Kuwait International Airport

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Kuwait International Airport

مطار الكويت الدولي
Kuwait airport.png
Kuwait airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic / military
OperatorDirectorate General of Civil Aviation
ServesKuwait City, Kuwait
LocationFarwaniya Governorate, Kuwait
Hub for
Elevation AMSL206 ft / 63 m
Coordinates29°13′36″N 047°58′48″E / 29.22667°N 47.98000°E / 29.22667; 47.98000Coordinates: 29°13′36″N 047°58′48″E / 29.22667°N 47.98000°E / 29.22667; 47.98000
Websitehttps://kuwaitairport.gov.kw
Map
KWI is located in Kuwait
KWI
KWI
Location of airport in Kuwait
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15R/33L 3,400 11,155 Concrete
15L/33R 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers15,735,580
Sources:[1][2]

Kuwait International Airport (Arabic: مطار الكويت الدولي‎, IATA: KWI, ICAO: OKBK) is an international airport located in Farwaniya, Kuwait, 15.5 kilometers (9.6 mi) south of Kuwait City, spread over an area of 37.7 square kilometres (14.6 sq mi). It serves as the primary hub for Kuwait Airways and Jazeera Airways.

A portion of the airport complex is designated as Abdullah Al-Mubarak Air Base, which contains the headquarters of the Kuwait Air Force, as well as the Kuwait Air Force Museum.[3]

From 13 March 2020, all commercial flights at Kuwait international airport were suspended, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

History[edit]

The airport was first launched in 1927–1928.[4] It was originally envisioned as a stop for British planes on their way to British India. The current main airport structure, designed by Kenzo Tange and opened in 1979, was executed and completed by Al Hani Construction in a joint venture with Ballast Nedam of The Netherlands.

The airport underwent a large renovation and expansion project from 1999–2001, in which the former parking lot was cleared and a terminal expansion was built. This incorporated new check-in areas, a new entrance to the airport, the construction of a multi-story parking structure and an airport mall.

Kuwait International Airport can currently handle more than nine million passengers a year. A new general aviation terminal was completed in 2008 under a BOT scheme and is operated by Royal Aviation. By the end of 2008, however, this airport was modified with the construction of a small building named the Sheikh Saad General Aviation Terminal, to handle the scheduled services of Wataniya Airways along with general aviation traffic.

In 2011, the Department of Civil Aviation announced the intention of extending Kuwait International Airport so it can handle more passengers and more aircraft. On October 3, 2011, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation announced that a new Foster + Partners designed terminal will begin construction in 2012 and will increase the annual passenger handling amount to 14 million passengers in its first phase with the option of expanding to 25 million passengers. The airport finalized formalities for the construction of the terminal, which was due to begin construction in 2012 with completion by 2016. It would be built to the south of the current terminal complex with new access routes from the Seventh Ring Road to the south of the airport compound. It is designed as a three-pointed star, with each point extending 600 meters from the star's center. Two airside hotels will form part of the new building.

In December 2012, the Kuwaiti Ministry of Public Works announced that the new Terminal at the Kuwait International Airport would be completed by the end of 2016, estimating the cost to be around 900 million Kuwaiti dinar ($3.2 billion). On May 20, 2013, the Director of Operations Management in the General Administration of Civil Aviation, Essam Al-Zamil, announced that some of the flights will be diverted to the Sheikh Saad Terminal instead of Kuwait Airport's main terminal starting in July due to the large number of passengers and the growing number of aircraft attributing to Kuwait Airport being over capacity. As of June 2014, the leading consortium to build the terminal had quit the project due to several reasons with construction having not started, placing the project on hold.[5] The project was subsequently re-tendered twice over the course of 2014 and 2015 but had the winning tender cancelled both times.

On May 9, 2017, the Foster + Partners designed Terminal 2 formally broke ground and heavy construction work began on site. The terminal is being built by Turkey's Limak Holding and was originally scheduled for completion in 6.5 years, although the contractors and Kuwaiti government have made claims to deliver the project within four years.

On May 22, 2018, Jazeera Airways launched its own dedicated terminal at Kuwait International Airport, to be called Terminal 5. It is located directly adjacent to and connected to the existing main building, but features dedicated arrival/departure areas, customs and all supporting functions in order to alleviate congestion at the main building. All Jazeera arrivals will arrive at the new terminal from opening, while departing flights will transition from the current terminal between May 22 and May 27. By May 27, all departing and arriving Jazeera flights will be handled exclusively at Terminal 5.[6]

Military[edit]

The airport is home to the Abdullah Al Mubarak Air Base which is used by the Kuwait Air Force and has been used by Italian Air Force Boeing KC-767A's since October 2014 for the fight against ISIL.[7] The air base is home to the 5th Expeditionary Air Mobility Squadron.[8]

Facilities[edit]

The airport lies at an elevation of 204 feet (62 m) above mean sea level. It has two runways: 15R/33L with a concrete surface measuring 3,400 m × 46 m (11,155 ft × 151 ft) and 15L/33R with an asphalt surface measuring 3,500 m × 46 m (11,483 ft × 151 ft).[1]

Terminals[edit]

Kuwait International Airport will have five operational, numbered terminals by 2022.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 is the primary building at Kuwait International Airport and houses all arriving and departing flights other than those operated by Jazeera Airways, Kuwait Airways, Aegean Airlines and flydubai, which operate out of the other terminals. It has 16 gates.

