Kutkai

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Kutkai
ကွတ်ခိုင်
Town
Kutkai is located in Myanmar
Kutkai
Kutkai
Location in Burma
Coordinates: 23°27′N 97°56′E / 23.450°N 97.933°E / 23.450; 97.933Coordinates: 23°27′N 97°56′E / 23.450°N 97.933°E / 23.450; 97.933
Country  Burma
State Shan State
District Mu Se District
Township Kutkai Township
Time zone MST (UTC+6.30)

Kutkai (Burmese: ကွတ်ခိုင် kwat hkuing [kʊʔ.kʰàɪ̯ɴ]) is a town and seat of Kutkai Township, in the Shan State of eastern-central Burma. It lies along National Highway 3, approximately 24 kilometres to the north of Lashio .[1][2]

History[edit]

In the early 20th century, the area around Kutkai was explored by British botanists. In 1912, Stephenson documented that he had found the earthworm species Pheretima molesta of the genus Pheretima in Katkai.[3]

Shan State became a major Christian area of Burma from the mid 19th century.[4] Kutkai was an important centre for the Kachin Baptist Church and was visited by missionaries, notably Baptist Reverend George J. Geis in the 1930s and Gustaf A. Sword from 1936 to 1942.[5][6] Geis died in Kutkai on October 28, 1936 whilst he was working there at the Kachin Bible Training School he had established.[7]

A B-25 Mitchell, the same type of aircraft as those that bombed Kutkai

During World War II, Kutkai was occupied by the Japanese. On September 10, 1944, the Chinese Fourteenth Air Force sent out 45 B-25 Mitchells to bomb Kutkai along with the towns of Tunganhsien, Lingling[disambiguation needed] and Tunghsiangchiao.[8] but the town was abandoned without a fight when the Chinese reached it on February 19, 1945.[9]

In July 1954, Hoo Kya Chin, a Kokang businessman from Mu Kwan was arrested by the immigration officials in kutkai for not carrying an identification card which caused some controversy in the region.[10]

In the 1980s, two privates and a sergeant of the Kachin Independence Army insurgent 4th Brigade surrendered at Kutkai garrison.[11]

Geography[edit]

Map showing location of Kutkai

Kutkai is situated in eastern-central Burma, several kilometres by road north of Hsenwi and about 24 kilometres north of Lashio. It lies at an altitude of 4800 feet. To the east of Kutkai is the Nam Ting River and the Salween River.

It sits on Mandalay-Lashio-Muse road aka Asian Highway route 14 (AH14). it is 222 miles from Mandalay, 58 miles from Lashio and 68 miles to Muse. Kutkai-Tarmoene road is 17 miles, Kutkai-Kaungkha road is 8 miles, Kutkai-Manbyien road is 8miles and Kutkai-Karlaing road is 8miles also.[12]

Economy[edit]

As with many parts of Burma, the economy relies on agriculture, particularly rice production. Villagers in Kutkai Township are generally well educated in farming practices and in canning-bottling.[13] Of major note is the Kutkai Market in the town where people come from miles to sell their goods. Kutkai High School is located in the southern part of the town. The town also contains the Kutkai General Hospital.

In the 1990s, Kutkai township was exposed as a major raw opium producing area. From September 1996, the U.S. Department of State funded $530,000 and established agricultural cooperatives in 25 villages in Kutkai township to crack down on the illegal drugs trade by promoting the growth of buckwheat, wheat, potatoes and other vegetables.[14] Large quantities of opium were confiscated from the houses of villagers in the area in the summer of 1999.[15] On July 31-August 1, 2003, a refinery was raided in Kutkai Township between the villages of Namhsaungkye and Nampyin revealing 62.452 kilos of heroin, 36.4 kilos of raw opium, 661.5 litres of lysol, 135 kilos of ether, 2,844 litres of chloroform, 202.5 litres of hydrochloric acid, 972 litres of acetic anhydrite, 2,975 kilos of ammonium chloride, 500 kilos of sodium carbonate, 500 grams of potassium chloride and 3.6 kilos of sodium, various weapons and 13 implements used in the refining of narcotic drugs.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google Maps (Map). Google. 
  2. ^ Bing Maps (Map). Microsoft and Harris Corporation Earthstar Geographics LLC. 
  3. ^ Records of the Indian Museum, Volume 34. Indian Museum, (Calcutta, India), Zoological Survey of India, The Museum; Manager of Publications, Govt. of India Press. 1932. p. 435. 
  4. ^ "HIstory of Shan Churches" (PDF). Shan Missions. Retrieved November 8, 2010. 
  5. ^ Herman G. Tegenfeldt (1974). A century of growth: the Kachin Baptist Church of Burma. William Carey Library. ISBN 0-87808-416-9. 
  6. ^ Contributions to Asian studies, Volumes 13-16. E. J. Brill. 1979. p. 143. ISBN 90-04-05882-6. 
  7. ^ Annual report ... American Baptist Foreign Mission Society. 1937. p. 54. 
  8. ^ Keith D. Dickson (2008). World War II Almanac, Volume 2. Infobase Publishing. p. 700. ISBN 0-8160-6297-8. 
  9. ^ Time Runs Out in CBI. Government Printing Office. p. 227. 
  10. ^ Yang, Li (1997). The house of Yang: guardians of an unknown frontier. Bookpress. p. 72. 
  11. ^ Summary of world broadcasts: Far East, Part 3. Monitoring Service of the British Broadcasting Corp. 1987. 
  12. ^ http://www.mrtv3.net.mm/open6/131009for1.html
  13. ^ Richard T. Arndt, David Lee Rubin (1996). The Fulbright difference. Studies on cultural diplomacy and the Fulbright experience, Transaction Publishers. p. 22. ISBN 1-56000-861-X. 
  14. ^ "Current Projects of OSS-101 Association, Inc". OSS. Retrieved November 8, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Opium, arms seized in Kutkai". Burma Library. August 18, 1999. Retrieved November 8, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Opium refinery exposed in Kutkai Township". The New Light of Myanmar. August 14, 2003. Archived from the original on 2005-01-29. Retrieved November 8, 2010. 

External links[edit]