Kuupik Vandersee Kleist
|4th Prime Minister of Greenland|
12 June 2009 – 5 April 2013
|Preceded by||Hans Enoksen|
|Succeeded by||Aleqa Hammond|
|Chairman of the OCT|
23 January 2012 – 25 September 2012
|Deputy||Jens B. Frederiksen|
|Leader of the Inuit Ataqatigiit|
10 June 2007 – 31 March 2014
|Deputy||Aqqaluaq B. Egede|
|Preceded by||Josef Motzfeldt|
|Succeeded by||Sara Olsvig|
|Member of the Greenlandic Parliament|
|Assumed office |
8 February 2002
|Member of the Danish Parliament|
20 November 2001 – 13 November 2007
|Member of the Greenlandic Parliament|
|Minister of Public Works and Transport|
|Prime Minister||Lars Emil Johansen|
Jakob Edvard Kuupik Kleist
31 March 1958
|Political party||Inuit Ataqatigiit (IA)|
|Spouse(s)||Aviaaja Vandersee Kleist (2012–present)|
|Alma mater||University of Roskilde|
Jakob Edvard Kuupik Kleist (born 31 March 1958) is a Greenlandic politician who served as the fifth Prime Minister of Greenland between 2009 and 2013. A member of the Inuit Ataqatigiit party, he was the first Prime Minister not affiliated with Siumut.
Early life and career
Kleist was born on 31 March 1958 to a Danish telegraphist and a Greenlandic mother in Qullissat, and was raised by his aunt and uncle. He attended primary school in Qullissat from 1966 until 1972 when the mining town was abandoned and then he attended lower secondary school in Sisimiut until 1975. When he was 17, he was sent to Denmark, alone and with no prior knowledge of Danish. He attended the Birkerød State School in Denmark from 1975 to 1978. Kleist graduated from Roskilde University in 1983 with a master's degree in social work (socionom). He taught journalism in Nuuk from 1988 to 1991.
In 1996, Kleist was appointed the Director of the Foreign Office of the Greenland Home Rule Government (Direktør for hjemmestyrets udenrigskontor). He was a Member of the Danish Parliament from 20 November 2001 to 13 November 2007, representing the Inuit Ataqatigiit (IA) party. IA will be the first party to govern the autonomous Danish territory under an expanded home rule agreement known as "self-rule" (selvstyre). While the self-rule agreement has been referred to a step towards eventual full independence from Denmark, Kleist's administration is expected to put "any push for independence [...] on the backburner", given his pledge to focus on social issues such as alcoholism, domestic violence and a high suicide rate.
Kleist had risen to power on an agenda that included cleaning up following government scandals.
Since 2007, he has been the leader of IA, a leftist political party which works towards Greenland's eventual full autonomy from Denmark. The party received the most votes in the 2009 election. In June 2009 the Greenlandic parliament therefore elected Kleist the fifth Prime Minister of Greenland. Kleist also had a very successful election himself and won 5,461 personal votes compared to just 1,413 votes for incumbent Prime Minister Hans Enoksen.
In late August 2009 Kleist met with Admiral Tim Sloth Jørgensen and General Walter Natynczyk, the chiefs of defense staff for Denmark and Canada, respectively. Admiral Jørgensen and General Natynczyk were conducting a tour of Danish and Canadian military bases in the Arctic.
- The Necessary Voice of Greenland - Information.dk. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- Thomas Borchert: "Troubled Greenland looks inward amid greater autonomy" Archived 10 December 2012 at Archive.today - Deutsche Presse Agentur. 18 June 2009
- Self-rule introduced in Greenland - BBC News. Published 21 June 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2009.
- Greenland Votes to Get Tough on Investors; New Ruling Party Campaigned to Backtrack on Country's Recent Opening to Investment From Foreign Mining Ventures 13 March 2013 WSJ
- Landsstyreformand Enoksen træder tilbage - DR Forside (in Danish) - DR.dk. Published 3 June 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- IA vandt stort i Grønland - DR Forside (in Danish) - DR.dk. Published 3 June 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "The Danish Chief of Defence, Admiral Jørgensen, pays a visit to Nunavut and Greenland to plan for future defence of the region". Canadian American Strategic Review. 20 August 2009. Archived from the original on 3 September 2009.