Kuwait International Airport

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Kuwait International Airport
مطار الكويت الدولي
Kuwait airport.jpg
IATA: KWIICAO: OKBK
Summary
Airport type Public / Military
Operator Directorate General of Civil Aviation
Serves Kuwait City, Kuwait
Location Farwaniya Governorate, Kuwait
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 206 ft / 63 m
Coordinates 29°13′36″N 047°58′48″E / 29.22667°N 47.98000°E / 29.22667; 47.98000Coordinates: 29°13′36″N 047°58′48″E / 29.22667°N 47.98000°E / 29.22667; 47.98000
Website http://www.dgca.gov.kw
Map
KWI is located in Kuwait
KWI
KWI
Location of airport in Kuwait
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15R/33L 3,400 11,155 Concrete
15L/33R 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 9,376,618 Increase
Sources:[1][2]

Kuwait International Airport (Arabic: مطار الكويت الدولي‎‎, IATA: KWIICAO: OKBK) is located in Farwaniya, Kuwait, 15.5 kilometers (9.6 mi) south of Kuwait City, spread over an area of 37.7 square kilometres (14.6 sq mi). It serves as hub for Jazeera Airways and Kuwait Airways. A portion of the airport complex is designated as Al Mubarak Air Base, which contains the headquarters of the Kuwait Air Force, as well as the Kuwait Air Force Museum.

Overview[edit]

The airport was first launched in the period of 1927-1928.[3] It was originally envisioned as a stop for British planes on their way to British India. The main airport structure was executed and completed by Al Hani Construction joint venture with Ballast Nedam, The Netherlands.

The airport underwent a massive renovation and expansion project from 1999–2001, in which the former parking lot was cleared and a terminal expansion was built. This incorporated new check-in areas, a new entrance to the airport, the construction of a multi-story parking structure, and an airport mall.

Kuwait International Airport can currently handle more than nine million passengers a year. A new general aviation terminal was completed in 2008 under a BOT scheme and is operated by Royal Aviation. By the end of 2008, however, this terminal was modified to handle the scheduled services of now-defunct Wataniya Airways along with general aviation traffic. The terminal was renamed as Sheikh Saad Terminal.

In 2011 the Department of Civil Aviation announced the intention of extending Kuwait International Airport so it can handle more passengers and more aircraft. On 3 October 2011, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation announced that a new Foster + Partners-designed terminal will begin construction in 2012 and will increase the annual passenger handling amount to 13 million passengers in its first phase with the option of expanding to 25 million passengers. The airport has finalized formalities for the construction of the terminal, which is due to begin construction in 2012 with completion by 2016. It would be built to the south of the current terminal complex with new access routes from the Seventh Ring Road to the south of the airport compound. It is designed as a three-pointed star, with each point extending 600 meters from the star's center. Two airside hotels will form part of the new building. In December 2012 the Kuwaiti Ministry of Public Works announced that the new Terminal at the Kuwait International Airport will be completed by the end of 2016, estimating the cost to be around 900 million Kuwaiti Dinar ($3.2 billion). As of June 2014, the firm have quit the project due to several reasons with the project half-way complete.[4] In August 2014, the project is back on track with 3 new companies bidding.[5]

On 20 May 2013, The Director of Operations Management in the General Administration of Civil Aviation Essam Al-Zamil, announced that some of the flights will be diverted to the Sheikh Saad Terminal instead of Kuwait Airport's main terminal, starting in July. He said that due to the large number of passengers and the growing number of aircraft, Kuwait Airport is over capacity. "This will be temporary until the new Terminal finishes in 2016" said Al-Zamil.[6]

Military[edit]

The airport is home to the Abdullah al-Mubarak Air Base which is used by the Kuwaiti Armed Forces and has been used by Italian Air Force Boeing KC-767A's since October 2014 for the fight against ISIL.[7]

Facilities[edit]

