Kwanyama dialect

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Native to Namibia and Angola
Region Ovamboland
Native speakers
250,000 in Namibia (2006);
420,000 in Angola (1993)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-1 kj
ISO 639-2 kua
ISO 639-3 kua
Glottolog kuan1247[2]
Linguasphere 05-PEA-aa

Kwanyama or Oshikwanyama is a national language of Angola and Namibia. It is a standardized dialect of the Oshiwambo language, and is mutually intelligible with Oshindonga, the other Oshiwambo dialect with a standard written form.

The entire Christian Bible has been translated into Kwanyama and was first published in 1974 under the name Ombibeli by the South African Bible Society.[4]


  1. ^ Kwanyama at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kuanyama". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  4. ^ Ombibeli, 1974, front page

External links[edit]