|Subdivisions||1 city, 6 municipalities|
|• Governor||Paata Khizanashvili|
|• Total||6,280 km2 (2,420 sq mi)|
|• Density||69/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||GE-KK|
high · 10th
Kvemo Kartli (Lower Kartli, Georgian: ქვემო ქართლი; Azerbaijani: Aşağı Kartli or Borçalı) is a historic province and current administrative region (mkhare) in southeastern Georgia. The city of Rustavi is a regional capital.
Kvemo Kartli is a region located in the Southeastern part of Georgia. It is surrounded by Tbilisi, Shida Kartli, and Mtskheta-Mtianeti on the north; Samtskhe–Javakheti on the west; Kakheti on the east; and the countries of Armenia and Azerbaijan on the south.
The region is one of the most economically developed in Georgia. After Tbilisi, the region is ranked second in industrial production. The area of the region is of 6528 km squares, which accounts for 10% of the Georgian territory; and it is the fourth largest region by area. The region is the third most populated region in Georgia with a population of 497.000. The administrative center is Rustavi. There are 353 populated areas, including:
- 7 cities: Rustavi, Bolnisi, Gardabani, Dmanisi, Tetritsqaro, Marneuli and Tsalka
- 8 "daba": Didi Lilo, Kojori, Kazreti, Manglisi, Tamarisi, Shaumiani, Bediani and Trialeti
- 338 villages
- Georgians - 217,305 (51.25%)
- Azerbaijanis - 177,032 (41.75%)
- Armenians - 21,500 (5.07%)
- Greeks - 2,631 (0.62%)
- Russians - 2,113 (0.49%)
The population estimate in 2012 was 511,300, but the 2014 census shows it now reduced to about 424,000.
The ethnic Georgians live mostly in northern part of the region and comprise for the majority in the municipalities of Tetritsqaro, Gardabani Municipality, Tsalka and in Rustavi. The Azerbaijanis live in the southern part and comprise for the majority in the municipalities of Marneuli, Dmanisi and Bolnisi. The ethnic Armenians and Greeks mostly live in the Tsalka Municipality.
According to a study, 57,8% of the population identifies as Orthodox Christians, mostly Georgians, Russians and Greeks; 38,9 % are Shia Muslims, mostly Azerbaijanis; 2,8% are Armenian Christians and 0,5% are irreligious.
Kvemo Kartli is divided into 6 municipalities and 1 special status city, Rustavi:
Owing to its location, the region has great transport links. There passes the railway and the motorways which link Georgia with its neighbours Armenia and Azerbaijan. The main industries are located in Rustavi and Marneuli. The industrial production of Kvemo Kartlo comprises 20% of the global Georgian production.
- "საქართველოს მთავრობა – მთავარი". gov.ge. Retrieved Aug 1, 2019.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
- "Total population by regions and ethnicity". National Statistics Office of Georgia. Retrieved 5 Aug 2017.
- Number of Population is Increasing. Published on 31 May 2012