Kvadraturen (Kristiansand)

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Kvadraturen
Borough of Kristiansand
Kvadraturen
Ok
Descending, from top: Kvadraturen also known as downtown, bottom: Markens gate
Coat of arms of Kvadraturen
Coat of arms
Location of Kvadraturen, shown in yellow, in Kristiansand
Location of Kvadraturen, shown in yellow, in Kristiansand
Coordinates: 58°08′48″N 7°59′43″E / 58.1468°N 07.9953°E / 58.1468; 07.9953Coordinates: 58°08′48″N 7°59′43″E / 58.1468°N 07.9953°E / 58.1468; 07.9953
Country Norway
RegionSouthern Norway
CountyVest-Agder
DistrictKristiansand
MunicipalityKristiansand
Elevation7 m (23 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total6,750
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Post Code prefix
460*, 461*
Websitekvadraturen.no
kristiansand.kommune.no

Kvadraturen is the city center of Kristiansand in Vest-Agder county, Norway, with a population of 6,750 (2015). The borough is made up of the centre together with the harbour to the south and the more rural district of "Eg" to the north. Kvadraturen is the administrative centre of the municipality of Kristiansand as well as the administrative centre of Vest-Agder county, but is far smaller in area than the other boroughs in the municipality, such as the borough of Grim to the north and west, and the borough of Lund to the east.

Kvadraturen is the location of the Kristiansand Cathedral and the nearby commercial, pedestrian street is Markens gate. The city harbour is located along the Kristiansandsfjorden and the island of Odderøya. The borough has three malls and three high schools. The closest public junior high is "Grim Skole" and the closest elementary is Tordenskjoldsgate Skole and is the only remanding elementary in Kvadraturen. The Sørlandet Hospital Kristiansand is also located in the borough, in the district of Eg.

The main city centre was established as a city on 5 July 1641 by King Christian IV. The city became a self-governing municipality under the formannskapsdistrikt law on 1 January 1838. On 1 July 1921, a neighboring part of the municipality of Oddernes (population: 2,164) was transferred from Oddernes to the city of Kristiansand. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, the city of Kristiansand (population: 27,100) was merged with the neighboring municipalities of Randesund (population: 1,672), Oddernes (population: 18,668), and Tveit (population: 2,802) to form a new, larger municipality of Kristiansand.[2]

Shopping[edit]

Markens gate is the main pedestrian street in Kristiansand. It is one of Norway's most walked street and is over 2,778 feet (847 meters) long. The street has many different stores. The walking zone stretches over seven blocks. During the 1600-1700s, the street was called Dronningens gate, and today its also nicknamed Stripen (The Strip).

The most central part of the city is lower Markens where it meets Tollbodgata. Some stores here are open 24/7 and it is here most crimes of downtown Kristiansand take place. Chain restaurants like 7-Eleven, McDonald's, and Deli de Luca are also located there.

There are three malls at Kvadraturen: Sandens is the largest and newest one, Slottet Shopping is located at the north end of Markens gate in the north. Lille Markens is the smallest mall.[3][4]

Transportation[edit]

Kristiansand Bus Terminal, Kristiansand Station, and Kristiansand Harbor are all located at Vestre Strandgate next to each other.[5] Local buses goes from Henrik Wergelandsgate and Tollbodgata.

Kristiansand Station has daily trains to Oslo and Stavanger.[6] Kristiansand Harbor has many daily ferry routes to Hirtshals, Denmark.

Kristiansand Airport, Kjevik is located 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from the city center, and it has routes to the biggest cities in Norway, with less frequent routes to other Northern European cities.

Education[edit]

There are two public and one private high schools and one elementary school in the borough of Kvadraturen. The elementary school has students from over 27 different nationalities. The closest junior high schools are in the nearby boroughs of Grim and Lund.[7]

List of schools in Kvadraturen
Name Location Type [8]
Kvadraturen skolesenter Tollbodgata High School
Noroff videregående skole Elvegata High School
Tangen High School Tangen High School
Tordenskjoldsgate skole Nybyen Elementary

Politics[edit]

The 10 largest politics parties in Kvadraturen (2015):

Kristiansand city council votes from Kvadraturen 2015[9]
Labour Party 28,3% (596 votes)
Conservative Party 25,3% (532 votes)
Christian Democratic Party 8,4% (177 votes)
Progress Party 7,4% (155 votes)
Green Party 6,6% (138 votes)
Liberal Party 5,9% (124 votes)
Socialist Left Party 4,5% (95 votes)
The Democrats 4% (84 votes)
Pensioners' Party 3,9%% (83 votes)
Red 3,7% (78 votes)
Centre 1,1% (23 votes)
Others 1,4% (29 votes)
Total 2124 votes

Tourism[edit]

The borough of Kvadraturen is the site of many tourist attractions. Christiansholm Fortress was built in 1672. The Kilden Theatre, the largest culture house and theatre in Southern Norway, is located on the island of Odderøya. It was finished in 2012 and has a capacity of over 2,000.

Fiskebrygga (The Fish Wharf), a former fish landing in Kvadraturen with Odderøya, has been redeveloped as a restaurant, shopping, and tourist destination.[10]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Kvadraturen sørøst

Media gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wergelandsparken, Kristiansand (Vest-Agder)". yr.no. Retrieved 2017-02-19.
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  3. ^ "Kvadraturen". kvadraturen.no. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  4. ^ "Shopping in Kristiansand Centre". visitnorway.com. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  5. ^ "AKT". akt.no. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  6. ^ "NSB". nsb.no. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  7. ^ "VI Hjelper deg på Nett". minskole.no. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  8. ^ "MinSkole".
  9. ^ "VG - Valgnatt" (in Norwegian). vg.no. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  10. ^ "Visit Norway". VisitNorway.com. Retrieved 2017-02-21.