Kyauktawgyi Buddha Temple (Yangon)

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Kyauktawgyi Buddha Temple
Kyauktawgyi Buddha Temple (Yangon).jpg
Kyauktawgyi Buddha Temple (Yangon) is located in Myanmar
Kyauktawgyi Buddha Temple (Yangon)
Shown within Myanmar
Basic information
Location Mingaladon Township, Yangon
Geographic coordinates 16°53′04″N 96°07′24″E / 16.884581°N 96.123207°E / 16.884581; 96.123207Coordinates: 16°53′04″N 96°07′24″E / 16.884581°N 96.123207°E / 16.884581; 96.123207
Affiliation Theravada Buddhism
Country Myanmar
Architectural description
Founder Than Shwe
Completed February 2002; 16 years ago (2002-02)

Kyauktawgyi Buddha Temple (Burmese: ကျောက်တော်ကြီးဘုရား) is a Buddhist temple located on Mindhamma Hill on Mingaladon Township, Yangon, Burma.[1] The temple houses a 25 feet (7.6 m) feet tall Buddha called the Loka Chantha Abhaya Labha Muni (လောကချမ်းသာအဘယလဘ မုနိရုပ်ပွားတော်မြတ်ကြီး), which is carved out of a single piece of white marble quarried in Sagyin Hill, Madaya Township, Mandalay Region.[1] The image weighs approximately 560 tons.[2] The Buddha is carved making the abhayamudra (အဘယမုဒြာ), the gesture of fearlessness.[3]

The marble image was transported using a special railroad carriage, which was then placed on a 200 feet (61 m) long barge donated by the Asia World Company.[3] The barge was pushed down the Irrawaddy River by three steamers, stopping along major towns before reaching Yangon.[3] The barge was accompanied by a fleet of decorated ceremonial boats.[3]

The marble image landed at Gyogon, Insein Township on 5 August 2000 to an audience of 500,000 people, including government officials from the State Peace and Development Council, including Than Shwe, his wife Kyaing Kyaing, and Khin Nyunt.[3] The image was then carried atop Mindhamma Hill using a special railway carriage requiring 4 locomotives, on 10 August.[3] The partially carved image was finished and erected at an auspicious location designated by astrologers (aung myay, lit. "victory grounds"), where it is currently housed.[4] The Buddha image was consecrated in February 2002.[3] This Buddhist project was reportedly a yadaya exercise to avert misfortune.[3] The Kyauktawgyi Buddha Temple was built near the site of the former Nine Mile Cemetery.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kyauktawgyi Pagoda". Myanmar Travel Information. 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  2. ^ KOH KIM SENG (2009). "MISUNDERSTOOD MYANMAR: AN INTROSPECTIVE STUDY OF THE VICISSITUDES OF A SOUTHEAST ASIAN STATE IN TRANSITION" (PDF). NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE. p. 209. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Seekins, Donald M. State and Society in Modern Rangoon. Routledge. pp. 190–191. ISBN 9781317601548. 
  4. ^ Matthews, Bruce (2001). Southeast Asian Affairs 2001. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 236. ISBN 9789812301291. 
  5. ^ Seekins, Donald M. (2014). State and Society in Modern Rangoon. Routledge. p. 168. ISBN 9781317601548.