|Native to||Namibia and Angola|
|250,000 in Namibia (2006); 420,000 in Angola (1993)|
Kwanyama or Oshikwanyama is a national language of Angola and Namibia. It is a standardized dialect of the Oshiwambo language, and is mutually intelligible with Oshindonga, the other Oshiwambo dialect with a standard written form.
The entire Christian Bible has been translated into Kwanyama and was first published in 1974 under the name Ombibeli by the South African Bible Society.
- Crane, Thera; Lindgren-Streicher, Karl; Wingo, Andy (2004). Hai ti! A Beginner's Guide to Oshikwanyama (PDF).
- Zimmerman, W.; Hasheela, P. (1998). Oshikwanyama Grammar. Windhoek: Gamsberg Macmillan.
- Kwanyama at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kuanyama". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
- Ombibeli, 1974, front page
|Kwanyama dialect test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|
- Language map of Namibia
- Grammar and vocabulary (in Spanish)
- PanAfrican L10n page on Kwanyama
- Omalinjongameno Ōngeleka. (Services of the Church in Kwanyama Authorised for Use in the Diocese of Damaraland, 1957) digitized by Richard Mammana 2015
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