Kwangali language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Native toNamibia, Angola
RegionOkavango River
Native speakers
152,000 (2018)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3kwn

Kwangali, or RuKwangali, is a Bantu language spoken by 85,000 people along the Okavango River in Namibia, where it is a national language, and in Angola. It is one of several Bantu languages of the Okavango which have click consonants; these are the dental clicks c and gc, along with prenasalization and aspiration. It also has a nasal glottal approximant.

Maho (2009) includes Mbundza as a dialect, but excludes Sambyu, which he includes in Manyo.


  1. ^ "Kwangali". Ethnologue. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kwangali". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  • Dammann, Ernst (1957). Studien zum Kwangali: Grammatik, Texte, Glossar. Hamburg: Cram, de Gruyter
  • Derek Nurse & Gérard Philippson, The Bantu languages, 2003:569.