Pie Capital of Texas
Location of Kyle, Texas
|• Type||Council–manager government|
|• Mayor||Travis Mitchell|
|• Mayor Pro Tem||Rick Koch|
|• City Manager||Scott Sellers|
|• City Council|
|• Total||31.27 sq mi (80.99 km2)|
|• Land||31.07 sq mi (80.48 km2)|
|• Water||0.20 sq mi (0.51 km2)|
|Elevation||728 ft (222 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,557.40/sq mi (601.32/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||512 & 737|
|GNIS feature ID||1339257|
Kyle is located in eastern Hays County at  It is bordered to the south by San Marcos and to the northwest by Mountain City. Kyle is 21 mi (34 km) southwest of downtown Austin and 58 mi (93 km) northeast of San Antonio on Interstate 35.(29.989080, -97.875947).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.3 square miles (50.0 km2), of which 19.1 sq mi (49.4 km2) are land and 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2), or 1.06%, is covered by water. The Blanco River runs through the western side of the city, while the central and eastern parts of the city drain east to Plum Creek. Both waterways are tributaries of the San Marcos River.
Kyle is served by the Hays Consolidated Independent School District, with high-school students attending either Jack C. Hays High School or Lehman High School. Also near Kyle, the Hays campus of the Austin Community College District has been fully operational since 2014.
Austin–Bergstrom International Airport is 25 mi (40 km) northeast of Kyle, San Marcos Regional Airport is 10 mi (16 km) to the south, and San Antonio International Airport is 53 mi (85 km) to the southwest. Residents have access to I-35, SH 45 toll road, FM 150, FM 1626, SH 21, and SH 123. The MoPac rail line runs through downtown Kyle. The Amtrak passenger train has a stop 10 mi (16 km) south of Kyle in San Marcos.
Government and infrastructure
The city of Kyle is governed by a council-manager form of government. The city council consists of three members representing geographical districts, three at-large council members, and the mayor, who is also elected at-large. Each council member is elected to three-year terms.
State and federal representation
The Management and Training Corporation operates the Kyle Unit, a prison for men in Kyle, on behalf of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. In 1988, the construction of Kyle Unit, the first private prison for the TDCJ, sparked controversy. The Kyle Unit became the second-largest employer in Kyle, after the Hays Consolidated Independent School District. In 1989, the prison had a $50,000 weekly payroll, with much of it going to the city's residents.
The town was established on July 24, 1880, when David E. Moore and Fergus Kyle (for whom the town was named) deeded 200 acres for a townsite to the International-Great Northern Railroad. The new town drew residents and businesses from Mountain City, three miles west, and Blanco, four miles west. Tom Martin operated the first business in Kyle. The community's population exceeded 500 by 1882, but later declined. Kyle was incorporated in 1928 as a general-law city with a mayor and five council members. In 1937, Mary Kyle Hartson, daughter of Fergus Kyle, was elected mayor by a write-in vote. In the early 1940s, Kyle was noted as the only Texas town with an all-woman government.
From 1892 to 1901, Kyle was the childhood home of Pulitzer Prize-winning author Katherine Anne Porter. Many of her most famous short stories, such as "Noon Wine", are set in locations in and around Kyle. Her former home is now a writer's residence open to the public by appointment. The Katherine Anne Porter Literary Center hosts readings by visiting writers.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, 28,016 people, 8,759 households, and 6,905 families were residing in the city. Of the 9,226 housing units, 467, or 5.1%, were vacant. The racial makeup of the city was 74.5% White, 5.6% African American, 0.8% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.04% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 14.3% some other race, and 3.6% from two or more races. About 46.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 8,759 households, 54.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were not families. About 14.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15, and the average family size was 3.51; 391 persons in the city lived in group quarters rather than households.
In the city, the age distribution was 33.7% under 18, 7.4% were from 18 to 24, 37.1% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 4.2% were 65 or older. The median age was 30.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
For 2012–2016, the estimated median annual income for a household was $72,191, and for a family was $76,992. Male full-time workers had a median income of $50,235 versus $39,474 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,348. About 6.8% of the population and 5.4% of families were below the poverty line; 7.3% of the population under the age of 18 and 7.7% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.
- Fitzhugh Andrews, composer
- Gary Clark Jr., musician
- Otto Hofmann, organ builder
- Edwin Jackson Kyle, U.S. Ambassador to Guatemala (1945–48), namesake of Kyle Field
- Helen Michaelis, expert on Quarter Horses, first woman inducted into the American Quarter Horse Hall of Fame
- Katherine Anne Porter, author
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Kyle (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". census.gov. Archived from the original on 2 May 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Heffley, Anna (2006-10-18). "Defense contractor headed to Kyle". The Free Press. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2009-03-06.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Kyle, Texas - Economic Development". kyleed.com. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Kyle city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- "(SLIDESHOW) ACC Hays grand opening - Community Impact Newspaper". Community Impact Newspaper. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "Transportation". kyleed.com. Archived from the original on 22 July 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "Kyle Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." TDCJ. Retrieved on October 7, 2010.
- Krausse, Henry. "Kyle warms to financial aspect of becoming a 'prison town'." The Austin American-Statesman. June 18, 1989. B1. Retrieved on October 7, 2010. "Much of the prison's $50000 weekly payroll will go to Kyle residents." "[...]after Hays Consolidated Independent School District, the prison will be the [...]" "In addition to becoming the community's second-largest employer,"
- "Post Office Location - KYLE Archived 2010-07-06 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on October 7, 2010.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Kyle city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Kyle city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- "Grammy-Winning Rocker Gary Clark Jr. Purchases Huge Texas Ranch". Real Estate News and Advice | Realtor.com®. January 13, 2017.
- Strom, Ann (1981). The Prairie City: A History of Kyle, Texas, 1880–1980. Nortex Press. ISBN 978-0-89015-313-0.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kyle, Texas.|
- City of Kyle official website
- Kyle from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Kyle Area Chamber of Commerce & Visitor's Bureau
- Kyle Economic Development
- Kyle tourism website
- Kyle Fair, Bull Ride, and Music Fest
- Katherine Anne Porter Literary Center
- Michaelis Ranch History - Early history of Kyle, and one of the oldest surviving ranches in the area