō Ōmura Yoshiaki (1568–1615), who assisted Toyotomi Hideyoshi in securing control of Kyūshū. After Hideyoshi’s death and the Battle of Sekigahara, the Ōmura clan was confirmed by shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu as a tozama han with revenues of 27,000 koku in their ancestral territories. The Sengoku period castle of 1598 was rebuilt in 1614 by Ōmura Sumiyori per plans draw up by noted castle designer Katō Kiyomasa. After the start of the national isolation policy and the persecution of the Japanese Christians, many local Christians were herded into the grounds of Ōmura Castle and forced to take poison in 1616.[2] Ōmura Sumiyori himself was poisoned in 1619.

The Ōmura daimyo remained in residence at Kushima Castle until the Meiji Restoration of 1868. It was the seat of the local government until 1871, when the former Ōmura Domain was merged into the new Nagasaki Prefecture. The donjon was pulled down in 1871, as were all of the supporting structures. Today, only the moat and portions of stone walls remain.

In 1884, a Shinto shrine was erected on the foundations of the former keep, in honor of the spirits of the generations of Ōmura daimyo. In 1981, one of the yagura and some earthen walls were reconstructed.[3] The site of the castle now forms Ōmura Park, which contains a number of protected plant species, including many examples of the Ōmura sakura and extensive public gardens.[4]

References[edit]

  • Schmorleitz, Morton S. (1974). Castles in Japan. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Co. pp. 144–145. ISBN 0-8048-1102-4.
  • Motoo, Hinago (1986). Japanese Castles. Tokyo: Kodansha. p. 200 pages. ISBN 0-87011-766-1.
  • Mitchelhill, Jennifer (2004). Castles of the Samurai: Power and Beauty. Tokyo: Kodansha. p. 112 pages. ISBN 4-7700-2954-3.
  • Turnbull, Stephen (2003). Japanese Castles 1540–1640. Osprey Publishing. p. 64 pages. ISBN 1-84176-429-9.
  • Turnbull, Stephen (1998). The Kakure Kirishitan of Japan: A Study of Their Development, Beliefs and Rituals to the Present Day. RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 1-873410-70-0.

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Schmorleitz, Castles in Japan
  2. ^ Trumbull, The Kakure Kirishitan of Japan
  3. ^ [1][permanent dead link] Japanese Castle Explorer
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-02-06. Omura city home page