Kutubdia Upazila

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Kutubdia Upazila
কুতুবদিয়া
Upazila
Kutubdia Upazila is located in Bangladesh
Kutubdia Upazila
Kutubdia Upazila
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 21°49′N 91°51.5′E / 21.817°N 91.8583°E / 21.817; 91.8583Coordinates: 21°49′N 91°51.5′E / 21.817°N 91.8583°E / 21.817; 91.8583
Country  Bangladesh
Division Chittagong Division
District Cox's Bazar District
Area
 • Total 215.8 km2 (83.3 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 125,279
 • Density 580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Website Official Map of Kutubdia
Kutubdia Lighthouse
Kutubdia Upazila is located in Bangladesh
Kutubdia Upazila
Bangladesh
Location Kutubdia
Bangladesh
Coordinates 21°51′54″N 91°50′33″E / 21.864972°N 91.842389°E / 21.864972; 91.842389
Year first constructed 1846 (first)
Year first lit 2004 (current)
Foundation concrete base
Construction metal skeletal tower (current)
masonry tower (first)[1]
Tower shape square pyramidal skeletal tower with balcony and lantern
Markings / pattern white and red horizontal bands, white and red horizontal daymark on the top[1]
Height 35 metres (115 ft) (current)[2]
34 metres (112 ft) (first)[1]
Focal height 37 metres (121 ft) (current)[2]
37 metres (121 ft) (first)[1]
Range 20 nautical miles (37 km; 23 mi)[2]
Characteristic Fl (3) W 10s.[2]
Racon K[2]
Admiralty number F1054 [2]
NGA number 26760[2]
ARLHS number BAN-004[1]
Managing agent Bangladesh Department of Shipping[1]

Kutubdia (Bengali: কুতুবদিয়া) is an Upazila of Cox's Bazar District[3] in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh. The upazila consists of an island in the Bay of Bengal, off the coast near Chakaria, Cox's Bazar.

History[edit]

A police station at Kutubdia was established in 1917. The island was upgraded into an upazila in 1983. Saint Hazrat Abdul Malek Shah was born on this island.

Kutubdia has an area of 36 square miles (93 km2), 18 miles (29 km) in length and 2 miles (3.2 km) in breadth. It is famous for the only lighthouse in Bangladesh which was built by the British during the British rule. Kutubdia is rich in producing salt and dried fish, locally known as 'Shutki'.

Geography[edit]

Kutubdia is located at 21°49′00″N 91°51′30″E / 21.8167°N 91.8583°E / 21.8167; 91.8583. It has 58,463 households and a total area of 215.8 square kilometres (83.3 sq mi). Climate change and sea level rise threaten to submerge the island in the Bay of Bengal.[4]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Kutubdia had a population of 1,25,000.[citation needed] Males constituted 51% of the population, and females 49%. The population aged 18 or over was 41, 755. Kutubdia had an average literacy rate of 24.1% (7+ years), the national average being 32.4% literate. The most populated area is Ali Akbar Dale. Thousands of visitors visit this island daily due to journeys and other business related work.

Administration[edit]

Kutubdia has 6 Unions/Wards, 9 Mauzas/Mahallas, and 29 villages. The only town of the island is the Borogoph town, with an area of 9.82 km2 (3.8 sq mi).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Bangladesh". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 30 September 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g List of Lights, Pub. 112: Western Pacific and Indian Oceans Including the Persian Gulf and Red Sea (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2016. 
  3. ^ Md Wajed Ali Kutubi (2012), "Kutubdia Upazila", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal, Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh 
  4. ^ Vidal, John (2013-01-29). "Sea change: the Bay of Bengal's vanishing islands". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-03-20.