Kwek Hong Png

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Kwek Hong Png (simplified Chinese: 郭芳枫; traditional Chinese: 郭芳楓; pinyin: Guō Fāng Fēng; 1912 - 8 November 1994) was a Singaporean businessperson, known for establishing Hong Leong Group, of which he was also chairperson. Born to a penniless family, Kwek turned from rags to riches after arriving in Singapore in 1928, eventually becoming one of the world's richest men, with an estimated net worth of S$3 billion before his retirement in 1984.

Early life[edit]

Born 1913 in Fujian's Tung Ann district[1][2] to a miserly farmer,[3] Kwek arrived in Singapore in 1928 from Fujian.[4] He first started out as a shop helper[5] at his brother-in-law's hardware firm.[6] His monthly salary then was just $5[1] and he reportedly slept on the floors of the store.[7] During World War II, Kwek became rich by trading construction materials.[8] He also participated in smuggling basic goods[9] and traded with Japanese merchants.[10]


Founded in 1941,[11] the Hong Leong Group was originally a trading company that supplied basic construction materials[12] and rubber.[13] Wanting to work as a team, Kwek subsequently beckoned his three brothers to join Hong Leong.[14][15] Becoming chairman of the organisation in 1956,[16] Kwek retired in 1984;[17] before that, his net worth was estimated by Forbes to be worth S$3 billion.[18] He was also ranked one of the wealthiest men in the world by Forbes.[19]


The Kwek Hong Png Wing of the Asian Civilisations Museum opened in 2015

In November 1989, a lawsuit was filed against Kwek for the misuse of funds as well as abetment.[19] Represented by G. P. Selvam, Kwek was later found guilty of the charges, with a pending charge of "dishonestly receiving stolen property". Kwek was later allowed bail set at a million dollars.[20] Kwek's passport was also seized as a precaution.[21]

Death and legacy[edit]

Kwek died in 1994, aged 82.[22] Louis Kraar of CNN described Kwek as "Singapore's leading developer".[23] His empire was later inherited by his son, Kwek Leng Beng.[4] In 2003 a gallery displaying Chinese artefacts at the Asian Civilisations Museum was named after Kwek,[24] and in 2015, following renovations to the museum, a new wing called the Kwek Hong Png Wing was opened.


  1. ^ a b "History". Hong Leong Group. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Asian Civilisations Museum Receives S$5 million Gift For Expansion of Its China Gallery" (PDF). Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  3. ^ Corfield, Justin (2010). Historical Dictionary of Singapore. Scarecrow Press. p. 346. ISBN 9780810873872. 
  4. ^ a b Menkhoff, Thomas; Solvay, Gerke (2012). Chinese Entrepreneurship and Asian Business Networks. Routledge. p. 200. ISBN 9781136002304. 
  5. ^ Asiaweek. 20. Asiaweek Limited. 1994. p. 16. 
  6. ^ Hamilton, Gary G. (1991). Business Networks and Economic Development in East and Southeast Asia. Centre of Asian Studies, University of Hong Kong. 
  7. ^ Doebele, Justin; Brown, Heidi (9 July 2001). "The man with the golden machine gun". Forbes. 
  8. ^ Susanto, A.B.; Susanto, Patricia (2010). The Dragon Network: Inside Stories of the Most Successful Chinese Family Businesses. John Wiley & Sons. p. 10. 
  9. ^ Studwell, Joe (2008). Asian Godfathers. Grove Press. p. 21. ISBN 9781555848927. 
  10. ^ Studwell, Joe (2010). Asian Godfathers: Money and Power in Hong Kong and South East Asia. Profile Books. p. 271. ISBN 9781847651440. 
  11. ^ Matthews, John A. (2002). Dragon Multinational: A New Model for Global Growth: A New Model for Global Growth. Oxford University Press. p. 36. ISBN 9780195352894. 
  12. ^ Rimmer, Peter James; Dick, Howard W. (2009). The City in Southeast Asia: Patterns, Processes, and Policy. NUS Press. p. 209. ISBN 9789971694265. 
  13. ^ "History". Hong Leong Asia. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  14. ^ Ch'ng, David C.L. (1993). The overseas Chinese entrepreneurs in East Asia: background, business practices and international networks. Committee for the Economic Development of Australia. p. 87. 
  15. ^ Kim, Patrick (2013). Leading Successfully in Asia. Springer. p. 97. ISBN 9783642312878. 
  16. ^ "Portrait of Mr. Kwek Hong Png, founder of Hong Leong Company". BooksSG. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  17. ^ East Asia Analytical Unit (1995). Overseas Chinese business networks in Asia. Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. p. 331. ISBN 9780642229601. 
  18. ^ "A new management at Hong Leong". Asian Finance. 10 (7–12). Asian Finance Publications. 1984. p. 176. 
  19. ^ a b "P.M. BRIEFING : Billionaire Faces Funds Charge". Los Angeles Times. 29 November 1989. 
  20. ^ "Kwek Hong Png charged with abetting in CBT". The Straits Times. 19 October 1989. p. 3. 
  21. ^ "Hong Leong founder's case put off for another two weeks". The Straits Times. 16 November 1989. p. 19. 
  22. ^ "Untitled section, (Obituaries & illustrations) 16 pp.". The Straits Times. 10 November 1994. p. 1. 
  23. ^ Kraar, Louis (25 December 1995). "The Mystery Man Who Took The Plaza From Donald Trump". CNN. 
  24. ^ "Asian Civilisations Museum names gallery after Hong Leong Group founder". Hong Leong. 1 March 2003.