Kuwaiti Army

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Kuwait Army
Active
  • Defense Cavalry & Infantry

(1915–1938)

(1938-1953)

  • Kuwaiti Army
1949; 66 years ago (1949)
Country Kuwait
Allegiance
Coat of arms of Kuwait.svg
1961 - present
Branch Military of Kuwait
Type Land Force
Size 11,000.[1]
Part of Kuwait Armed Forces
Garrison/HQ Desert of Kuwait
Nickname His Highness Land Force
Motto

لله والوطن والامير

God, Country & The Emir
Colors Green & Red
Anniversaries National and Liberation Day (25 and 26 February)
Engagements
Decorations Arab and non-Arab Military awards and decorations
Commanders
Commander MG. Ibrahim AlWasmi

Description[edit]

"Kuwait Army" is the principal land force of the Kuwait Armed Forces. The Kuwaiti Army was established in 1949 and is the oldest armed wing among the armed forces of Kuwait.[2] The Kuwaiti Army was part of the Directorate of Public Security Force in 1938 and part of the Defense and Security Forces in desert and metropolitan areas in 1919, 1920 and (1928-1938). The Kuwaiti Army trace their roots directly to the cavalrymen and infantrymen that defended Al-Kout Fortress and its defensive wall.

Creation[edit]

The Kuwaiti Army was establsied and created in 1949 by Field Marshal Sheikh Abdullah Mubarak Al-Sabah (b.1917-d.1991) during the time when it was part of the Directorate of Public Security Force prior to splitting in 1953. As Sheikh Abdullah Mubarak Al-Sabah headed the Directorate of Public Security Force which included the Kuwait Army; the later, was headed by deputy head commander Colonel Mubarak Abdullah Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.[3]

Structure & Organization[edit]

  • Kuwait J1 Camp (HQ)
  • Kuwait 6th Liberation Mechanized Brigade
  • Kuwait 15th Mubarak Armored Brigade
  • Kuwait 26th Al-Soor Mechanized Brigade
  • Kuwait 35th Shahid (Martyr) Armored Brigade
  • Kuwait 94th Al-Yarmouk Mechanized Brigade
  • Kuwait Emiri Guard Brigade (Independent)
  • Kuwait Military Police Brigade (Independent)
  • Kuwait Military Fire Service Directorate

Part of Equipment[edit]

Kuwaiti M-84AB tanks parading on 25 and 26 February 2011 with members of the 34 nations coalition force partners; celebrations that marked the 50th anniversary of the Independence, the 20th anniversary of Liberation and the 5th anniversary of the ascendance of His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah to the leadership of the State of Kuwait. Commemorating the participation of the Syrian Armed Forces during the First Gulf War; Kuwaiti M-84-tanks flew the Flag of Syria during the parade.

Armored fighting vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
M1A2 Abrams Main Battle Tank 218 United States Delivered between 1994–97
M-84AB Main Battle Tank 150 Yugoslavia 200 Ordered 1989 and 15 in service by 1990
Desert Warrior Infantry Fighting Vehicle 254 United Kingdom 136 with 25mm gun, 118 APC. Delivered 1994-97
BMP-3 Infantry Fighting Vehicle 120 Soviet Union Delivered between 1995–96
BMP-2 Infantry Fighting Vehicle 76 Soviet Union 245 delivered between 1989–90 and 46 delivered between 1994–95
M113A2 Armoured Personnel Carrier 230 United States 60 Active
M577 Armoured Personnel Carrier 30 United States Command post vehicle
Fahd 240 Armoured Personnel Carrier 40 Egypt First delivered in 1988[1]
M88 Hercules Armoured Recovery Vehicle 14 United States -
M-84AI Armoured Recovery Vehicle 15 Poland, Yugoslavia Polish WZT-3 built under license by Yugoslavia as M-84AI
TPz Fuchs Armoured Personnel Carrier 0 Germany NBC Vehicle, 12 on order[4]

Logistics and Utility vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
Humvee Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle 400 United States -

