Kymenlaakso

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Kymenlaakso

Kymenlaakson maakunta
landskapet Kymmenedalen
Coat of arms of Kymenlaakso
Coat of arms
Kymenlaakso on a map of Finland
Kymenlaakso on a map of Finland
CountryFinland
Historical provinceUusimaa, Karelia, Tavastia
Former provinces
CapitalKotka and Kouvola
Area
 • Total5,595.36 km2 (2,160.38 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total174,167
 • Density31/km2 (81/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ISO 3166 codeFI-09
NUTS186
Regional birdEurasian bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula)
Regional flowerYellow Iris (Iris pseudacorus)
Websitewww.kymenlaakso.fi

Kymenlaakso (literally Kymi Valley) (Swedish: Kymmenedalen) is a region in Finland. It borders the regions of Uusimaa, Päijät-Häme, South Savo and South Karelia and Russia (Leningrad Oblast). Its name means literally The Valley of River Kymi. Kymijoki is one of the biggest rivers in Finland with a drainage basin with 11% of the area of Finland. The city of Kotka with 55,000 inhabitants is located at the delta of River Kymi and has the most important import harbour in Finland. Other cities are Kouvola further in the inland which has after a municipal merger 88,000 inhabitants and the old bastion town Hamina.

Kymenlaakso was one of the first industrialized regions of Finland. It became the most important region for paper and pulp industry in Finland. Since the late 1900s many plants have closed, which has caused some deindustrialization, unemployment and population decline in Kymenlaakso, especially in those communes that were built around plants such as Myllykoski in Kouvola.

Seal of Kymi district, year 1642

Historical provinces[edit]

For history, geography and culture see: Uusimaa, Karelia and Tavastia

Municipalities[edit]

The region of Kymenlaakso is made up of seven municipalities, of which three have city status (marked in bold).

Kotka-Hamina Sub-region:

Kouvola Sub-region:

Former municipalities:

Politics[edit]

Results of the 2019 Finnish parliamentary election in Kymenlaakso:

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 60°30′N 027°00′E / 60.500°N 27.000°E / 60.500; 27.000