List of Nuxalk villages
This is a list of Nuxalk villages.
By 1953 there were only two bodies of Nuxalk left: The Kimsquit, on Dean Inlet; and the Bella Coola, at the mouth of Bella Coola River. Older writers speak of the Nuhalk, which was the name of the Bella Coola Valley; Talyumc, whose village at the head of South Bentinck Arm was abandoned about 1933; and the Noothlakamish on North Bentinck Arm, reported by Tolmie, and by Dawson in 1884.
(as given by McIlwraith, cited by John Swanton)
Modern Nuxalk language orthography is in brackets, as is the meaning of the name.
- Aimats, north of Ahutskwakstl near the Peisela River (Piisla).
- Aketi (Acati), on the south side of the Dean River (Nuabout 1 mile from the sea.
- Anutlitlk, near the mouth of Dean River, still occupied.
- Anutskwakstl, an eastern extension of Tlokotl (Tl'uk'uulh).
- Aseik, (Asiiqw - head of channel) on a stream flowing into a bay at the southwest end of South Bentinck Arm (Ats'aaxlh).
- Asenane, (Asanani) on the shore of a bay on the south side of the Bella Coola River (Nuxalk).
- Asktlta (Asklhta), at Salmon House on the Upper Dean River.
- Atlklaktl, (Alhqlaaxlh - fenced village) near the south bank of the Peisela River (Piisla) about ¼-mile from the sea.
- Ikwink, on the Dean River 28 miles from the sea.
- Kadis, on the east side of South Bentinck Arm, about ¼-mile from the Noieck River.
- Kameik, (Qamiix) on the west bank of the Necleetsconnay River about ¾-mile from the sea.
- Kantkilsk, (Qnklst - rocky-below / island) on the east side of South Bentinck Arm "slightly north of Bensins Island (also called Qnklst), which is opposite the hot springs (Icp'iixm) on the west side of the fjord (Ats'aaxlh)."
- Koapk, (Qw'apx) on the east side of the mouth of a creek (Asiixw) entering the head of South Bentinck Arm (Ats'aaxlh) from the south.
- Komkutis, (Q'umk'uts) the upper (eastern) continuation of Stskeitl (Sts'kiilh).
- Kwiliutl, (Qwlyulh) on the north side of the Atnarko (Lhaaxlc) a few hundred yards above the forks.
- Nuekmak, (Nu7iixmaqw's) near some stagnant pools on the north side of Bella Coola River a short distance above Snoönikwilk (Snu7unikwlxs).
- Nuhwilst, (Nucwlst) on the shore of Dean Channel six miles from Satsk (Satskw).
- Nuiku, (Nuwikw) on a raised mound on South Bentinck Arm (Ats'aaxlh) south of the mouth of the Noieck River (Nuwikw).
- Nukaakmats, (Snuqaaxmats') on the north shore of the Bella Coola River about a mile above Tsilkt (Ts'lkt - alternatively, Ts'likt).
- Nukits, (Nukits' - twisted water) on the south side of the Bella Coola River 11¼ miles from the sea, upper end of site of the modern village of Hagensborg.
- Nuskapts, (Nusqap'ts) on the south bank of the Dean River about 25 miles from the sea.
- Nuskek, (Nusxiq') on the shore of North Bentinck east of the creek that flows into it at Green Bay (Nusxiq').
- Nuskelst, (Nusq'lst) on the north side of the Bella Coola River (Nuxalk) opposite the mountain of the same name (Nusq'lst).
- Nutal, (Nutl'l) on the bank of the Dean River at the bottom of the canyon (Nutl'l).
- Nutltleik, (Nutl'lhiixw - dry headwaters, modern day Burnt Bridge) 200 yards from the Bella Coola River on a creek flowing in from the north and about 31 miles from the sea.
- Nutskwatlt, on the south side of the Dean River about 1¼-miles from the sea.
- Okmikimik, (Uqmikmc) at the present village of Hagensborg 11 miles from the sea.
- Ososkpimk, on the north shore of the Bella Coola River about ½-mile above Aimats.
- Satsk, (Satskw) at the mouth of the Kimsquit River.
- Senktl, (Snxlhh) on the south side of the Bella Coola River opposite Tciktciktelpats.
- Setlia, (Salhya - Tallio Point) on the east side of South Bentinck Arm about ¼-mile from its junction with North Bentinck.
- Siwalos, (Siwalusim - where the canoes were left) on the north side of the Dean River about 85 miles from the sea, where the trail to the Interior (Sutkalhta - winter trail) left the river valley.
- Skomeltl, (Squmalh - the name of a site, creek and valley) on the south side of the Bella Coola River about 3 miles from the sea.
- Snoönikwilk, (Snu7unikwlxs - West Point) on a curving promontory on the south bank of the Bella Coola River about 4 miles from the sea.
- Snutele, (Snut'li - place of dog salmon) on the south bank of the Bella Coola River above Nukaakmats.
- Snutlelelatl, on the north side of the Atnarko River about 10 miles from the forks.
- Stskeitl, (Sts'kiilh) on the south bank of the Bella Coola River about ¼-mile from the sea.
- Stuik (Stuwic)(Stuie, on the point between the Atnarko and Whitewater (Talchako) Rivers, which join to form the Bella Coola.
- Talio, (Talyuu) on the west side of the mouth of the Nuwikw river, last location, which was frequently changed.
- Tasaltlimk, on the shore of North Bentinck Arm west and north of the mouth of the Necleetsconnay river (Nutcictskwani).
- Tciktciktelpats, (Possibly Tsipscaaxuts - Fisher Bank) some distance from the north bank of the Bella Coola River, the river course having changed.
- Tlokotl, (Tl'uk'uulh - high mound) above Atlkaktl (Alhqlaaxlh) on the Peisela Creek (Piisla).
- Tsaotltmem, on the east side of South Bentinck Arm about 4 miles from Kankilst (Qnklst).
- Tsilkt, on the north shore of the Bella Coola River above Tsomootl (Tsumuulh - noisy rock).
- Tsomootl, (Tsumuulh - Sound of water over a rock) the upper continuation of Skomeltl (Squmalh).
Boas (1898) gives also the following names, most of which are probably synonyms for some of the above:
- Koatlna (Kwalhna - inlet south of South Bentinck)
- Nusatsem (Nusats'm - place of dried up humpies, village and creek at Noosatsum creek)
- Osmakmiketlp (Usmicmikalhp - place of harvesting spruce trees - unknown location)
- Peisela (Piisla)
- Slaaktl (Slaaxlh - likely the name of the Talchako river)
- Sotstl (Sutslh - the village at Kimsquit)
- Tkeiktskune (Nu-tcictskwani - River running north at the mouth of the Bella Coola river)
- The Indian Tribes of North America, John Swanton, 1953, quoted in canadiangeneaology.net website
- A Concise Nuxalk-English Dictionary, Hank Nater, 1990. Canadian Museum of Civilization.