Looking along Piper Street, Kyneton
|Population||6,629 (2011 census)|
|Elevation||519 m (1,703 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Macedon Ranges|
Kyneton (// KYNE-tən) is a town in the Macedon Ranges region of Victoria, Australia. The Calder Freeway bypasses Kyneton to the north and east. The town was named after the English village of Kineton, Warwickshire.
The town has three main streets: Mollison Street, Piper Street and High Street. Piper Street has the oldest streetscape of these, and still has many of its original buildings. The railway station, about 91 kilometres (57 mi) from Melbourne on the Bendigo railway line, is a terminus for two weekday peak-hour trains. The town is the council seat of the Shire of Macedon Ranges. At the 2011 census, Kyneton had a population of 6,629.
Major Thomas Mitchell, an explorer, crossed and named the Campaspe River near present-day Kyneton on his 1836 expedition. The first British settlers arrived in the area the same year.
Unlike a majority of towns in the area, Kyneton predates the Victorian gold rushes, having been established in 1850, whereas the gold rushes started the year after. At this time, Kyneton was a growing rural centre, and served as a major stop for those heading to the gold rushes at Mount Alexander and Bendigo. The post office opened on 1 July 1843 as Mount Macedon and was renamed Kyneton on 1 January 1854.
In November 1857, the humanitarian Caroline Chisholm moved her family to Kyneton, where her husband Archibald sat on the magistrates' bench and their two elder sons ran a store.
Kyneton Mounted Rifle Corps was formed in 1859, as one of the volunteer brigades set up when Britain was involved in wars in Afghanistan, Crimea and India. The Kyneton Mounted Rifle Corps was among the earliest in the colony of Victoria. The corps was later amalgamated in the 1880s to form the Victorian Mounted Rifles. Although the individual volunteer units had been disbanded by Federation (1901), many members became part of the 4th and 12th regiments of Light Horse at the Battle of Beersheba (1917) against Turkish troops of the Ottoman Empire.
Sir Stanley Argyle, Premier of Victoria 1932–35, was born in Kyneton in 1867.
Lieutenant-Colonel Geoffrey Hurry (1868-1951), Commander of the 38th Battalion AIF in France in 1918, was born and died in Kyneton. He was the Member for Bendigo in the Commonwealth Parliament from 1922 until 1929.
Kyneton's main locally produced newspaper is the Midland Express, which also serves Castlemaine. The town receives television from Mount Alexander, and is served by a community radio station, 100.7 Highlands FM, based in Woodend.
Various Farmers Markets and festivals throughout the year make the town popular as a day trip destination. The township also serves as a starting point for many nearby destinations, such as Trentham Falls and Hanging Rock in Newham.
Kyneton Museum, located in the old Bank of New South Wales building (built in 1856), houses an extensive collection of local historical items.
Being located well away from any heavily populated areas and their inherent light pollution, Kyneton is also a destination for astronomers seeking a clear view of the Southern Hemisphere night skies due to relatively low pollution levels as opposed to Australian cities. The Cobaw Plateau is host to a 500-hectare facility for astronomical observation.
Kyneton is centrally located among several outlying towns and serves as an educational hub for primary and secondary students. The following educational institutions are located in the main township:
- Kyneton Primary School
- Our Lady of the Rosary, Kyneton
- Kyneton Secondary College
- Sacred Heart College, Kyneton
- Bendigo Regional Institute of TAFE (BRIT), Kyneton Campus
- Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE (NMIT), NMIT Kyneton Park Training Centre (Kyneton Racecourse)
Kyneton has a horse racing club, the Kyneton District Racing Club, which schedules around sixteen race meetings a year including the Kyneton Cup meeting in November (always the day after the Melbourne Cup). In 2009 the Kyneton District Racing Club partnered with the Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE to use the facilities of the racecourse and its extensive grounds as an educational training facility.
Golfers play at the course of the Kyneton Golf Club on Black Hill Road.
Kyneton has a football team "The Rangers" which compete in the Melbourne Division 3 under the FFV banner.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Kyneton, Vic(SSC)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
- Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
- Blake, Les (1977) Place Names of Victoria, p. 147. Melbourne: Rigby Limited. ISBN 0-7270-0250-3
- Vicsig.net Bendigo Fast Rail line guide, Retrieved on 7 January 2011.
- Shire of Campaspe ; retrieved 7 January 2010.
- Priestly, Susan (1984), The Victorians: vol. III, Making Their Mark, McMahons Point, NSW: Fairfax, Syme & Weldon Associates, p. 73, ISBN 0-949288-03-9
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, archived from the original on 10 May 2008, retrieved 11 April 2008
- Clark, Manning (1981) Australian Dictionary of Biography, vol 8, p. 600. Melbourne: MUP. ISBN 0-522-84219-4
- Macedon Ranges Leader http://www.heraldsun.com.au/leader/north/book-on-military-brigades-to-recognise-mounted-regiments/story-fnglenug-1226594866646 , Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- Weekly Times, Melbourne, 14 February 1951, p 2
- Ned on the net Ned Kelly lock-up safe in police complex plans Archived 14 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Retrieved on 7 January 2011.
- Kyneton Botanic Gardens "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 May 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2011., Retrieved on 7 January 2011.
- Kyneton Museum  Archived 21 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Retrieved on 7 January 2011.
- Full Points Footy, Kyneton, retrieved 25 July 2008
- Country Racing Victoria, Country Racing Victoria, archived from the original on 31 December 2010, retrieved 7 January 2011
- Jessica Foulds, Race to Educate, Macedon Ranges Telegraph, 23 June 2009. Accessed 7 August 2009
- Barry Kennedy, Kyneton course in training on track Archived 6 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine., Leader newspapers, 25 June 2009. Accessed 7 August 2009
- Golf Select, Kyneton, retrieved 11 May 2009
- The Rangers KDSC – About the club, Retrieved on 7 January 2011.
Media related to Kyneton, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons