Sir Kyffin Williams
9 May 1918
|Died||1 September 2006 (aged 88)|
|Awards||RA (1974), OBE (1982), KBE (1999)|
Sir John "Kyffin" Williams, KBE, RA (9 May 1918 – 1 September 2006) was a Welsh landscape painter who lived at Pwllfanogl, Llanfairpwll, on the Island of Anglesey. Williams is widely regarded as the defining artist of Wales during the 20th century.
Williams was born in Llangefni, Anglesey, one of two sons into an old landed Anglesey family. His father was a bank manager. Williams wrote that his mother was an emotionally repressed woman who had a virulent dislike of the Welsh and the Welsh language. Kyffin Williams was educated at Moreton Hall School then Shrewsbury School where he contracted polio encephalitis which lead him to develop epilepsy, a misfortune he later described as "my greatest fortune". He joined the 6th Battalion Royal Welch Fusiliers as a lieutenant in 1937. After he failed a British Army medical examination in 1941 (because of epilepsy), his doctor advised him to take up art for the sake of his health. He developed a passion for art when he discovered the works of Piero Della Francesca.
Despite academic difficulties—he was told initially by his tutor that he couldn't draw—Williams enrolled at London's Slade School of Fine Art in 1941 (then relocated in Oxford). When he finished his 3 years there he left with the Slade Portrait Prize. He then achieved his ambition to teach art by accepting a position at Highgate School, London, where he was senior art master from 1944 until 1973. His pupils included the historian Sir Martin Gilbert, Royal Academicians Anthony Green and Patrick Procktor and composers John Tavener and John Rutter. He painted a portrait of the school's cricket coach, former test player Albert Knight. In 1968 he won a scholarship (Winston Churchill Fellowship) to study and paint in Y Wladfa, the Welsh settlement in Patagonia. However Wales never left his consciousness or imagination, as he would return home in holidays, take his study sketches back to London and complete his canvasses. Williams' particular technique was applying thick oil paint with a palette knife. Williams was predominately a landscape painter but he also was an accomplished portraitist and something of a cartoonist. His paintings basically divide into three subjects: Venice, Patagonia and by far the largest section, Wales. In 1968 he won a scholarship that took him to the Welsh community in Patagonia, South America. This added a significant body of work to his oeuvre (nearly 50 Patagonia paintings) and the light in Patagonia radically changed his palette.
On retiring from Highgate school Williams returned to Anglesey and spent the next 30 years painting, and promoting Welsh schools of Art and Welsh art in general.
Never having married, Williams died, without heirs, on 1 September 2006, aged 88, at a nursing home in Anglesey. He had been suffering from lung cancer, believed to be a result of working with lead-based paints. Williams was buried at St Mary's Church, Llanfair-yng-Nghornwy. Paying tribute to Williams after his death, bass-baritone singer and Williams collector Bryn Terfel said, "I'm deeply saddened by the passing of Wales's foremost ambassador in the visual arts. Long may his memory live on in the legacy of his numerous, wonderful paintings."
In 1949 Williams had his first one-man-show at a private gallery in London. His first Patagonia exhibition took place in 1971. Later in 2006, the Welsh singer and Manic Street Preachers frontman James Dean Bradfield included a track called "Which Way to Kyffin", dedicated to Williams, on his album The Great Western.
As an artist
His works typically drew inspiration from the Welsh landscape and farmlands. His works may be seen in a permanent exhibition in the Oriel Kyffin Williams Gallery which opened in 2008 at Oriel Ynys Môn in Llangefni, Anglesey, as well as at many other galleries elsewhere in Britain. He was president of the Royal Cambrian Academy and was appointed a member of the Royal Academy in 1974.
In 1995 Williams received the Glyndŵr Award for an Outstanding Contribution to the Arts in Wales during the Machynlleth Festival. He was awarded the OBE for his services to the arts in 1982 and a KBE in 1999.
In February 2011 it was announced that Williams' paintings of Patagonia would be shown for the first time. His last passport, on show in the Oriel Ynys Môn gallery at Llangefni, 2004–2014, has the name Sir John Williams. Kyffin was his grandmother's maiden name.
Williams was a great raconteur and also a fine writer, publishing his autobiography in "Across the Straits" and "A wider sky".
The National Library of Wales was one of the first national institutions to purchase one of his works in the late forties and continue to support his work throughout his life. In acknowledgement of his gratitude for their support he bequeath them his papers and a significant body of his works to the National library. They now hold probably the largest single body of his works.
Williams' work is in the collections of a number of Welsh museums and galleries.
- Meic Stephens (Editor): The New Companion to the Literature of Wales (University of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1998) ISBN 0-7083-1383-3
- Davies, John; Jenkins, Nigel; Menna, Baines; Lynch, Peredur I., eds. (2008). The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. pp. 957–958. ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6.
- Evans, Rian (4 September 2006). "Obituary: Sir Kyffin Williams". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- Williams, Kyffin (1973). Across the straits : an autobiography. London: Duckworth. ISBN 9780715607305. (Chapter three)
- "Kyffin Williams: The Man Who Painted Wales". . 1 December 2018. BBC Two. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
- "What they said about Sir Kyffin". Western Mail. 2 September 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
- Preacher man's tribute to artist; Bradfield sings solo about painter Sir Kyffin Williams at Questia Online Library
- "Lle Cul, Patagonia". People's Collection Wales. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- "Oriel Kyffin Williams". kyffinwilliams.info.
- "Kyffin Williams Drawing Prize 2009". kyffinwilliams.info. Archived from the original on 2 February 2009.
- "Kyffin Williams Drawing Prize 2018" (PDF). Oriel Môn. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- "Sir Kyffin Williams's Patagonia paintings go on show for first time". Western Mail. 5 September 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
- "Kyffin Williams paintings". Your Paintings. BBC. Retrieved 16 March 2013.
- Short biography of Kyffin Williams
- Oriel Kyffin Williams Gallery - Prints
- Calls for home for Sir Kyffin's paintings to be on Anglesey
- The works of Kyffin Williams from Gathering the Jewels
- Land Against the Light: Kyffin Williams BBC programme page
- Obituary: Sir Kyffin Williams
- On-line book of condolence
- BBC announcement of the death of Sir Kyffin Williams - 01 Sept 2006
- Tributes to Sir Kyffin Williams left on the BBC website - Sept 2006
- 325 paintings by or after Kyffin Williams at the Art UK site