Kyōgoku Maria (京極マリア?) or Yōfuku-in (養福院?) (1543–Aug 20 1618) was the second daughter of Azai Hisamasa as well as Azai Nagamasa's elder sister and the mother of Kyōgoku Takatsugu and Kyōgoku Takatomo. Her birth name is unknown, but she was given the name "Maria" after her conversion to Christianity. She was baptized with her husband Kyōgoku Takayoshi in the Jesuits church in Kyoto in 1581, though Takayoshi died soon after. After becoming a widow, she began preaching her new religion to people around her, and Jesuits named her one of the best female catechists of the Kyoto-Osaka area.
Sometime in 1606 or 1607, Maria moved to Wakasa Province under Takatsugu's protection, and in 1609 she moved again to a remote place in Tango Province to avoid the persecution of Christians. She died peacefully in a small hut belonging to a Buddhist nunnery Sengen-ji (泉源寺?) in 1618.
- Father: Azai Hisamasa (1526-1573)
- Brother: Azai Nagamasa (1545-1573)
- Husband: Kyōgoku Takayoshi (1504-1581)
- Son: Kyōgoku Takatsugu (1563-1609), Kyōgoku Takatomo (1572-1622)
- Daughter: Kyōgoku Tatsuko (?-1634)
In Popular Culture
- Ward, Haruko Nawata (2009). Women religious leaders in Japan's Christian century, 1549-1650. Farnham, England: Ashgate. p. 232. ISBN 0754664783.
- O'Malley, John W. (2006). The Jesuits II: Cultures, Sciences, and the Arts, 1540-1773. University of Toronto Press. p. 649. ISBN 9780802038616.
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