Self-propelled field artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
PLZ-45 Self-propelled howitzer 75 China 27 delivered 2000-01, 24 between 2002–03 and 24 ordered 2003
M-109A1B Self-propelled howitzer 23 United States Withdrawn from service

Anti-tank[edit]

Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
RPG-7 Rocket Propelled Grenade Soviet Union -
TOW M-901 Anti-tank Guided weapon 8 United States -
TOW II Anti-tank Guided weapon 66 United States -
AT-4 Spigot Anti-tank Guided weapon 80 Soviet Union -
AT-10 Anti-tank Guided weapon 60 Russia -

Multiple Launch Rocket Systems[edit]

Name Type Quantity Country of origin Notes
BM-30 Smerch Multiple launch rocket systems 27 Russia Purchased 1995-96

Kuwait Army Ranks[edit]

His Highness, the Emir of Kuwait: Commander-in-chief of the Military of Kuwait (Arabic: القائد الأعلى للقوات المسلحة الكويتية‎)
His Highness, the Crown Prince of Kuwait: Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Military of Kuwait (Arabic: نائب القائد الأعلى للقوات المسلحة الكويتية‎)

Officer Corps[edit]

Company-grade officers Field-grade officers General officers
Lieutenant
(LT)
First Lieutenant
(1st LT)
Captain
(CAPT)
Major
(MAJ)
Lieutenant Colonel
(LT.COL)
Colonel
(COL)
Brigadier general
(B.GEN)
Major general
(MAJ.GEN)
Lieutenant general
(LT.GEN)
General
(GEN)
O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6 O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10
One Star
(Arabic: ملازم‎)[5]
Two Stars
(Arabic: ملازم أول‎)[5]
Three Stars
(Arabic: نقيب‎)[5]
Crown
(Arabic: رائد‎)[5]
Crown & Star
(Arabic: مقدم‎)[5]
Crown & Two Stars
(Arabic: عقيد‎)[5]
Crown & Three Stars
(Arabic: عميد‎)[5]
Crown & Two Crossed Arabian Swords
(Arabic: لواء‎)[5]
Crown, Star & Two Crossed Arabian Swords
(Arabic: فريق‎)[5]
Crown, Two Stars & Two Crossed Arabian Swords
(Arabic: فريق أول‎)[5]

Enlisted Corps[edit]

Junior enlisted Non-commissioned Officers (NCOs) Warrant Officers (WOs)
Private
(PVT)
Private first class
(PFC)
Corporal
(CPL)
Sergeant
(SGT)
Staff Sergeant
(SSGT)
Warrant Officer
(WO)
Chief Warrant Officer
(CWO)
E-1 E-2 E-3 E-4 E-5 WO CWO
No Chevron
Regular Soldier
One Chevron
(Arabic: وكيل عريف 'Wakil 'Arif'‎)[5]
Two Chevrons
(Arabic: عريف ' 'Areef'‎)[5]
Three Chevrons
(Arabic: رقيب أول 'Rakeeb'‎)[5]
Three Chevrons with circle closing stripe
(Arabic: رقيب أول 'Rakeeb Awal'‎)[5]
One Star centered with Coat of Arms of the Emir of Kuwait
(Arabic: وكيل ضابط 'Wakeel' ‎)[5]
Two Stars centered with Coat of Arms of the Emir of Kuwait
(Arabic: وكيل أول ضابط Wakeel Awal‎)[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b John Pike (2013-04-22). "Kuwait - Army Equipment". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  2. ^ "A History of the Kuwaiti Armed Forces". Military Review 84 (3). May–June 2004. Retrieved 12 October 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help) – via Questia (subscription required)
  3. ^ Kuwaiti Ministry of Defense, (Section Arabic Read, Kuwait Armed Forces/الجيش الكويتي)
  4. ^ http://worlddefencenews.blogspot.com/2015/07/rheinmetall-of-germany-contract-to.html
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Kuwaiti Army Land Forces / القوة البرية الكويتية". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 

External links[edit]