The terminal houses restaurants, duty-free shops, security checkpoints and four lounges.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2, designed by Foster + Partners, is currently under construction and will expand overall capacity at the airport by 13 million passengers a year through the introduction of a triangular building with 28 gates, 4,500 additional parking spaces and a 400-bed air-side hotel. It began construction in May 2017 and is due for completion in August 2022.[9]

Terminal 3[edit]

Originally named the Sheikh Saad General Aviation Terminal and conceived for use by private aircraft, Terminal 3 is a small building which was used exclusively by Aegean Airlines and flydubai before being shut down due to works in terminal 2.

Terminal 4[edit]

Inaugurated on 8 August 2018, Terminal 4 is used by all flights operated by Kuwait's national carrier, Kuwait Airways. The building was designed by the Spanish branch of the American company AECOM and built by a joint venture between Cengiz Insaat and First Kuwaiti Contractor. It is housed in a dedicated building neighboring the cargo-handling facilities on the airport compound and built over an area of 55,000 square meters. It offers five bus gates and nine boarding bridges gates, with a capacity of eight planes at the same time. Terminal 4 can handle 4.5 million passengers annually and eases congestion at Terminal 1. There are 2,450 additional car parking spaces in a dedicated surface lot adjacent to the terminal and connected to the building by a bridge.

Terminal 5[edit]

Inaugurated in May 2018, Terminal 5 is exclusively used by Kuwait-based budget airline Jazeera Airways. Attached to Terminal 1 but with dedicated entrance/exit points, it also includes check-in zones, security checkpoints, lounges, shops, three departure gates, customs and arrival belts. It additionally offers 350 parking spaces in a multi-story facility attached to Terminal 5 by a bridge.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines offer scheduled passenger service.[10]

As of March 13, 2020, all the following flights are suspended due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

AirlinesDestinations
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air Arabia Egypt Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Assiut, Luxor, Sohag
Air Cairo Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Assiut, Sohag
Seasonal: Sharm el Sheikh[11]
Aircompany Armenia Seasonal: Yerevan
Air India Ahmedabad, Chennai, Goa, Hyderabad, Mumbai
Air India Express Kannur, Kochi, Kozhikode, Mangalore
AlMasria Universal Airlines Cairo
Anadolujet Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum, Izmir[12]
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka
British Airways London–Heathrow
Bulgaria Air Seasonal: Burgas
Cham Wings Airlines Damascus, Latakia, Qamishli
EgyptAir Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Cairo, Sharm El Sheikh
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
flydubai Dubai–International
FlyEgypt Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Assiut, Luxor,[13] Sohag
Flynas Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh, Ta'if
GoAir Kannur[14]
Gulf Air Bahrain
IndiGo Ahmedabad, Chennai, Delhi,[15] Kochi, Mumbai
Iran Air Ahwaz, Isfahan, Lar, Mashhad, Shiraz, Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Iran Aseman Airlines Abadan, Ahwaz
Iraqi Airways Najaf
Jazeera Airways Abha,[16] Ahmedabad, Al Ain,[17] Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Amman–Queen Alia, Assiut, Bahrain, Baku, Bodrum, Cairo, Dammam, Delhi, Doha, Dubai–International, Hyderabad, Istanbul, Istanbul–Sabiha Gokcen, Jeddah, Karachi,[18] Kathmandu, Kochi, Lahore, London–Gatwick, Luxor, Mashhad, Mumbai, Najaf, Osh, Riyadh, Sharjah,[19] Sohag, Tbilisi
Seasonal: Beirut, Sharm El Sheikh, Ta'if, Trabzon[20]
Jordan Aviation Amman–Queen Alia
Kam Air Kabul[21]
KLM Amsterdam, Bahrain
Kuwait Airways Abu Dhabi, Ahmedabad, Amman–Queen Alia, Bahrain, Baku, Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beirut, Cairo, Chennai, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Dammam, Delhi, Dhaka, Doha, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Gassim, Geneva, Islamabad, Istanbul, Jeddah, Kochi, Lahore, London–Heathrow, Luxor,[22] Manila, Mashhad, Medina, Milan–Malpensa,[23] Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, New York–JFK, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Riyadh, Rome–Fiumicino, Shiraz,[22] Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Thiruvananthapuram
Seasonal: Athens,[22] Bodrum,[24] Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Larnaca,[25] Málaga,[26] Nice,[27] Sarajevo,[22] Sharm El Sheikh, Tbilisi,[28] Trabzon,[28] Vienna
Lufthansa Dammam, Frankfurt
Mahan Air Mashhad
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Nile Air Alexandria–Borg el Arab, Assiut, Cairo, Luxor, Sohag
Oman Air Muscat
Onur Air Istanbul
Pakistan International Airlines Sialkot[29]
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya,[30] Trabzon[31]
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Salam Air Muscat
Saudia Jeddah, Medina, Riyadh
SriLankan Airlines Colombo–Bandaranaike
SunExpress Seasonal: Antalya, Trabzon[32]
Syrian Air Damascus, Latakia
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Seasonal: Trabzon

