Kyoto Gardens of Honolulu Memorial Park

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Kyoto Gardens of Honolulu Memorial Park
Sanju Pagoda - Kyoto Gardens, Honolulu, HI.JPG
Sanju Pagoda
Kyoto Gardens of Honolulu Memorial Park is located in Hawaii
Kyoto Gardens of Honolulu Memorial Park
Location 22 Craigside Place, Honolulu, Hawaii
Coordinates 21°19′21″N 157°50′51″W / 21.32250°N 157.84750°W / 21.32250; -157.84750Coordinates: 21°19′21″N 157°50′51″W / 21.32250°N 157.84750°W / 21.32250; -157.84750
Area 2.2 acres (0.89 ha)
Built 1966
Architect Katsuyoshi, Robert; et al.
Architectural style Japonism
NRHP Reference # 04000020[1]
Added to NRHP February 11, 2004
Kinkaku-ji with Mirror Lake Garden.

The Kyoto Gardens of Honolulu Memorial Park is a cemetery located in the eastern half of the Honolulu Memorial Park, 22 Craigside Place, Honolulu, Hawaii. Its three-tiered Sanju Pagoda, the Kinkaku-ji Temple, and Mirror Gardens are fine examples of Japanese traditional-style structures and gardens built outside Japan. The gardens were listed in the National Register of Historic Places as site 04000020 on February 11, 2004.[2]

Honolulu Memorial Park was established in 1958, and its Buddhist Kinkaku-ji memorial and Sanju Pagoda were constructed between 1964-1966 as part of the Nuʻuanu Memorial Gardens Funerary Home, adjacent to history Oahu Cemetery. This name was changed to Kyoto Gardens in 1966 when the City of Kyoto, Japan, donated a bronze bell, with Abbot Jikai Murakami of Kyoto's Kinkaku-ji present for the opening.

  • The Sanju Pagoda is modeled after the Hokke-ji Temple (Kanji: 南法華寺) in Nara, Japan which was built in the Momoyama Period (1571–1602). The garden replica is built of concrete and steel, and somewhat larger than the original with a height from foundation to rooftop of 80 feet. Including the ku-rin copper spire, its total height is 116 feet.
  • The Kinkaku-ji (Kanji: 金閣寺) columbarium is modeled upon the renowned Kinkaku-ji (Golden Pavilion) located on the grounds of the Rokuonji Temple in Kyoto, built in the Muromachi Period (1335–1573). It is three stories tall (38 feet), constructed with steel frame and plaster finish, and with a phoenix finial at its roof peak.
  • Mirror Lake Garden, surrounding Kinkaku-ji, also reflects Muromachi Period (1335–1573) garden design.[3]

Both the Sanju Pagoda and Kinkaku-ji serve as columbariums. As of 2006 they were in poor repair, due to the cemetery's financial difficulties.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ Lorraine Minatoishi Palumbo (July 1, 2003). "Kyoto Gardens of Honolulu Memorial Park nomination form" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  3. ^ "Kyoto Gardens of Honolulu Memorial Park". Asian Pacific American Heritage Month. National Park Service. 2004. 
  4. ^ James Gonser (January 5, 2006). "Pagoda crumbling amid dispute". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2009-11-28. 
  5. ^ Malia Zimmerman (October 9, 2006). "Memorial Park Management Dispute 'Emotional, Political, Messy'". Hawaii Reporter. Archived from the original on October 30, 2006. Retrieved 2009-11-28.