Town Centre of Kyle
Location of Kyle, Texas
|• Type||Council–manager government|
|• Mayor||Todd Webster|
|• City Manager||Scott Sellers|
|• Mayor Pro Tem||Diane Hervol|
|• Total||6.0 sq mi (15 km2)|
|• Land||5.9 sq mi (15.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||728 ft (222 m)|
|• Density||899.0/sq mi (347.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Area code(s)||512 & 737|
|GNIS feature ID||1339257|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.3 square miles, of which, 19.2 mi2 of it is land and 0.1 mi2 is covered by water.
The City of Kyle is served by the Hays Consolidated Independent School District, with high school students attending either Jack C. Hays High School or Lehman High School. Austin Community College Hays Center opened in 2014.
Austin-Bergstrom International Airport is located 25 mi north of Kyle, the San Marcos Municipal Airport is located 12 mi to the south, and San Antonio International Airport is 52 mi to the south. Residents have access to I-35, SH 45 toll road, FM 150, FM 1626, SH 21, and SH 123. The MoPAC rail line runs through downtown Kyle. The Amtrak passenger train has a stop 10 mi south of Kyle in San Marcos.
Government and infrastructure
The City of Kyle is governed by a Council/Manager form of government. The city council consist of three members representing geographical districts, three at-large council members, and the mayor, who is also elected at-large. Each council member is elected to three-year terms.
State and federal representation
The Management and Training Corporation operates the Kyle Unit, a prison for men in Kyle, on behalf of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice. In 1988, the construction of Kyle Unit, the first private prison for the TDCJ, sparked controversy. The Kyle Unit became the second-largest employer in Kyle, after the Hays Consolidated Independent School District. In 1989, the prison had a $50,000 weekly payroll, with much of it going to the city's residents.
Kyle was founded in 1881 by Captain Fergus Kyle. The site was chosen because of its proximity to the International – Great Northern Railroad line.
From 1892 to 1901, Kyle was home to the Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Katherine Anne Porter. Many of her most famous short stories, such as "Noon Wine", are set in locations in and around Kyle. Her former home is now a writer's residence open to the public by appointment. The Katherine Anne Porter Literary Center hosts readings by visiting writers.
As of the census of 2000, 5,314 people, 1,491 households, and 1,209 families resided in the city. The population density was 899.0 people per square mile (347.2/km2). The 1,560 housing units averaged 263.9 per square mile (101.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 63.29% White, 8.30% African American, 0.64% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 23.45% from other races, and 3.88% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 52.31% of the population. As of May 2007, the Kyle City Council estimated the population at just over 25,000. Kyle is the fifth fastest-growing city in the state of Texas.
Of the 1,491 households, 50.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.5% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.9% were not families. About 13.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.22 and the average family size was 3.58.
In the city, the population was distributed as 31.2% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 39.3% from 25 to 44, 13.1% from 45 to 64, and 5.1% 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 118.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 124.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $47,534, and for a family was $50,197. Males had a median income of $30,956 versus $26,868 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,252. About 4.8% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.
- Fitzhugh Andrews — composer
- Tyler Emerson, professional gamer, Terraria
- Otto Hofmann, organ builder
- Edwin Jackson Kyle — U.S. Ambassador to Guatemala (1945–48), namesake of Kyle Field
- Helen Michaelis — renowned expert on Quarter Horses, first woman inducted into the American Quarter Horse Hall of Fame
- J. Milton Nance — historian at Texas A&M University
- Katherine Anne Porter — author
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Kyle (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". census.gov. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- Heffley, Anna (2006-10-18). "Defense contractor headed to Kyle". The Free Press. Retrieved 2009-03-06.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Kyle, Texas - Economic Development". kyleed.com. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "(SLIDESHOW) ACC Hays grand opening - Community Impact Newspaper". Community Impact Newspaper. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "Transportation". kyleed.com. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "Kyle Unit." TDCJ. Retrieved on October 7, 2010.
- Krausse, Henry. "Kyle warms to financial aspect of becoming a `prison town'." The Austin American-Statesman. June 18, 1989. B1. Retrieved on October 7, 2010. "Much of the prison's $50000 weekly payroll will go to Kyle residents." "[...]after Hays Consolidated Independent School District, the prison will be the [...]" "In addition to becoming the community's second-largest employer,"
- "Post Office Location - KYLE." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on October 7, 2010.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Strom, Ann (1981). The Prairie City: A History of Kyle, Texas, 1880–1980. Nortex Press. ISBN 978-0-89015-313-0.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kyle, Texas.|
- The Official Kyle, Tx Fair and Music Festival Web Site
- The Official Kyle Web Site
- Kyle Economic Development
- The official Kyle Texas Tourism Web Site
- Kyle from the Handbook of Texas Online
- The official Kyle Texas Chamber of Commerce web site
- Katherine Anne Porter Literary Center
- Michaelis Ranch History - Early history of Kyle, and one of the oldest surviving ranches in the area