Kyffhäuserkreis

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Kyffhäuserkreis
District
Coat of arms of Kyffhäuserkreis
Coat of arms
Thuringia KYF.svg
Country  Germany
State Thuringia
Capital Sondershausen
Government
 • District admin. Antje Hochwind (SPD)
Area
 • Total 1,037.91 km2 (400.74 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total 75,818
 • Density 73/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registration KYF, ART, SDH
Website www.kyffhaeuser.de

The Kyffhäuserkreis is a district in the northern part of Thuringia, Germany. Neighboring districts are the districts Mansfeld-Südharz, Saalekreis und Burgenlandkreis in Saxony-Anhalt, and the districts Sömmerda, Unstrut-Hainich and Eichsfeld.

History[edit]

In the 12th century there was a castle on the Kyffhäuser mountains, which was built during the reign of emperor Frederick I. According to the local legend, the emperor did not die, but instead went to sleep in this castle.

From 1579 on the region belonged to Saxony, and after 1815 it was divided between the Prussian Province of Saxony and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen.

In 1952 the two districts of Artern (district) and Sondershausen were established. These districts were merged in 1994, with only a few municipalities joining other districts.

Historical Population[edit]

Values as of 31 December :

  • 1994: 98 785
  • 1995: 98 144
  • 1996: 97 499
  • 1997: 96 749
  • 1998: 96 135
  • 1999: 95 290
  • 2000: 94 343
  • 2001: 92 983
  • 2002: 91 940
  • 2003: 90 758
  • 2004: 89 517
  • 2005: 88 307
  • 2006: 87 058
  • 2007: 85 362
  • 2008: 83 835
  • 2009: 82 650
  • 2010: 81 449
  • 2011: 80 471
  • 2012: 78 618
  • 2013: 77 656
  • 2014: 77 148
  • 2015: 77 110
  • 2016: 76 685
  • 2017:
Data source since 1994: Thuringian State Statistical Bureau

Partnerships[edit]

The district has a partnership with the district Ahrweiler in Rhineland-Palatinate, which was initially established with the district Artern in 1990.

Geography[edit]

The district is named after the Kyffhäuser mountains. The main river is the Unstrut, which flows through the east of the district.

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The main symbol of the coat of arms is the lion of the counts of Schwarzburg, who historically ruled most of the district. The lion holds a shield which contains the coat of arms of the Counts of Mansfeld, who owned the area around Artern in the 18th century. The three green hills in the bottom symbolize the mountainous landscape with many forests, the big wavy line stands for the river Unstrut, the small one for the Wipper river.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Verwaltungsgemeinschaft-free towns and municipalities
  1. Artern
  2. Bad Frankenhausen
  3. Ebeleben
  4. Roßleben
  5. Sondershausen
  6. Wiehe
  1. Abtsbessingen
  2. Bellstedt
  3. Donndorf
  4. Freienbessingen
  5. Helbedündorf
  6. Holzsußra
  7. Kyffhäuserland
  8. Rockstedt
  9. Thüringenhausen
  10. Wolferschwenda
Verwaltungsgemeinschaften

1. An der Schmücke

  1. Bretleben
  2. Etzleben
  3. Gorsleben
  4. Hauteroda
  5. Heldrungen1, 2
  6. Hemleben
  7. Oberheldrungen
  8. Oldisleben

2. Greußen

  1. Clingen2
  2. Greußen1, 2
  3. Großenehrich2
  4. Niederbösa
  5. Oberbösa
  6. Topfstedt
  7. Trebra
  8. Wasserthaleben
  9. Westgreußen

3. Mittelzentrum Artern
[seat: Artern]

  1. Borxleben
  2. Gehofen
  3. Heygendorf
  4. Ichstedt
  5. Kalbsrieth
  6. Mönchpfiffel-Nikolausrieth
  7. Nausitz
  8. Reinsdorf
  9. Ringleben
  10. Voigtstedt
1seat of the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft;2town

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, Gemeinschaftsfreie Gemeinde, erfüllende/beauftragende Gemeinden, Verwaltungsgemeinschaft/Mitgliedsgemeinden in Thüringen". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). September 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°20′N 10°55′E / 51.33°N 10.92°E / 51.33; 10.92