The airport resides at an elevation of 204 feet (62 m) above mean sea level. It has two runways: 15R/33L with a concrete surface measuring 3,400 m × 46 m (11,155 ft × 151 ft) and 15L/33R with an asphalt surface measuring 3,500 m × 46 m (11,483 ft × 151 ft).[1]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines offer scheduled passenger service:[8][9]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Arabia Sharjah 1
Air Arabia Egypt Alexandria-Borg el Arab 1
Air Arabia Jordan Amman-Queen Alia 1
Air Cairo Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Assiut, Sohag 1
Air India Ahmedabad, Chennai, Hyderabad, Goa 1
Air India Express Kozhikode, Mangalore 1 1
AlMasria Universal Airlines Cairo 1
Ata Airlines Mashhad 1
AtlasJet Istanbul-Atatürk 1
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka
Seasonal: Chittagong, Dammam
1
British Airways London-Heathrow 1
Bulgaria Air Seasonal: Bourgas, Sofia, Varna 1
Cham Wings Airlines Damascus, Latakia 1
Cebu Pacific Manila 1
EgyptAir Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Cairo, Luxor, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sohag 1
Emirates Dubai-International 1
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa 1
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 1
FlyBaghdad Baghdad 1
flydubai Dubai-Al Maktoum,[10] Dubai-International Sheikh Saad Terminal
FlyEgypt Alexandria-Borg el Arab,[11] Assiut,[11] Sohag[11] 1
Flynas Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh, Taif 1
Gulf Air Bahrain 1
Iran Air Ahwaz, Isfahan, Lar, Mashhad, Shiraz 1
Iran Aseman Airlines Abadan,[12] Ahwaz, Lamerd, Mashhad, Shiraz 1
Iraqi Airways Najaf 1
Jazeera Airways Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Amman-Queen Alia, Assiut, Bahrain, Beirut, Cairo, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Dubai-International, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jeddah, Luxor, Mashhad, Najaf, Riyadh, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sohag
Seasonal: Ta'if[13]
1
Jet Airways Mumbai 1
KLM Amsterdam, Dammam 1
Kuwait Airways Abu Dhabi, Ahmedabad, Amman-Queen Alia, Bahrain, Bangalore, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beirut , Cairo, Chennai, Colombo, Dammam, Delhi, Dhaka, Doha, Dubai-International, Frankfurt, Geneva (ends 28 October 2016),[14] Islamabad, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jeddah, Kochi, Lahore, London-Heathrow, Manila, Mashhad, Medina, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Najaf, New York-JFK, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Thiruvananthapuram
Seasonal: Sarajevo, Vienna
1
Lufthansa Frankfurt 1
Mahan Air Mashhad, Shiraz, Tehran-Imam Khomeini 1
Meraj Airlines Mashhad 1
Middle East Airlines Beirut 1
Nile Air Cairo, Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Luxor 1
Oman Air Muscat 1
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Sialkot 1
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 1
Philippine Airlines Dubai-International, Manila 1
Qatar Airways Doha 1
Rotana Jet Abu Dhabi 1
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 1
Saudia Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh 1
Shaheen Air Lahore 1
Syrian Air Damascus, Latakia 1
SriLankan Airlines Colombo 1
Taban Airlines Mashhad 1
Turkish Airlines Adana, Istanbul-Atatürk, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya,[15] Bursa,[15] Izmir,[15] Trabzon[15]
1
Zagros Airlines Mashhad, Shiraz 1
Notes
  • ^1 Air India Express Flight 890 makes a stop in Bahrain but the return flight to Manglore is direct.

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air France Cargo Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Hong Kong
Cargolux Taipei, Hong Kong, Luxembourg
Cargolux Italia Seasonal: Milan-Malpensa
Star Air Aviation Karachi
DHL Aviation Bahrain
EgyptAir Cargo Seasonal: Cairo, Sharjah
Emirates SkyCargo Seasonal: Dubai-Al Maktoum
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, Djibouti, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Sharjah
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Riyadh
Iran Air Cargo Tehran-Imam Khomeini
KLM Cargo Amsterdam, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Mumbai
National Air Cargo Dubai-Al Maktoum, Hong Kong, Kandahar
Turkish Airlines Cargo Dhaka, Istanbul-Atatürk
Qatar Airways Cargo Dhaka, Doha, Lahore

Statistics[edit]

