Kwak (Korean surname)
The family name Kwak is written with a hanja meaning "city walls" (郭; 둘레 곽; dulle gwak; also called 외성 곽; oeseong gwak). The same character is also used to write the family name now pronounced Guō in Mandarin Chinese. The 2000 South Korean census found a total of 187,322 people and 58,396 households with this family name. They identified with a number of different bon-gwan (seat of a clan lineage, for example the residence of an ancestor from whom the clan claims descent):
- Hyeonpung (Dalseong County): 140,283 people and 43,626 households. They claim descent from Gwak Gyeong (곽경; 郭鏡), who came to the Korean peninsula from Song dynasty China during the reign of Injong of Goryeo (r. 1122–1146). See Hyeonpung Gwak clan.
- Cheongju: 18,218 people and 5,601 households. They claim descent from Gwak Sang (곽상; 郭祥), who served in the civil post of sijung under Heongang of Silla (r. 875–886).
- Seonsan: 5,603 people and 1,743 households
- Gyeongju: 5,086 people and 1,641 households
- 22 bon-gwan each with fewer than 3,000 people: 17,942 people and 5,772 households
- Other or unknown: 190 people and 13 households
In a study by the National Institute of the Korean Language based on 2007 application data for South Korean passports, it was found that 75.4% of people with this family name spelled it in Latin letters as Kwak in their passports, while 14.4% spelled it in Revised Romanization as Gwak, and 5% spelled it Kwag. Rarer alternative spellings (the remaining 5.2%) included Kwack, Gak, Guak, Kwack, Gwag, Kag, Kawk, Koag, Koak, Kweak, and Kwug.
- Riki Choshu (born Kwak Gwang-ung, 1951), Japanese professional wrestler of Korean descent
- Gwak Kyung-keun (born 1972), South Korean football forward
- Kwak Ok-chol (born 1973), North Korean judo athlete
- Gwak Mi-hee (born 1974), South Korean cross-country mountain biker and ski mountaineer
- Kwak Hee-ju (born 1981), South Korean football defender
- Kwak Tae-hwi (born 1981), South Korean football centre-back
- Kwak Dong-hyuk (born 1983), South Korean volleyball player
- Kwak Jung-hye (born 1986), South Korean sport shooter
- Kwak Chul-ho (born 1986), South Korean football forward
- Kwak Kwang-seon (born 1986), South Korean football defender
- Kwak Chang-hee (born 1987), South Korean football striker
- Kwak Seung-suk (born 1988), South Korean volleyball player
- Kwak Yoon-gy (born 1989), South Korean short track speed skater
- Kwak Hae-seong (born 1991), South Korean football full-back
- Gwak Dong-han (born 1992), South Korean judo athlete
- Kwak Ye-ji (born 1992), South Korean archer
- Kwak Min-jeong (born 1994), South Korean figure skater
- Kwak Dae-sung, South Korean judo athlete
- Kwak Ji-kyoon (1954–2010), South Korean film director
- Kwak Jae-yong (born 1959), South Korean film director
- Kwak Kyung-taek (born 1966), South Korean film director
- Kwak Dae-hong (born 1956), South Korean voice actor
- Kwak Do-won (born 1974), South Korean actor
- Ji Sung (born Kwak Tae-geun, 1977), South Korean actor
- Kwak Hyun-hwa (born 1981), South Korean actress, comedian and singer
- Kwak Ji-min (born 1985), South Korean actress
- Kwak Si-yang (born 1987), South Korean actor
- Kwak Hee-sung (born 1990), South Korean actor
- Kwak Dong-yeon (born 1997), South Korean actor and singer
- Kwak Jin-eon (born 1991), South Korean singer-songwriter
- Aaron Kwak (born 1993), member of South Korean boy band NU'EST
- Gwak Jae-u (1552–1617), general under Seonjo of Joseon
- Chung Hwan Kwak (born 1936), Unification Church leader
- Kwak Pom-gi (born 1939), North Korean government official
- Kwak Jae-gu (born 1954), South Korean poet
- Kwak Yi-kyong (born 1979), South Korean LGBT rights activist
- Kwak Jaesik (born 1982), South Korean novelist
- Kwak Jun-hyeok, South Korean associate professor of political science at Korea University
- Kwak Kyung-sup, South Korean professor of electrical engineering at Inha University
- "행정구역(구시군)/성씨·본관별 가구 및 인구" [Family names by administrative region (district, city, county): separated by bon-gwan, households and individuals]. Korean Statistical Information Service. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- "현풍 곽씨" [Hyeonpung Gwak clan]. JoongAng Ilbo. 8 May 1982. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
- "청주곽씨(淸州郭氏)" [Cheongju Gwak clan]. Saemangeum Ilbo. 25 February 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
- 성씨 로마자 표기 방안: 마련을 위한 토론회 [Plan for romanisation of surnames: a preparatory discussion]. National Institute of the Korean Language. 25 June 2009. p. 58. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
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