Cargo[edit]

Inside the airport
AirlinesDestinations
Cargolux Hanoi, Hong Kong, Luxembourg
Cargolux Italia Hong Kong, Luxembourg
DHL Aviation Bahrain
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Sharjah
Turkish Cargo Dhaka, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Istanbul-Atatürk
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha

Statistics[edit]

Departures area

2015 through March 2020[33]

Year Commercial aircraft Non-commercial aircraft Passengers Freight (in metric tonnes)
2015 95,027 7,133 11,163,279 186,039
2016 98,073 6,098 11,762,241 195,515
2017 106,356 5,285 13,735,580 241,663
2018 112,971 5,162 14,813,527 249,531
2019 115,420 6,938 15,448,909 243,442
1Q 2020 23,127 1,689 2,909,330 52,945

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 12 December 1983, the airport was one of the targets of the 1983 Kuwait bombings.
  • In December 1984, Kuwait Airways flight 221, an Airbus A310-200 with 166 people on board operating Kuwait-Dubai-Karachi was hijacked to Tehran by five armed gunmen, demanding release of some prisoners involved in attacks on foreign interests in Kuwait.[38]
  • On 2 August 1990, British Airways Flight 149 carrying 349 passengers landed at Kuwait International Airport just four hours after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, leading to the capture of the passengers and crew. The Boeing 747-100 aircraft was looted by the Iraqis and destroyed. All passengers and crew were reported safe, but one flight attendant was raped and the passengers were taken to Iraq.[39] A McDonnell Douglas DC-9 belonging to the Kuwait Air Force was also destroyed in the airport. During the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait many of the planes belonging to Kuwait Airways were stolen from the airport and stored in different locations in Iraq, some of the Airbus A310s notably were given Iraqi registrations, the aircraft were later destroyed by allied bombings in 1991.
  • On 25 February 1991, USMC McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II crash-landed after being hit by ground fire during the Kuwait Liberation War.[40]
  • On 27 February 1991, the airport played host to a large tank battle between U.S. and Iraqi forces during the 1st Gulf War. It is known today as the Battle of Kuwait International Airport.[41]
  • On 10 December 1999, three US military personnel died when a USAF Lockheed C-130 Hercules made a hard emergency landing at Kuwait International Airport after sustaining damage from landing short of the runway at nearby Jaber al-Ahmad Airbase.[42]
  • On 12 March 2007, a Lebanese-registered Saab 340A corporate aircraft owned by First Kuwaiti Trading & Contracting was badly damaged when it struck vehicles while taxiing.[43]
  • On 6 January 2014, disgruntled passengers on board a Turkish Airlines aircraft attacked cabin crew and opened aircraft door to prevent the aircraft from returning to Istanbul after it was diverted to Kuwait due to bad weather at original destination Basra.[44]
  • On 28 January 2014, a FlyNAS aircraft wrongly entered a construction area while taxiing which led to leaving paved surface and getting stuck in sand.[45]
  • On 12 June 2017, a Kuwait Airways Airbus A320 aircraft was minorly damaged when the tow bar broke while it was being pushed back causing the tow tractor to get stuck under the aircraft.[46]
  • On 27 August 2017, a Jazeera Airways Airbus A320 aircraft on approach at the end of a flight from Riyadh hit a tethered military blimp in a restricted area north of the airport, causing apparent damage to one of the engines.[47]
  • On 24 May 2018, a Police Air Wing Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin helicopter was destroyed in fire that broke out in a military hangar. Another similar helicopter was rescued before the fire reaches it.[48]
  • On 4 December 2018, an Air France Airbus A340-300 made an emergency landing in Kuwait while en-route from Paris to Mumbai due to smoke in cabin.[49]
  • On 7 May 2019, a towing tractor driver was killed when a Kuwait Airways Boeing 777-300ER aircraft being towed rolled over the tractor after the tow-bar broke.[50]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Airport information for OKBK from DAFIF (effective October 2006)
  2. ^ Airport information for KWI at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  3. ^ "From nothing to something – Cargo City takes shape". Af.mil. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