Departures area

2008 through 2015[16][17]

Year Commercial Aircraft Non-Commercial Aircraft Passengers Freight (in metric tonnes)
2009 78,597 19,963 8,125,747 197,213
2010 79,350 14,927 8,332,857 208,295
2011 71,519 13,598 8,466,737 195,066
2012 75,588 9,979 8,877,883 181,413
2013 78,135 6,796 9,376,618 176,261
2014 85,100 10,276,563 188,874
2015 93,948 11,100,000 170,239
2016 (Jan) 8,395 1,041,696 14,689

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 25 August 1973, Douglas DC-6 belonging to Yemen Airlines was hijacked during a flight from Taiz to Asmara. After making a refueling stop in Djibouti, the aircraft was taken to Kuwait where the single hijacker surrendered.[18]
  • On 17 December 1973, a terrorist attack on Rome's Fiumicino Airport ended with the hijacking of a Lufthansa Boeing 737-100 that was preparing to depart to Munich. The aircraft was taken to Kuwait where the hijackers surrendered one day later.[19]
  • On 5 June 1977, Middle East Airlines Boeing 707 was hijacked during a flight from Beirut to Baghdad. The ordeal ended in Kuwait when the aircraft was stormed and the single hijacker was arrested.[20]
  • On 24 July 1980, two hijackers demanding money surrendered after hijacking a Kuwait Airways Boeing 737-200 during a flight from Beirut.[21]
  • On 2 August 1990, British Airways Flight 149 carrying 349 passengers landed at Kuwait International Airport just four hours after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, leading to the capture of the passengers and crew. The Boeing 747-100 aircraft was looted by the Iraqis and destroyed. All passengers and crew were reported safe. A McDonnell Douglas DC-9 belonging to the Kuwait Air Force was also destroyed in the airport. It is believed that during the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait many of the planes belonging to Kuwait Airways were stolen from the airport and stored in different locations in Iraq, some of which were later destroyed by allied bombings in 1991.
  • On 25 February 1991, USMC McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II crash-landed after being hit by ground fire during the Kuwait Liberation War.[22]
  • On 10 December 1999, three US military personnel died when a USAF Lockheed C-130 Hercules made a hard emergency landing at Kuwait International Airport after sustaining damage from landing short of the runway at nearby Jaber al-Ahmad Airbase.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Airport information for OKBK from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
  2. ^ Airport information for KWI at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  3. ^ "History". Kuwait International Airport. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Firms quit Kuwait airport project; second terminal put on hold". Zawya. 15 June 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "Three more companies bid for airport project". Arab Times. 26 August 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  6. ^ "Diverted flights to Sheikh Saad Terminal". iNews Arabia. 20 May 2013. 
  7. ^ AirForces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. July 2016. p. 8. 
  8. ^ "Flights Timetable | Travellers - Kuwait International Airport". Schedules Section, Air Transport Department, DGCA. 2016-04-20. 
  9. ^ "Air Koryo". Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  10. ^ "flydubai to add new operations from DWC". flydubai. 4 August 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c http://airlineroute.net/2016/04/25/ft-may16update1/
  12. ^ "Direct flight between Abadan, Kuwait resume". 
  13. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/267471/jazeera-airways-adds-seasonal-taif-flights-june-sep-2016/
  14. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/268427/kuwait-airways-cancels-geneva-frankfurt-w16-changes/
  15. ^ a b c d "Turkish Airlines Expands Kuwait Seasonal Service in S16". airlineroute. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 
  16. ^ "Kuwait International Airport Statistics". Statistics Section, Air Transport Department, DGCA. 2013-08-05. 
  17. ^ "طفرة في عدد المسافرين عبر المطار تجاوزت ملايين في". الوطـــن الإلكترونية. 
  18. ^ [1], Aviation Safety Network.
  19. ^ [2], Aviation Safety Network.
  20. ^ [3], Aviation Safety Network.
  21. ^ [4], Aviation Safety Network.
  22. ^ [5], Aviation Safety Network.
  23. ^ "Star Air Aviation (Pvt) Ltd.". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Kuwait International Airport at Wikimedia Commons