  4. ^ "History". Kuwait International Airport. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  5. ^ "Firms quit Kuwait airport project; second terminal put on hold". Zawya. 15 June 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
  6. ^ "Jazeera Airways Announces Start of Flights From New Dedicated Terminal on May 22". Albawaba. 21 May 2018. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  7. ^ AirForces Monthly. Stamford, Lincolnshire, England: Key Publishing Ltd. July 2016. p. 8.
  8. ^ "Cargo City Opens in Kuwait". Air Force Magazine. October 27, 2019.
  9. ^ "New Kuwait Airport to open in August 2022". ARAB TIMES - KUWAIT NEWS. 2020-01-22. Retrieved 2020-02-26.
  10. ^ "Flights Timetable | Travellers - Kuwait International Airport". Schedules Section, Air Transport Department, DGCA. 2016-04-20. Archived from the original on 2017-05-17. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
  11. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/289103/air-cairo-adds-sharm-el-sheikh-kuwait-city-route-in-s20/
  12. ^ Liu, Jim (13 January 2020). "Turkish Airlines confirms AnadoluJet network transition from late-March 2020". Routesonline.
  13. ^ Liu, Jim. "FlyEgypt plans Luxor – Kuwait City launch from mid-May 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  14. ^ "GoAir Announces Daily Flight from Kannur to Kuwait". News 18. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  15. ^ Liu, Jim (30 August 2019). "IndiGo Middle East Network expansion in Oct 2019". Airlineroute. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  16. ^ Liu, Jim. "Jazeera adds Abha service from Jan 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  17. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/287464/jazeera-airways-adds-al-ain-service-from-dec-2019/
  18. ^ Liu, Jim. "Jazeera Airways adds new destinations in Nov 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  19. ^ Liu, Jim. "Jazeera adds Sharjah service from April 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  20. ^ Liu, Jim. "Jazeera Airways adds Trabzon service from August 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  21. ^ "Kam Air files Kabul – Kuwait schedule from Nov 2019". Airlineroute. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  22. ^ a b c d Liu, Jim. "Kuwait Airways S20 Network additions as of 10FEB20". Routesonline. Retrieved 11 February 2020.
  23. ^ "Kuwait Airways adds Milan service from late-Oct 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
  24. ^ Liu, Jim. "Kuwait Airways adds seasonal Bodrum service in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  25. ^ "Kuwait Airways unveils flights to Vienna, Nice, Larnaca and Malaga". ft.lk.
  26. ^ "Kuwait Airways resumes Malaga service in S18". Routesonline. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
  27. ^ "Kuwait Airways to resume Nice service in S19". Routesonline.
  28. ^ a b "Kuwait Airways adds new destinations in S18". Routesonline. Retrieved 2018-04-09.
  29. ^ "PIA resumes flights between Sialkot and Kuwait".
  30. ^ Liu, Jim. "Pegasus expands Antalya network in S20". Routesonline. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  31. ^ Liu, Jim. "Pegasus adds Trabzon – Middle East links in S20". Routesonline. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  32. ^ Liu, Jim (25 December 2019). "SunExpress expands Middle East network in 1Q20". routesonline.com.
  33. ^ Kuwait International Airport Statistics. Statistics Section, Air Transport Department, DGCA. 2020-04-11.
  34. ^ Hijacking description, Aviation Safety Network.
  35. ^ [1], Aviation Safety Network.
  36. ^ [2], Aviation Safety Network.
  37. ^ [3], Aviation Safety Network.
  38. ^ "Five gunmen who hijacked a Kuwaiti airliner to Tehran".
  39. ^ "The strange flight of BA 149: Why did no one prevent a British Airways". 1992-08-02.
  40. ^ [4], Aviation Safety Network.
  41. ^ M60 vs T-62 Cold War Combatants 1956-92 Nordeen&Isby P.73
  42. ^ "Star Air Aviation (Pvt) Ltd". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  43. ^ [5], Aviation Safety Network.
  44. ^ [6], Aviation Safety Network.
  45. ^ [7], Aviation Safety Network.
  46. ^ [8], Aviation Safety Network.
  47. ^ [9], Aviation Safety Network.
  48. ^ [10], Aviation Safety Network.
  49. ^ [11], Aviation Safety Network.
  50. ^ [12], Aviation Safety Network.

External links[edit]

Media related to Kuwait International Airport at Wikimedia Commons